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May 5, 1900|
|Known for||Genetics of drosophila|
Helen Redfield (born May 5, 1900 in Archbold, Ohio), was an American geneticist. Redfield graduated from Rice University in 1920, followed by earning her Ph.D. in zoology from the University of California, Berkeley in 1921. While at Rice, she worked in the mathematics department. She joined the faculty of Stanford University in 1925 and that same year she became a National Research Fellow at Columbia University. In 1926 she married Jack Schultz, the couple would have two children. Redfield retained her maiden name upon her marriage. In 1929 she worked as a teaching fellow at New York University. Ten years later she worked as a geneticist in the Kirchoff Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. Starting in 1942, during World War II, she worked as a lab scientist at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory during the summer. From 1951 until 1961 she served as a research associate at the Institute for Cancer Research.
Redfield studied the genetics of drosophila. Like many women of the period, Redfield was unable to move beyond the role of "research associate" due to gendered discrimination of women's roles in science.
- Publications by Helen Redfield
- "A Comparison of Triploid and Diploid Crossing over for Chromosome II of Drosophila Melanogaster." Genetics. 17.2 (1932): 137-152.
- "Crossing over in the third chromosomes of triploids of Drosophila melano gaster." Genetics. 15.3 (1930): 205-252.
- "Delayed Mating and the Relationship of Recombination to Maternal Age in Drosophila Melanogaster." Genetics. 53.3 (1966): 593-607.
- "Egg Mortality and Interchromosomal Effects on Recombination." Genetics. 42.6 (1957): 712-728.
- with Jack Schultz. "Interchromosomal effects on crossing over in drosophila." Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biology. 16 (1951): 175-197.
- "The maternal inheritance of a sex-limited lethal effect in Drosophila melanogaster." Genetics. 11.5 (1926): 482-502.
- "Recombination Increase due to Heterologous Inversions and the Relation to Cytological Length." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 41.12 (1955): 1084-1091.
- Works by others about Redfield
- Richmond, Marsha L. "Opportunities for women in early genetics." Nature Reviews, Genetics. 8.11 (2007): 897-902.
- Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie; Joy Dorothy Harvey (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: L-Z. Taylor & Francis. p. 1082. ISBN 978-0-415-92040-7. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Helen Redfield (b. 1900)". Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s. Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- Robert E. Kohler (2 May 1994). Lords of the Fly: Drosophila Genetics and the Experimental Life. University of Chicago Press. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-226-45063-6. Retrieved 4 May 2012.