Hekinan

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Hekinan
碧南市
City
Hekinan City hall
Hekinan City hall
Flag of Hekinan
Flag
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Hekinan in Aichi Prefecture
Hekinan is located in Japan
Hekinan
Hekinan
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°53′N 137°0′E / 34.883°N 137.000°E / 34.883; 137.000Coordinates: 34°53′N 137°0′E / 34.883°N 137.000°E / 34.883; 137.000
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi Prefecture
Area
 • Total 35.86 km2 (13.85 sq mi)
Population (March 31, 2010)
 • Total 73,317
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Oak
- Flower Japanese iris
Address 28 Matsumoto-chō, Hekinan-shi, Aichi-ken
447-8601
Phone number 0566-41-3311
Website City of Hekinan

Hekinan (碧南市 Hekinan-shi?) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

As of 2010, the city has an estimated population of 73,317 including 3,757 foreigners.[1] The population density is about 2,020 people per km². The total area is 35.86 km2 (13.85 sq mi).[2]

History[edit]

  • On April 5, 1948, the city was founded by amalgamating the towns of Ohama, Shinkawa and Tanao, and the village of Asahi.[2] Because it was located on the southern (南) part of Hekikai District (海郡), the city was named Hekinan (碧南?). Other nearby cities were also formed from municipalities previously belonging to Hekikai District: Anjō, Kariya, Takahama, and Chiryū. Hekinan was the tenth city founded in Aichi Prefecture.[2] Since it had harbors and rails, the city recovered quickly from Pacific War.
  • On April 1, 1955, one part of the village of Meiji, which is currently called Nishibata, was incorporated into Hekinan.
  • On September 26, 1959, Typhoon Vera or the Isewan Typhoon heavily damaged the city.
  • On July 14, 1974, Rinkai Kōen Pool or also known as Kinuura Mammoth Pool was opened. Because the city reclaimed the seaside for industrial purposes in 1960's, Hekinan opened this pool for people who complained about losing their beautiful beach.
  • On May 23, 1988, Hekinan Municipal Hospital was opened.[3]
  • In 1993, Hekinan Thermal Generating Station was created by Chubu Electric Power on the reclaimed ground. This provides high tax revenue to the city.
  • On August 17, 2003, since the facility of the Rinkai Kōen Pool became old and the number of the visitors of the pool was reduced, the city shut down the pool. Instead, the city created Hekinan Rinkai Park on the same place.

Geography[edit]

The city is surrounded by Lake Aburagafuchi, the Yahagi River, Kinuura Bay, and Mikawa Bay. Most of the city area lies on reclaimed ground. The majority of people live in the center of the city. Factories, farms, and harbors occupy the coast.

Neighbourhoods of Hekinan[edit]

Other cities that are separated by the ocean:

Climate[edit]

Gamagōri, Aichi is the closet point that measures climate information.

Climate data for Gamagōri, Aichi (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
13.2
(55.8)
18.5
(65.3)
22.7
(72.9)
25.5
(77.9)
29.2
(84.6)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
22.2
(72)
17.1
(62.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
5.5
(41.9)
8.9
(48)
14.2
(57.6)
18.5
(65.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.9
(80.4)
23.6
(74.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.1
(55.6)
8.0
(46.4)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
1.9
(35.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.7
(58.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
20.7
(69.3)
14.9
(58.8)
9.6
(49.3)
4.5
(40.1)
12.4
(54.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 47.9
(1.886)
59.2
(2.331)
135.9
(5.35)
149.5
(5.886)
178.7
(7.035)
231.5
(9.114)
175.3
(6.902)
157.5
(6.201)
257.2
(10.126)
127.8
(5.031)
93.0
(3.661)
38.9
(1.531)
1,649.8
(64.953)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.3 173.6 192.9 196.4 190.9 137.0 163.9 215.4 150.4 168.3 169.2 183.9 2,110.7
Source: [4]

Population[edit]

Changes in population[5]
Month Population
December 2005 72,411
December 2006 73,119
December 2007 73,919
December 2008 74,138
December 2009 73,356
June 2010 73,277
Number of Foreigners on June 30, 2010[6]
Original Country

Household

Male Female Population

Argentina

100 86 61 147

Australia

1 1 0 1

Bolivia

1 1 2 3

Brazil

1096 1105 946 2051

Canada

1 1 0 1

Chile

1 2 1 3

China

308 179 173 352

Germany

1 1 0 1

Indonesia

46 42 22 64

Iran

2 2 0 2

North Korea / South Korea

78 43 56 99

Malaysia

1 1 0 1

Nepal

9 10 2 12

Pakistan

3 2 1 3

Paraguay

11 8 5 13

Peru

63 63 59 122

Philippines

181 118 130 248

Poland

2 2 0 2

Sri Lanka

25 24 3 27

Tanzania

1 1 0 1

Thailand

26 11 15 26

Turkey

1 1 0 1

United Kingdom

1 1 0 1

United States

8 4 5 9

Vietnam

97 76 26 102

Statelessness

3 2 2 4
Total 2077 1792 1514 3306

Economy[edit]

