Hell Is for Heroes (film)
|Hell Is for Heroes|
|Directed by||Don Siegel|
|Produced by||Henry Blanke|
|Written by||Richard Carr & Robert Pirosh|
|Music by||Leonard Rosenman|
|Edited by||Howard A. Smith|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
Hell Is for Heroes is a 1962 American war film directed by Don Siegel and starring Steve McQueen. It tells the story of a squad of U.S. soldiers who, in the fall of 1944, must hold off an entire German company for approximately 48 hours along the Siegfried Line until reinforcements reach them.
Montigny, Meurthe-et-Moselle 1944: Squad leader Sgt. Larkin (Harry Guardino) and his men are taking a well-deserved rest behind the lines after conducting front-line combat operations for several weeks. Rumor has it the unit will be rotated state-side and the men are almost giddy in anticipation. During an interlude at a church and later at a tavern, the senior non-commissioned officer, Technical Sergeant Pike (Fess Parker), happens upon acquaintance John Reese (Steve McQueen), a former sergeant who has been demoted to private. Reese is the quintessential troubled loner, managing to alienate himself from almost everyone in the squad right from the beginning. Unlike his jubilant comrades, the prospect of a long break from combat, perhaps the end of the war itself, renders Reese morose. The company commander, Capt. Loomis (Joseph Hoover), is worried because Reese goes crazy when there is no fighting, but Pike comments that he is a good soldier in combat.
Sgt. Pike informs the men that they will shortly be going back on the line rather than home. After much bitter complaining, the men get ready to move out. The remaining members of 2nd Squad include con-man/thief Corby (Bobby Darin), the mechanic-who-can-fix-anything Corporal Henshaw (James Coburn), the easy-going, somewhat-naive kid, Cumberly (Bill Mullikin), and family man Kolinsky (Mike Kellin). The squad has their own mascot, a youthful Polish displaced person Homer Janeczek (Nick Adams), who is not a soldier but stays with the squad in hopes of accompanying the men upon their return to the United States. The morning after they arrive at their appointed post and dig in, the men realize that an unannounced overnight withdrawal of the main American force has left them spread dangerously thin. Finally Pike arrives to explain the situation which only heightens everyone's awareness that any reconnaissance by the Germans across the valley will quickly reveal how weak the American defenses are.
One stroke of good luck is the sudden and mistaken arrival of an Army company clerk, Private First Class James Driscoll (Bob Newhart in his first film role). Larkin quickly puts Driscoll’s jeep to use by having Henshaw rig it to backfire and sound like a tank. Driscoll himself is put to use improvising misleading radio messages for a hidden microphone left by the Germans in an abandoned pillbox (Newhart was noted for his telephone conversation skits in his stand-up comedy routines).
A German raid results in Cumberly's death, but Reese manages to kill three Germans in close combat. So wound up by the combat that he can barely stand still, Reese recommends hitting the German pillbox on the other side of a field filled with mines and barbed wire to make the enemy think the Americans are at normal strength. Larkin decides to go find some help and see if he can get permission from Pike for the attack, but is killed in an artillery barrage. Reese decides to proceed without orders and persuades two others to go along. The attack fails, when Henshaw sets off an S-mine and is fatally burned by his exploding flamethrower tanks, and Kolinsky dies screaming from shrapnel through the back and abdomen during the frenzied retreat.
Reinforcements do arrive soon thereafter, along with Sgt. Pike and Capt. Loomis, who berates Reese but decides not to court-martial the insubordinate private only so he can be at the front of the American assault at dawn. The pillbox fires on the advancing Americans who press on despite heavy casualties. Having reached striking range of the pillbox with the aid of Corby, Reese throws a satchel charge into the pillbox, but is soon wounded through the back and stomach. When it is tossed out by the defenders, he grabs it and, by now gravely wounded, carries it in, blowing up the fortification and himself.
