Helen Hooven Santmyer
|Helen Hooven Santmyer|
November 25, 1895|
|Died||21 February 1986
|Occupation||Novelist, educator, librarian|
|Notable works||"...And Ladies of the Club"|
Helen Hooven Santmyer (November 25, 1895 – February 21, 1986) was an American writer, educator, and librarian. She is primarily known for her best-selling epic "...And Ladies of the Club", published when she was in her 80s.
Life and career
Early life and education
Santmyer was born on November 25, 1895 in Cincinnati, Ohio, the oldest child of John Wright and Bertha Hooven Santmyer. Her father had been a medical student in Cincinnati, but in 1900 switched to business and moved to the Hooven family home in Xenia, taking a position with the R.A. Kelly Company, a rope manufacturer. Inspired by Louisa May Alcott, Santmyer was determined to become a writer and kept a diary from age 10. She also derived inspiration from her grandfathers; both were veterans of the American Civil War and would relate stories of their service. She furthermore derived negative inspiration from her mother, whom she felt sacrificed a promising career as an artist for the sake of marriage and children, and was determined never to marry.
As a child, Santmyer had a severe case of undulant fever. She recovered, but was left weakened for life, and sometimes subject to bed confinement with fevers or a heart flutter. She would always find it difficult to work and write at the same time.
She attended Wellesley College 1914–18 and was active in the struggle for women's rights; she began publishing her poetry as an undergraduate. The 1916 Alfred Noyes edited collection, A Book of Princeton Verse (poems by Princeton students), was widely read in Santmyer's circle, and strongly influenced her. She quit her clubs and committees and wrote a manifesto that appeared in The Wellesley College Magazine, May 1917, criticizing women who do not dedicate themselves to their art, the way she presumed men did.
After graduation, Santmeyer took a job as an editorial secretary with Scribner's in New York City for two years. She returned to Xenia, teaching locally and at Wellesley College, during which time she wrote her first novel, Herbs and Apples, based on her experience at Scribner's. After Wellesley, Santmyer attended Oxford University in England for three years, 1924–27. During her time there, she met and befriended a fellow Xenian, the poet Ridgely Torrence. She wrote a thesis on 17th century women writers, focusing largely on Clara Reeve. Culminating her studies at Oxford, Santmyer was awarded a B.Litt. degree.
After finishing at Oxford, Santmyer returned to Xenia. In 1927, she befriended Mildred Sandoe, a librarian, who would become her long-term friend, companion, and literary assistant. In 1928, she joined the Xenia Woman's Club. During this time she wrote her second novel, The Fierce Dispute, published in 1929. In the summer of 1930, Santmyer became a MacDowell colonist. There, she wrote her third novel, Farewell Summer (published posthumously) and befriended actor and playwright Daniel Reed and novelist Thornton Wilder.
The Depression forced the closure of the rope factory where Santmyer's father worked. He found employment in Orange County, California, the house was sold, and the family relocated to the West Coast. While in California, Santmyer started writing Ohio Town and Ladies. But after three years, her father retired due to failing health. Santmyer and her parents returned to near Xenia.
In 1935, she accepted the positions as Dean of Women and English department head at Cedarville College, then chartered as a Reformed Presbyterian college. During this time her writing continued, but because of her health, very slowly. In 1953, Cedarville College was purchased by a Baptist association, which demanded faculty to adhere to their Biblical literalism, and did not permit smoking or drinking. Santmyer resigned from the faculty.
Santmyer and her parents moved back to the former Hooven family home, which had been repurchased by her brother-in-law. Santmyer's friend Sandoe, then working at the Dayton Public Library, found a position there for Santmyer as a research librarian, and provided the daily commute. Santmyer's father died in 1954, and her mother died in 1955. Sandoe then moved into the Santmyer house.
Retirement and main writing
Upon retirement in 1959, Santmyer returned to full-time writing, publishing Ohio Town, reminiscences of Xenia, in 1962 with Ohio State University Press. The director of OSU Press encouraged her to publish with them again. Santmyer then wrote the bulk of Ladies, submitting it to OSU Press in 1976, which accepted it, but required heavy abridgment. Also as of 1976, Santmyer had the first of several stays in Hospitality Home East, a Xenia nursing home, where most of the revision was done.
In 1982, "...And Ladies of the Club" was published obscurely by OSU Press: it was the publisher's second novel, there was no separate advertising budget, and only a few hundred copies of the book were sold, mostly to Ohio libraries. By April 1983, nearly blind and suffering from emphysema, Santmyer moved permanently into the nursing home. By chance, the novel ended up being read by some in the Hollywood entertainment industry who saw its potential for a larger audience. This led to the book's republication by Putnam in 1984 and its becoming a main selection of the Book-of-the-Month Club. Both Santmyer and the novel subsequently received considerable media attention with the novel becoming a best-seller.
Santmyer died, age 90, on February 26, 1986.