Cars, metal, tile, and foods are the main industry in the city. The number of factories is 463. The number of workers is 16,778. The amount of shipment is 84,356,533 million yen in total in 2006.[7]

Industry[edit]

  • Cars

Because Hekinan is located in Aichi, Hekinan's main industry is manufacturing car parts. There are 9,148 people who work for the industry. They ship 47,058,959 yen which is more than half of the amount of shipment in the city.[7] Toyota Industries is the biggest company for the industry in the city. There are 1,722 employees that work for the company in Hekinan. It is about 10% of the total industrial workers in Hekinan.[8]

  • Tile

One remarkable industry in the city is related to tiles. Hekinan is one of the cities that produce Sanshu kawara. Sanshu kawara is one of the regional brands for tiles. There are about 50 regions in Japan that produce tiles, and Sanshu kawara is the only tile that has the regional brand. Other cities that create the tile are Takahama and Handa. In Japan, 58 per cent of tiles, which is about 50,000,000 tiles, are Sanshu kawara.[9]

Agriculture[edit]

Even though only 4% of the population in Hekinan engage in agriculture, one-quarter of the area is farmland. The main products are carrots, onions, potatoes and figs. Anjo and Hekinan are the largest producer of figs in Japan.[7][10]

Politics[edit]

Hekinan is one of the wealthiest cities in Japan. Its financial capability index is 1.70.[11] This is because the city has Hekinan Thermal Generating Station, which is one of largest thermal power plants in the world.

City council[edit]

The number of representatives is 26. It is considerably high compared with other cities of similar size. Since its tax revenue is high, the city does not plan to reduce its number of representatives.

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

Junior High Schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

Life in Hekinan[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Various festivals are held throughout the year in Hekinan.

Schedule of Festivals [12]
Name Date Location Details
Cherry Blossom Festival

[note 1]

From March to April Onin temple, Akashi Park, Nakayamashinmei shrine, Yahagi river There are many events related to cherry blossom at the festival. During the night time, The trees are illuminated except Yahagi river.
Shiki Bishamonten Spring Festival April 3 Myōfuku Temple (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天) Pray for your and your family's happiness.
Nishiōninji Rennyohi From April 19 to 25 Ōnin Temple Buddhist event. Tea ceremony or some events held.
Spring Rennyo walking April Ōnin Temple "Walk-rally", Haiku contests, etc. are held.
Kōtō Garden Wisteria Festival

[note 2]

From April to May Kōtō Garden Enjoy Wistaria. There are a tea ceremony, which costs 500 yen including Japanese snack. During the night time, Wistaria is illuminated by paper lanterns.
Shōmyō Temple Tōshōgū Festival May 5 Shōmyō Temple A lot of cultural assets, especially assets that related to Tokugawa, are treasured. Tokugawa Ieyasu's ancestor's graves exist in the temple. Variety of the events are held.
Henjōin Three faces Jikokuten Spring Festival May 5 Henjōin Pay for success in business, etc.
Hekinan Lake Aburagafuchi Oak Festival[note 3] From May to June Lake Aburagafuchi and Ōnin Temple Art contests, Tea ceremony, etc. are held. There are about 3 million of Oak, more than 100 types of Oak are planted. During the night time, Oak is illuminated by paper lanterns.
Saigu shrine Hydrangea Festival Second Sunday of June Saigu shrine Selling Hydrangea, Nagashi Sōmen events are held.
Abacus Festival August 8 (8-8 pronounce like abacus' sound so August 8 is Abacus day) Shōmyō Temple Thank to old abacus.
Lake Aburagafuchi fishing contests[note 4] Second Sunday of September Lake Aburagafuchi Free fishing contest at Lake Aburagafuch
Ōhama Tera Machi "Haiking" (Haiku Festival)[note 5] Third Sunday of October Ōhama Haiku contests. The theme of Haiku is town. Participants walk around Ōhama and make Haiku.
Shiki Bishamonten Fall Festival November 3 Myōfuku Temple (妙福寺/志貴毘沙門天) Pray for your and your family's happiness.
Henjōin Three faces Dikokuten Fall Festival November 11 Henjōin Pay for success in business, etc.

