Helensburgh

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For the Australian town, see Helensburgh, New South Wales. For the suburb of Dunedin in New Zealand, see Suburbs of Dunedin.

Coordinates: 56°01′00″N 4°44′00″W / 56.016667°N 4.733333°W / 56.016667; -4.733333

Helensburgh
Scottish Gaelic: Baile Eilidh
Scots: Eelansburgh
Colquhoun Square Helensburgh.jpg
Colquhoun Square in Helensburgh town centre
Helensburgh is located in Argyll and Bute
Helensburgh
Helensburgh
 Helensburgh shown within Argyll and Bute
Population 14,626 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference NS298833
    - Edinburgh  61 mi (98 km) E 
    - London  363 mi (586 km) SSE 
Council area Argyll and Bute
Lieutenancy area Dunbartonshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HELENSBURGH
Postcode district G84
Dialling code 01436
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Argyll and Bute
Scottish Parliament Dumbarton
List of places
UK
Scotland

Helensburgh (Baile Eilidh in Gaelic) is a town in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. It lies on the north shore of the Firth of Clyde and the eastern shore of the entrance to the Gareloch.

Helensburgh was formerly in Dumbarton District, but was re-allocated under local government reorganisation in 1996. Prior to 1975 it was part of the former Dunbartonshire.

History[edit]

Helensburgh was founded in 1776 when Sir James Colquhoun of Luss built spa baths on the site of Ardencaple Castle, which dated back to about 1600. He then had the seaside resort town constructed to the east of the spa on a formal layout in the style of Edinburgh New Town, and named it after his wife Helen. A ferry service he arranged across the Firth of Clyde to Greenock was successful in attracting residents who could commute from jobs there to attractive homes in the new town.[2] Helensburgh became a favourite place of residence for shipping tycoons and tobacco merchants from Glasgow. At one point the small town had one quarter of Britain's millionaires living there.

In 1808, Henry Bell bought the public baths and hotel, which his wife superintended while he continued his interest in early steamboats such as the nearby Charlotte Dundas and the North River Steamboat which Robert Fulton had just introduced at New York City. To improve hotel trade, he had the paddle steamer Comet constructed and in 1812 introduced Europe's first successful steamboat service, bringing passengers down the River Clyde from Glasgow to Greenock and Helensburgh. The Clyde steamer trade developed rapidly, and Helensburgh pier and Craigendoran pier at the east end of the town both became major departure points. From 1858 holidaymakers were brought to the resort and the steamers by the Glasgow, Dumbarton and Helensburgh Railway terminus built in the centre of the town, and in 1894 a second railway station was opened higher up the hill on the West Highland Railway to Fort William.[2]

Helensburgh born coal miner Charles Harper emigrated to New South Wales (now a state of Australia) and became the first manager of the Metropolitan Coal Company before being killed in a mine accident in 1887. In that year, the company took over the mining lease on an area south of Sydney known as Camp Creek. When the coal mine opened the following year, the town was named Helensburgh, possibly named after his birthplace or after his daughter Helen. The two Helensburghs are now sister cities.[3]

Hill House, Helensburgh.

In 1903, Charles Rennie Mackintosh built the Hill House for the publishing tycoon Walter Blackie. The house, in Colquhoun Street on the north edge of town, is one of the best examples of his style, with startlingly modern interiors incorporating furniture which he designed. It is now owned by the National Trust for Scotland and is a popular tourist attraction.

The baronetcy of Helensburgh[edit]

The Raeburn Baronetcy, of Helensburgh in the County of Dunbarton, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 25 July 1923 for William Raeburn. He was head of the firm of Raeburn & Verel, Ltd, (a shipping company) and also represented Dunbartonshire in the House of Commons as a Unionist.

The town today[edit]

Helensburgh's "Rhu Road", looking west towards Rhu, Rosneath and the Gareloch.
Telephoto view of Helensburgh in winter, seen from Greenock to the south.

Helensburgh today acts as a commuter town for nearby Glasgow, with a population at the 2001 census of 14,626, and also serves as a main shopping centre for the area and for tourists attracted to the seaside resort. Helensburgh is also influenced by the presence of the Clyde Naval Base at Faslane on the Gare Loch, a major local employer. The town is a popular destination for day trippers.

The town is served by three railway stations, Helensburgh Upper on the West Highland Line, Craigendoran, on the North Clyde Line and Helensburgh Central, the terminus of the North Clyde Line.

The seafront has an indoor swimming pool, an esplanade walk, a range of shops, cafes and pubs, and sailing facilities including Helensburgh Sailing Club.[4] At Rhu, just beyond the town boundary, there is a marina.

The streets are built on a gentle slope rising to the north east, and at the brow of the hill a golf club has views looking south out over the town to the Clyde, and to the north across nearby Loch Lomond to the Trossachs hills.[5]

The paddle steamer Waverley calls in to Helensburgh pier during summer sailings. Until April 2012, a regular passenger ferry service ran from Helensburgh pier to Kilcreggan and Gourock, (until 2007 the historic ferry Kenilworth was used on this route);[6] Craigendoran pier fell into disuse in the late 20th century.

In a 2006 survey, Helensburgh was shown to be the second most expensive town in which to buy property in Scotland.[7]

The town is used extensively for the local Naval Base, Faslane which is the site that houses the British nuclear deterrent fleet of Vanguard class submarines. The base is only six miles away from the town. A significant amount of income for the town is generated by the base, its submarines and visiting vessels alike.

Helensburgh is home to a number of annual events, with the local branch of Round Table running an annual fireworks display on Guy Fawkes Night and hosting a Real Ale Festival[8] at the Sailing Club.

Sports[edit]

Sports are well represented with various football, rugby, cricket, athletics, netball, hockey, curling, bowling, golf, sailing and fishing clubs amongst others active in the town.

