Helicodiceros

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Dead horse arum lily
Helicodiceros muscivorus00.jpg
Helicodiceros muscivorus[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Areae
Genus: Helicodiceros
Schott
Species: H. muscivorus
Binomial name
Helicodiceros muscivorus
(L.f.) Engl.
Helicodiceros distribution.svg
Range of the genus Helicodiceros.
Synonyms[2]

Helicodiceros muscivorus (Dead horse arum lily)[3][4] is an ornamental plant native to Corsica, Sardinia, and the Balearic Islands. It is the only species in this genus.[2][5][6]

The flowers of Helicodiceros muscivorus smell like rotting meat, attracting carrion-seeking blowflies which act as pollinators. One of a rare group of thermogenic plants, the Dead Horse Arum can raise its temperature by thermogenesis. This helps to lure flies into the plant to contact its pollen.[7]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Louis van Houtte (1810-1876) - Flore des serres et des jardins de l’Europe
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ H. muscivorus at International Plant Names Index
  4. ^ D. crinitus at Lemaire, Charles. Flore des serres et des jardins de l’Europe (1849)[dead link]
  5. ^ Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  6. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Gigaro mangiamosche, Helicodiceros muscivorus (L. Fil.) Engler
  7. ^ Angioy AM, Stensmyr MC, Urru I, Puliafito M, Collu I, Hansson BS (February 2004). "Function of the heater: the dead horse arum revisited". Proc. Biol. Sci. 271 (Suppl 3): S13–5. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2003.0111. PMC 1809992. PMID 15101405. 

External links[edit]