Transportation[edit]

Kurukuru Bus[edit]

Hekinan provides bus service that is free for any people including people who do not live in the city. The bus is called Kurukuru bus. There are 2 lines. One line is Orange and Purple courses that take about 70 minutes (about 19.1 km) to go around the city. The other line is Midori and Ao courses that take 150 minutes (about 50 km) to go around the city. Except December 29 to January 3, the bus runs.[13] [note 6] [note 7] [note 8] [note 9] [note 10]

Other bus[edit]

  • Ankuru Bus

Ankuru Bus is Anjo's bus service. People can transfer from Kurukuru bus to Ankuru bus at Enokimae machi station. Both Midori and Ao courses stop the bus station. It costs 100 yen for one trip.[14]

  • Furendo (Friends) bus

Furendo bus is Nishio's bus service. Because Meitetsu Mikawa Line closed the rail way from Hekinan station to Kirayoshida station, Nishio runs the bus service since April 1, 2004.

  • 200 yen (Older than 18 years)
  • 100 yen (6 to 18 years including High School students)
  • Free (Younger than 5)

The bus starts and ends at Hekinan Station.[15]

  • Iki-Iki Gō

Iki-Iki Gō is Takahama's bus service. People can transfer from Kurukuru bus to Iki-Iki gō at Sun Kinuura station. It costs 100 yen.[16]

Train[edit]

Meitetsu Mikawa Line connects from Chiryū. Before 2004, there was a train route from Hekinan to Kirayoshida. Now, instead of having the line, Furendo bus runs Hekinan to Nishio.

Roads[edit]

National Route[edit]

Prefectural road[edit]

  • Aichi Prefectural road 43
  • Aichi Prefectural road 45
  • Aichi Prefectural road 46
  • Aichi Prefectural road 50
  • Aichi Prefectural road 265
  • Aichi Prefectural road 291
  • Aichi Prefectural road 295
  • Aichi Prefectural road 301
  • Aichi Prefectural road 302
  • Aichi Prefectural road 303
  • Aichi Prefectural road 304
  • Aichi Prefectural road 305
  • Aichi Prefectural road 306
  • Aichi Prefectural road 307

Attractions[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Hekinan is twinned with:

In April, 2005, the Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia visited to Hekinan in order to participate Expo 2005. During the stay, the Vice Prime Minister proposed to have sister cities relationships between Croatian cities. Hekinan sent officials to Pula in 2006. On April 5, 2007, Hekinan invited the Mayor of Pula for 59th anniversary and established the sister city relationship between the two cities.[18]

In order to build Hekinan citizen's international sensibility, the city was looking for a sister city relationship with a city in the Pacific Ocean coast. At the same time, Edmonds considered to have the relationship with one of Japanese cities. Edmonds sent officials to Hekinan in 1986. The two cities start exchanging people for home stay. Two years later, at the ceremony of 40th anniversary of Hekinan, the two cities established the sister-cities relationship.[19]

Events between Hekinan and Edmonds
  • On April 5, 1988, Hekinan and Edmonds established a Sister city relationship.[20]
  • In 1998, the Hekinan city hall hosted the sculpture by Steve Jensen to celebrate 10th anniversary of the relationships.
  • In 2004, Twenty five Hekinan artists, residents, and officials visited Edmonds to dedicate the Friendship Tree on the Edmonds waterfront.
  • In 2008, Mayor Gary Haakenson visited Hekinan with 18 citizens to celebrate 20th anniversary[21]

About 20 people from Hekikaigun moved to Yuni, Mikawa. Since the sounds of the regions were the same, they developed this region very well. This connection made two cities have the sister city relationship at the same date that Edmonds signed the relationship between Hekinan.[22]

Noted people from Hekinan[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "碧南市市民課-人口-". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "碧南はこんなまち". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "碧南市民病院改革プラン". Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値) 蒲郡". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "町丁目別人口". Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "外国人人口(国籍別人員)". Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "業種別・事業所数・従業者数・出荷額等の推移". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "主要国内拠点 碧南工場". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "三州瓦の紹介". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  10. ^ "碧南市の農業". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  11. ^ "平成20年度市町村決算カード 愛知". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  12. ^ "碧南市観光協会ホームページ". Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  13. ^ "くるくるバス概要". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  14. ^ "安城市/あんくるバス". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "ふれんどバスに乗ろう!". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  16. ^ "市内循環バス「いきいき号」". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  17. ^ "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian, Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  18. ^ "もっと知りたい!碧南姉妹都市 クロアチア". Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  19. ^ "エドモンズ市(アメリカ合衆国ワシントン州)". Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  20. ^ "City of Edmonds, Washington - Sister City Commission". Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  21. ^ "City of Edmonds, Washington - Sister City Commission - History". Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  22. ^ "由仁町(北海道夕張郡由仁町)". Retrieved 12 July 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hekinan at Wikimedia Commons