Notable residents[edit]

Jack Buchanan, actor
Bonar Law, Prime Minister
Vice-Admiral Sir Ian McGeoch

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Helensburgh Locality Scotland". General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b Leighton, John M. (1840). Strath-Clutha; or, The beauties of Clyde. pp. 179–182. 
  3. ^ "Helensburgh - History". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  4. ^ "» News". Helensburghsailingclub.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  5. ^ "Helensburgh 18 hole golf club with stunning views over the Clyde and Loch Lomond". Helensburghgolfclub.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  6. ^ "New operator for Gourock – Kilcreggan Ferry". Spt.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-27. "It’s regrettable that we could not maintain the link to Helensburgh. With passengers on that route representing only 7% of the total and the subsidy cost per head being £20, it was simply unsustainable." 
  7. ^ http://www.hbosplc.com/economy/includes/Scotlandposttownwinners2006FINAL.doc
  8. ^ "Helensburgh and Lomond Real Ale Festival | 20th & 21st May 2011". Helensburghalefestival.co.uk. 2011-05-21. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  9. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/major_phil_ashby_qgm
  10. ^ a b http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/9903678/Unseen-Cecil-Day-Lewis-poem-comes-to-light-showing-basic-rhymes-for-schoolboy.html
  11. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/william_auld
  12. ^ "Two Perspectives of Helensburgh An illustrated talk by Malcolm Baird for the Helensburgh Heritage Trust, April 4, 2006". Retrieved 21 March 2013. "My father was born in Helensburgh in 1888 at “The Lodge” which still stands on the corner of West Argyle Street and Suffolk Street" 
  13. ^ a b http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=875:st-columba-church-marks-150-years&catid=91:religion-&Itemid=492
  14. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/dr_osborne_henry_mavor_cbe_lld_md_aka_james_bridie
  15. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/robert_bobby_brown
  16. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/jack_buchanan
  17. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/john_buchanan
  18. ^ Rebecca Garrett, "Helensburgh musician John Butt gets OBE in New Year Honours," S1 Helensburgh, 10 January 2013, URL=http://www.s1helensburgh.com/news/helensburgh-musician-john-butt-gets-obe-in-new-year-honours.html
  19. ^ Bertie, David M. (2000). Scottish Episcopal Clergy, 1689-2000. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. p. 201. ISBN 0-567-08746-8. 
  20. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/horatio_scott_carslaw
  21. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=746:morven-heads-for-stardom&catid=81:the-arts&Itemid=458
  22. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/andy_clyde
  23. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/stephen_conroy
  24. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/charlotte_cooper_sterry
  25. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/james_copeland
  26. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=706:ajcronin-the-casebook&catid=81:the-arts&Itemid=458
  27. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/arthur_drummond_downes
  28. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=56:burghs-victoria-cross-hero&catid=37:topical&Itemid=53
  29. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/malcolm_finlayson
  30. ^ Jaques Waardenburg. 1999. Classical Approaches to the Study of Religion. Aims, Methods and Theories of Research, Volume I: Introduction and Anthology, p244. New York : Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-016328-4
  31. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/tom_gallacher
  32. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/major_john_gilmour_dso_mc
  33. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/norah_neilson_gray
  34. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/sir_james_guthrie
  35. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/william_herbert_guthriesmith
  36. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/john_michael_hammersley
  37. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/james_ballantyne_hannay
  38. ^ "Kenny Hyslop". Helensburgh Heroes. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  39. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6:hazel-often-comes-home&catid=37:topical&Itemid=537
  40. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=763:helensburghs-prime-minister&catid=37:topical&Itemid=537
  41. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/james_jardine
  42. ^ "Deborah Kerr". Helensburgh Heroes. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  43. ^ R.J.Q. Adams, Bonar Law (1999)
  44. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/william_leiper
  45. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/robin_lloyd_jones
  46. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/jimmy_logan_obe
  47. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/ronald_waterson_low
  48. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=246:l&catid=37:topical&Itemid=537
  49. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/david_macdonald
  50. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/helen_macinnes
  51. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/murdo_macleod
  52. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/vice_admiral_sir_ian_mcgeoch
  53. ^ "Bobby McGregor MBE". Helensburgh Heroes. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  54. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/michael_mcintyre
  55. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/alexander_mclean_cameron
  56. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/moses_mcneil
  57. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/peter_mcneil
  58. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/neil_mitchell
  59. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/neil_munro
  60. ^ http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/sport/local-sport/helensburgh-golfer-gary-orr-misses-2618713
  61. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/derek_parlane
  62. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/luke_patience
  63. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=739:reporter-wins-third-bafta&catid=81:the-arts&Itemid=458
  64. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=20:the-1st-baronet-of-helensburgh&catid=37:topical&Itemid=537
  65. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/gordon_reid
  66. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/emma_richards_mbe
  67. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/george_rickey
  68. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/rev_archibald_eneas_robertson
  69. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/patrick_campbell_rodger
  70. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/randolph_schwabe
  71. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/louise_scullion
  72. ^ http://www.golftoday.co.uk/news/yeartodate/news00/sherry.html
  73. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1029:madeleine-smiths-letters-discussed&catid=80:events&Itemid=514
  74. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/martin_smith
  75. ^ "Walter Smith". Helensburgh Heroes. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  76. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/peter_such
  77. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/majorgeneral_philip_thomas_tower_cb_dso_mbe_goc_middle_east_land_forces_1967
  78. ^ http://www.helensburgh-heritage.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=244:the-1st-baron-strathclyde&catid=37:topical&Itemid=537
  79. ^ "Tom Vaughan". Helensburgh Heroes. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  80. ^ http://www.helensburghheroes.com/heroes/kim_winser_obe

External links[edit]