Heliopolitan Triad

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The cult of the Heliopolitan Triad was Phoenician in essence but the Romans adopted it when they conquered the city of Baalbeck in the Beqaa Valley of Lebanon. The Phoenician deity, Hadad became Jupiter Heliopolitanus, Astarte (or, later, Atargatis) became Venus Heliopolitana and Adon, the god of spring turned into Mercury.[1] The Romans built magnificent temples for the Heliopolitan Triad in the ancient city of Baalbeck, or Heliopolis, the City of the Sun. Votives dedicated to the cult were also found in the village of Bechouat in Lebanon.