Ernst Paul Heinz Prüfer (10 November 1896 – 7 April 1934) was a German mathematician, who worked on abelian groups, algebraic numbers, knot theory and Sturm–Liouville theory. His advisor was Issai Schur.
Prüfer was married, but without children. He died early of lung cancer.
- Behnke, H.; Köthe, G. (1935), "Heinz Prüfer", Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung XLV: 32–40
- Mader, Adolf (1987), "Heinz Prüfer and his papers on abelian groups", in Rüdiger Göbel, Elbert Walker, Abelian group theory: proceedings of the Third Conference on Abelian Group Theory at Oberwolfach, August 11–17, 1985, Gordon and Breach, pp. 1–8, ISBN 978-2-88124-166-6, MR 1011302