- Herbs and Apples (1925)
- The Fierce Dispute (1929)
- Ohio Town (1963)
- "...And Ladies of the Club" (1982)
- Farewell, Summer (1988)
- The Life and Works of Clara Reeve (1927 thesis, 513 pages)
- The Hall with Eight Doors (363 pages)
Awards and achievements
- 1964, Florence Roberts Head Award, for Ohio Town
- 1983, Ohioana Book Award in the category of fiction, for "...And Ladies of the Club"
- 1984, 37 consecutive weeks on the New York Times bestseller list, seven weeks at number-one (Ladies)
- 1984, inducted into Ohio Women's Hall of Fame
- 1984, Honorary Degree, Wright State University
- 1985, Central State University held a conference on Ladies
- 1985, Ohio Governor's Award
- The Helen Hooven Santmyer Prize, awarded annually since 1991 in the amount of $2500, was established by the OSU Press for the "best book-length manuscript on the contributions of women, their lives and experiences, and their role in society."
- The Helen Hooven Santmyer Award for Excellence is a college scholarship.
- McDowell, Edwin (1984-01-12). "Happy End for Novelist's 50-Year Effort". New York Times. p. A1.
- "Literary Success at 88". Chicago Tribune. Jan 13, 1984. p. 11.
- Mitgang, Herbert (1986-02-22). "Helen Hooven Santmyer, 90, Author and Educator, Dies". New York Times.
- Quay 1995, p. 9.
- Quay 1995, pp. 10–1.
- Quay 1995, p. 15.
- Quay 1995, p. 34.
- Quay 1995, pp. 51–2.
- Quay 1995, pp. 87–8.
- Santmyer, Helen Hooven (1985). "Introduction to the 1985 Edition". Herbs and Apples. Ohio State University Press.
- Santmyer 1962, p. 127.
- Santmyer 1962, p. 140.
- Santmyer 1962, pp. 150–53.
- See, for example, #External links
- Quay 1995, pp. 27–35.
- Quay 1995, pp. 95–6.
- Shahmeer Azmat (2012-02-21). "Helen Hooven Santmyer Papers". The Ohio State University Libraries: Rare Books and Manuscripts.
- Quay 1995, p. 87.
- Quay 1995, p. 114.
- Howard, Jane (June 1984). "Portrait: Helen Hooven Santmyer". Life: 31–6.
- Galloway, Paul (June 10, 1984). "Move over, Jane Austen—Miss Santmyer has finally arrived". Chicago Tribune, Sunday Tempo. p. A1.
- Quay 1995, p. 100.
- Quay 1995, pp. 103–6.
- Quay 1995, p. 107.
- Quay 1995, p. 115 quotes the May 1939 Wellesley Purple Page writing of Santmeyer that she has "finished another manuscript."
- Quay 1995, p. 116 All the previous faculty would be dismissed anyway.
- Quay 1995, pp. 119–21.
- Galloway, Paul (June 10, 1984). "Move over, Jane Austen — Miss Santmyer has finally arrived". Chicago Tribune Sunday Tempo. p. 1.
- Corwin, Stanley J. (1984). "Author's Note". How to Become a Bestselling Author. pp. 3–8. ISBN 0-89879-129-4.
- "Helen Hooven Santmyer". Ohioana Authors. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- "Ohioana Florence Roberts Head Book Award Winners". Ohioana Library. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- "Ohioana Book Award Winners: Fiction". Ohioana Library. Retrieved 2014-10-02.
- "Santmyer, Helen Hooven". Ohio Center for the Book at Cleveland Public Library. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- "Helen Santmyer". Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients". Wright State University. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- Fleissner, Robert (June 1986). "Review of "… And Ladies of the Club," by Helen Hooven Santmyer". CLA Journal 29: 486–89.
- "Professional Notes and Comment". PMLA 105 (3): 562. May 1990. JSTOR 462905.
- "Xenia High School scholarship recipients". Xenia Gazette. 2014-06-09. Retrieved 2014-10-03.
- Anne Barry, "Helen Hooven Santmyer: 'I Awoke One Morning and Found Myself Famous' (Lord Byron)", Ohioana Quarterly 27 (Autumn 1984): p88-89.
- Jane Briggs-Bunting, "At 88, Helen Santmyer Belatedly Joins the Club of Big Best-Selling Novelists", People, (July 16, 1984) Vol. 22 No. 3
- Quay, Joyce Crosby (1995). Early Promise, Late Reward: A Biography of Helen Hooven Santmyer, author of "...And Ladies of the Club". Knowledge, Ideas and Trends.
- Santmyer, Helen Hooven (1962). Ohio Town. Ohio State University Press.
- Thackrey, Ted, Jr. (1986-02-26). "'...And Ladies of the Club': Helen Santmyer Dies; Wrote '84 Best-Seller'". Los Angeles Times.
- "Happy endings...", Chicago Tribune (Jan 19, 1984) p. N24
- Santmyer, Helen (July 1917). "Little Brother". The Wellesley College Magazine XXV (10): 23.
- Santmyer, Helen (Jan 1921). "The Dusk Comes Swiftly Now". The Wellesley Alumnae Quarterly V (2): 107.
- Santmyer, Helen (Jan 1921). "The Haunted Spring". The Wellesley Alumnae Quarterly V (2): 107.
- Santmyer, Helen (April 1921). "For Old Beliefs". The Midland VII (4): 146.
- Santmyer, Helen (Dec 1921). "Swifter than the Wind Itself". The Midland VII (12): 444–5.
- Santmyer, Helen (Dec 1921). "The Prairie Town". The Bookman LIV (4): 366.