Helland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 50°30′29″N 4°43′01″W / 50.508°N 4.717°W / 50.508; -4.717

Helland
Cornish: Hellann
Helland is located in Cornwall
Helland
Helland
 Helland shown within Cornwall
Population 205 (Civil Parish, 2001)
OS grid reference SX074710
Civil parish Helland
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BODMIN
Postcode district PL30
Dialling code 01208
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
For the surname, see Helland (surname).

Helland (Cornish: Hellann) is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated 2 12 miles (4.0 km) north of Bodmin.[1] The meaning of the name Helland is unclear: it is possible that the origin is in Cornish hen & lan (i.e. old church). The original dedication of the church is unknown but St Helena is now recognised as the patron.[2]

The village is referred to in the Domesday Book as Henland.[3] It was only valued at 10 shillings and only five households are recorded, with one virgate of arable land, 4 acres (16,000 m2) of woodland and 20 of pasture.[4]

The parish has 2,483 acres (10.05 km2) of land.[5]

Parish church[edit]

Helland Parish Church
Helland Parish Church

The parish church is dedicated to St Helena, who was the mother of Constantine I. The church comprises a chancel, nave and south aisle. The tower has a pyramidal roof and had a single bell. The church is pre-Norman in origin but the oldest stonework is probably of the 13th century; however in the mid 17th century the tower became ruinous and has not been entirely rebuilt. The name of St Sinney was attached to a tenement on the southern border of the parish; the Giffards were in medieval times the patrons of the rectory and resident not far from the church.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Humphrey Arundell, the leader of the Prayer Book Rebellion, was born in Helland.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  2. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 108
  3. ^ Gilbert, Davies (1838) The Parochial History of Cornwall. London: J. B. Nichols and Son.
  4. ^ Thorn, Caroline & Frank (eds.) (1979) Domesday Book. 10: Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,24,20
  5. ^ GENUKI: Helland
  6. ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 108