Hejiang Province

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For other uses, see Hejiang County.
former province of the Republic of China
合江省
Hokiang Province

(1945-1948)
ROC-Hejiang.png
Capital Kiamusze (Chia-mu-ssu, Chiamussu)

Hokiang, (Chinese: 合江; pinyin: Héjiāng) was a province in Northeast China, which was established in 1945. It was c.52,300 sq mi (135,500 km²) in size and the provincial capital was Jiamusi.

History[edit]

Medieval history[edit]

From 698 to 936, the Mohe-Korean kingdom of Balhae (Bohai) occupied northern Korea and parts of Northeast China and Primorsky Krai, consisting of the Nanai, the Udege, and the Evenks and descendants of the Tungus-speaking people and the people of the recently fallen Goguryeo kingdom in Korea. Hejiang settled at this moment by Northern Mohe tribes were submitted to Balhae Kingdom under King Mun and reign King Seon's reign (818-830) :

  • Tieli Mohe (Hanja/Hanzi: 鐵利靺鞨; pinyin: Tiělì Mòhé; Hangul: 철리말갈; RR: Cheolli Malgal) on the west of Hejiang Province

King Seon administrated their territories by creating three prefectures :

  • Dongpyeong Prefecture (Hanja: 東平府; Hangul: 동평부)
    • Iju (Hanja: 伊州; Hangul: 이주), present-day Mishan (Chinese: 密山; pinyin: Mìshān) as its administrative centre, corresponding to the previous land of the Funie Mohe
  • Cheolli Prefecture (Hanja: 定理府; Hangul: 철리부)
    • Deongnijin (Hanja: 德理鎮; Hangul: 덕리진) present-day Harbin (Chinese: 哈爾濱; pinyin: Hā'ěrbīn), as its administrative centre, corresponding to the previous land of the Tieli Mohe
  • Hoewon Prefecture (Hanja: 懷遠府; Hangul: 회원부)
    • Dalju (Hanja: 達州; Hangul: 달주) present-day Tongjiang (Chinese: 同江; pinyin: Tóngjiāng), as its administrative centre corresponding to the southern part of the Heishui Mohe territory

Balhae was an early feudal medieval state of Eastern Asia, which developed its industry, agriculture, animal husbandry, and had its own cultural traditions and art. People of Balhae maintained political, economic and cultural contacts with the southern Chinese Tang Dynasty, as well as Korea and Japan.

Modern history[edit]

In 1949, the province was incorporated into the Songjiang Province and in 1954 the whole area was included into the Heilongjiang Province.

See also[edit]