- Steve McQueen as Pvt. John Reese
- Bobby Darin as Pvt. Dave Corby
- Fess Parker as T/Sgt. Bill Pike
- Harry Guardino as Sgt. Jim Larkin
- James Coburn as Cpl. Frank Henshaw
- Bob Newhart as Pfc. James E. Driscoll
- Mike Kellin as Pvt. Stan Kolinsky
- Joseph Hoover as Cpt. Roger Loomis
- Bill Mullikin as Pvt. Joe Cumberly
- L.Q. Jones as Supply Sergeant Frazer
- Michele Montau as Monique Ouidel
- Don Haggerty as Cpt. Mace
- Nick Adams as Pvt. Homer Janeczek
Writer Robert Pirosh, was a former Master Sergeant with the 35th Infantry Division in World War II. He gained quite a name for himself after writing the script for the 1949 film Battleground, about the American 101st Airborne Division glidertroopers’ defending of Bastogne, then writing and directing Go for Broke! a 1951 war film about the famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Soon after Hell Is for Heroes, he created the World War II TV series Combat!. Pirosh based some of the events in his film on his unit being withdrawn from the Vosges area to move towards the Battle of the Bulge with their former positions in the line held by a small force in a then classified deception operation. Pirosh based Nick Adams' Polish character after an actual Displaced Person who followed his unit around.
Originally, Pirosh was also to have directed and produced the film, but he walked away from the project after trouble with McQueen. Pirosh's screenplay was originally entitled Separation Hill but the title was changed by Paramount's publicity office as being too close to the 1959 Korean War film Pork Chop Hill.
Many of the cast were angry over the studio's budget restrictions, which resulted in phony looking props, malfunctioning firearms and the same German having to be killed three or four times. In the last battle scene McQueen can be seen experiencing multiple failures firing the M3 Grease Gun. These malfunctions were due to problems with the blanks used.
McQueen was reportedly furious with his agent for having induced him to sign onto the film and not securing the fee that he had been promised up front and for passing on another movie that McQueen wanted. Thus his angry, detached "loner" look may not have been entirely due to his method acting. Columnist James Bacon visited the set and said that "Steve McQueen is his own worst enemy". Bobby Darin overheard the remark and replied, "Not while I'm still alive." Bob Newhart said that he had been offered the film a year previously and found that the script had changed when Steve McQueen came on board; Newhart believed the original script had been set to feature Darin as the main star of the film.
Parker, Coburn and others in the cast were doing other projects during the making of the film and would repeatedly show up in the nick of time and do their lines without makeup and little or no rehearsal. (Coburn also appeared with McQueen in The Magnificent Seven and another World War II film, The Great Escape).
During the production Newhart's comedy albums were selling unexpectedly well, resulting in higher-fee offers for stand-up comedy nightclub appearances. As a result, he sought ways to have his character killed off so that he could leave the production. The director consistently told him that he would be in the film until the end.
A novelisation of the screenplay was written by Curt Anders.
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine
Several of the guest characters in the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "The Siege of AR-558" are named after characters and actors from this film. These include Patrick Kilpatrick's character Reese, Annette Helde's character Larkin and Bill Mumy's character Kellin (named after the actor Mike Kellin). Other unseen characters to be named after characters from the film include Capt. Loomis and Commander Parker. The episode has a similar plot, where Starfleet troops have been holding off multiple attacks from enemy forces for five months.
- pp.111-112 Rubin, Steven Jay Combat Films: American Realism, 1945-2010, 2nd edition. McFarland, 1 Jan 1981
- "Robert Pirosh - From Bastogne to the MGM backlot". jodavidsmeyer.com.
- Rubin, Steven Jay Combat Films: American Realism, 1945-2010 2d edition McFarland, 1 Jan 1981
- "Beyond Cool: The Acting Career of Bobby Darin". darinland.com.
- p.106 Starr, Michael Seth Bobby Darin: A Life Taylor Trade Publications, 1 Feb 2011
- Newhart, Bob (2006). I Shouldn't Even Be Doing This. New York: Hyperion Books. pp. 148–150. ISBN 1-4013-0246-7.
- Hell Is for Heroes at the Internet Movie Database
- Hell Is for Heroes at the TCM Movie Database
- Hell Is for Heroes at AllMovie