Helen Gurley Brown

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Helen Gurley Brown
Helen Gurley Brown 1964.jpg
Helen Gurley Brown in 1964
Born Helen Marie Gurley[1]
(1922-02-18)February 18, 1922
Green Forest, Arkansas, United States[2]
Died August 13, 2012(2012-08-13) (aged 90)
New York City
Occupation International Editor, Cosmopolitan
Notable credit(s) Editor-in-chief, Cosmopolitan
Title International Editor, Cosmopolitan; Former editor-in-chief, U.S. Cosmopolitan
Spouse(s) David Brown
(m. 1959–2010; his death)

Helen Gurley Brown (February 18, 1922 – August 13, 2012)[3] was an American author, publisher, and businesswoman. She was the editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan magazine for 32 years.[4]

Life and career[edit]

Early life[edit]

Brown was born Helen Marie Gurley in Green Forest, Arkansas, the daughter of Cleo Fred (Sisco) and Ira Marvin Gurley.[5] Her mother was born in Alpena, Arkansas, and died in 1980.[5][6][7] Her father was once appointed Commissioner of the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission.[8] The family moved to Little Rock, Arkansas, after Ira won election to the Arkansas state legislature.[6] He died in an elevator accident on June 18, 1932.[9] In 1937, Brown, her sister Mary, and their mother moved to Los Angeles, California.[10] A few months after moving, Mary contracted polio.[10] While in California, Brown attended John H. Francis Polytechnic High School.[11]

After Brown's graduation, the family moved to Warm Springs, Georgia.[12] She attended one semester at Texas State College for Women and then moved back to California to attend Woodbury Business College.[12] from which she graduated in 1941.[13] In 1947, Cleo and Mary moved to Osage, Arkansas, while Brown stayed in Los Angeles.[14]

After working at the William Morris Agency, Music Corporation of America, and Jaffe talent agencies she worked for Foote, Cone & Belding advertising agency as a secretary.[15] Her employer recognized her writing skills and moved her to the copywriting department where she advanced rapidly to become one of the nation's highest-paid ad copywriters in the early 1960s. In 1959 she married David Brown, who would go on to become a noted film producer.

Publishing[edit]

In 1962, when Brown was 40, her book – Sex and the Single Girl[16] was published in 28 countries, and stayed on the bestseller lists for over a year.[17] In 1964 the book inspired a film of the same name starring Natalie Wood. In 1965, she became editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan and reversed the high-toned content expected of the magazine.[citation needed] In the 1960s, Brown was an outspoken advocate of women's sexual freedom and sought to provide them with role models in her magazine. She claimed that women could have it all – "love, sex, and money". As a result of her advocacy, glamorous, fashion-focused women were sometimes called "Cosmo Girls". Her work played a part in what is often called the sexual revolution.

In 1997, Brown was ousted from her role as the U.S. editor of Cosmopolitan[18] and was replaced by Bonnie Fuller. When she left, Cosmopolitan ranked sixth at the newsstand, and for the 16th straight year, ranked first in bookstores on college campuses.[18] However, she stayed on at Hearst publishing and remained the international editor for all 59 international editions of Cosmo until her death on August 13, 2012.[18]

In September, 2008, Brown was named the 13th-most-powerful American over the age of 80 by Slate magazine.[19]

After more than 50 years of marriage, her husband, David Brown, died at the age of 93 on February 1, 2010.[20][21]

Together with her husband David, Brown established the Brown Institute for Media Innovation.[22] This institution is housed at both the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism and Stanford's Engineering School. Their $30-million donation to the two schools develops journalism in the context of new technologies.[22]

Death[edit]

At the age of 90, Brown died at the McKeen Pavilion at New York–Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia after a brief hospitalization.[23] In its statement announcing the news, Hearst Publications did not disclose a cause.[24] The company said, "Helen was one of the world’s most recognized magazine editors and book authors, and a true pioneer for women in journalism – and beyond."[25] Entertainment Weekly said that "Gurley Brown will be remembered for her impact on the publishing industry, her contributions to the culture at large, and sly quips like her famous line: 'Good girls go to heaven. Bad girls go everywhere.'"[26] New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg in a statement said, "Today New York City lost a pioneer who reshaped not only the entire media industry, but the nation's culture. She was a role model for the millions of women whose private thoughts, wonders and dreams she addressed so brilliantly in print."[27]

Awards[edit]

  • 1985 Matrix Award from New York Women in Communications[28]
  • 1995: Henry Johnson Fisher Award from the Magazine Publishers of America[28]
  • 1996: American Society of Magazine Editors' Hall of Fame Award[28]
  • 1998 Editor of the Year by Advertising Age magazine[29]
  • 2013 (posthumously): Woman of Achievement Award from the Women's Project Theater [28]

Works[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Hendricks, Nancy. "Helen Marie Gurley Brown". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. The Central Arkansas Library System. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012. 
  2. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 1.
  3. ^ "Helen Gurley Brown". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. August 14, 2012. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012. 
  4. ^ Garner 2009.
  5. ^ a b Scanlon 2009, p. 2.
  6. ^ a b Scanlon 2009, p. 3.
  7. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=95304510
  8. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 6.
  9. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 7.
  10. ^ a b Scanlon 2009, p. 12.
  11. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 14.
  12. ^ a b Scanlon 2009, p. 17.
  13. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 18.
  14. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 22.
  15. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. 26.
  16. ^ Scanlon 2009, p. ix.
  17. ^ "Helen Gurley Brown dies at 90". Chicago Tribune. August 13, 2012. Archived from the original on August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  18. ^ a b c Scanlon 2009, p. xiv.
  19. ^ "80 Over 80: The most powerful octogenarians in America". Slate. September 11, 2008. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2009. 
  20. ^ Weber, Bruce (February 2, 2010). "David Brown, Film and Stage Producer, Dies at 93". The New York Times. p. A25. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2010. 
  21. ^ McLellan, Dennis (February 2, 2010). "David Brown dies at 93; producer of 'Jaws,' 'The Sting'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "Cosmo editor ponies up $30 million for the future of news". CNET. January 30, 2012. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  23. ^ Oldenburg, Ann (August 13, 2012). "'Cosmo' grand dame Helen Gurley Brown dies at age 90". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  24. ^ Carlisle, Kate (August 13, 2012). "Helen Gurley Brown dies; editor of Cosmo and author of ‘Sex and the Single Girl’ was 90". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  25. ^ Haughney, Christine (August 13, 2012). "Helen Gurley Brown, Who Gave Cosmopolitan Its Purr, Is Dead at 90". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  26. ^ Busis, Hillary (August 13, 2012). "'Cosmopolitan' editor-in-chief Helen Gurley Brown has died at 90". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Former Cosmopolitan editor and author Helen Gurley Brown dies". NBC News. Associated Press. August 13, 2012. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Legendary editor Helen Gurley Brown dies". Times Union (Albany, NY). August 13, 2012. Archived from the original on August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Cosmo editor moves to Glamour: Helen Gurley Brown successor leaves after 18 months at the helm". The Dallas Morning News. Associated Press. August 11, 1998. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]