Hellas Verona F.C.
|Full name||Hellas Verona Football Club|
gli Scaligeri (The Scaligers)
i butei ("the boys" in Veronese dialect)
|Ground||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi, Verona|
|2013–14||Serie A, 10th|
|Website||Club home page|
Hellas Verona Football Club (commonly known simply as Verona, or Hellas within the city of Verona itself) are a professional Italian association football team, based in Verona, Veneto. The team won the Italian Serie A championship in 1984–85, and are playing in Serie A in 2014–15.
- 1 History
- 2 Colours and badge
- 3 Stadium
- 4 Derby with Chievo Verona
- 5 Honours
- 6 Current squad
- 7 Managers
- 8 Sponsors
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Origins and early history
Founded in 1903 by a group of high school students, the club was named Hellas (the Greek word for Greece), at the request of a professor of Classics. At a time in which football was played seriously only in the larger cities of the Northwest of Italy, most of Verona was indifferent to the growing sport. However, when in 1906 two city teams chose the city's Roman amphitheatre as a venue to showcase the game, crowd enthusiasm and media interest began to rise.
During these first few years Hellas was one of three or four area teams playing mainly at a municipal level while fighting against city rivals Bentegodi to become the city's premier football outfit. By the 1907–1908 season, Hellas was playing against regional teams and an intense rivalry with Vicenza Calcio that lasts to this day was born.
From 1898 to 1926 Italian football was organised into regional groups. In this period Hellas was one of the founding teams of the early league and often among its top final contenders. In 1911, the city helped Hellas replace the early, gritty football fields with a proper venue. This allowed the team to take part in its first regional tournament, which until 1926, was the qualifying stage for the national title.
In 1919, following a return to activity after a four-year suspension of all football competition in Italy during World War I the team merged with city rival Verona and changed its name to Hellas Verona. Between 1926 and 1929 the elite "Campionato Nazionale" assimilated the top sides from the various regional groups and Hellas Verona joined the privileged teams, yet struggled to remain competitive.
Serie A, as it is structured today, began in 1929, when the Campionato Nazionale turned into a professional league. Still an amateur team, Hellas merged with two city rivals, Bentegodi and Scaligera, to form AC Verona. Hoping to build a first class contender for future years the new team debuted in Serie B in 1929. It would take the gialloblu 28 years to finally achieve their goal. After first being promoted to Serie A for one season in 1957–58, in 1959 the team merged with another city rival (called Hellas) and commemorated its beginnings by changing its name to Hellas Verona AC.
Success in the 1970s and 1980s
Coached by Nils Liedholm, the team returned to Serie A in 1968 and remained in the elite league almost without interruption until 1990. Along the way it scored a famous 5–3 win in the 1972–1973 season that cost AC Milan the scudetto (the Serie A title). The fact that the result came late during the last matchday of the season makes the sudden and unexpected end to the rossoneri's title ambitions all the more memorable.
In 1973–1974 Hellas finished the season in 4th last place thus avoiding relegation, but were sent down to Serie B during the summer months as a result of a scandal involving team president Saverio Garonzi. After a year in Serie B Hellas Verona returned to Serie A.
In the 1975–1976 season the team had a successful run in the Coppa Italia, eliminating highly rated teams such as Torino, Cagliari, and Inter from the tournament. However, in their first ever final in the competition Hellas Verona were trounced 4–0 by Napoli.
Under the leadership of coach Osvaldo Bagnoli, in 1982–1983 the team secured 4th place in Serie A (its highest finish at the time) and even lead the Serie A standings for a few weeks. The same season Hellas again reached the Coppa Italia final. After a 2–0 home victory, Hellas Verona travelled to Turin to play Juventus but were defeated 3–0 after extra time.
Further disappointment followed in the 1983–1984 season when the team again reached the Coppa Italia final, only to lose the Cup in the final minutes of the return match against defending Serie A champions Roma.
Although the 1984–1985 squad was made up of a healthy mix of emerging players and mature stars, at the beginning of the season no one would have regarded the team as having the necessary ingredients to make it to the end. Certainly the additions of Hans-Peter Briegel in midfield and of Danish striker Preben Elkjær to an attack that already featured the wing play of Pietro Fanna, the creative abilities of Antonio Di Gennaro and the scoring touch of Giuseppe Galderisi were to prove crucial.
To mention a few of the memorable milestones on the road to the scudetto: a decisive win against Juventus (2–0), with a goal scored by Elkjær after having lost a boot in a tackle just outside the box, set the stage early in the championship; an away win over Udinese (5–3) ended any speculation that the team was losing energy at the midway point; three straight wins (including a hard fought 1–0 victory against a strong AS Roma side) served notice that the team had kept its polish and focus intact during their rival's final surge; and a 1–1 draw in Bergamo against Atalanta secured the title with a game in hand.
Hellas Verona finished the year with a 15–13–2 record and 43 points, 4 points ahead of Torino with Inter and Sampdoria rounding out the top four spots. This unusual final table of the Serie A (with the most successful Italian teams of the time, Juventus and AS Roma, ending up much lower than expected) has led to many speculations. The 1984/1985 season was the only season when referees were assigned to matches by way of a random draw. Before then each referee had always been assigned to a specific match by a special commission of referees (designatori arbitrali). After the betting scandal of the early 1980 (the Calcio Scommesse scandal) it was decided to clean up the image of Italian football by assigning referees randomly instead of picking them, to clear up all the suspicions and accusations always accompanying Italy's football life. This resulted in a quieter championship and in a completely unexpected final table. In the following season, won again by Juventus, the choice of the referees went back in the hands of the designatori arbitrali. In 2006 a major scandal in Italian football revealed that certain clubs had been illegally influencing the referee selection process, in an attempt to ensure that certain referees were assigned to their matches.
1980s European campaigns
The team made its first European appearance in the 1983-84 UEFA Cup and were knocked out in the second round of the tournament by Sturm Graz. Hellas were eliminated from the 1985–86 European Cup in the second round by defending champions and fellow Serie A side Juventus F.C. after a contested game, the result of a scandalous arbitrage by the French Wurtz, having beaten PAOK Thessaloniki of Greece in the first round.In 1988 the team had their best international result when they reached the UEFA Cup quarter-finals with four victories and three draws. The decisive defeat came from German side Werder Bremen.
Between Serie A and Serie B
These were more than mere modest achievements for a mid-size city with a limited appeal to fans across the nation. But soon enough financial difficulties caught up with team managers. In 1991 the team folded and was reborn as Verona FC, regularly moving to and fro between Serie A and Serie B for several seasons. In 1995 the name was officially changed back to Hellas Verona FC.
After a three-year stay, their last stint in Serie A ended in grief in 2002. That season emerging international talents such as Adrian Mutu, Mauro Camoranesi, Alberto Gilardino, Martin Laursen, Massimo Oddo, Marco Cassetti and coach Alberto Malesani failed to capitalise on an excellent start and eventually dropped into fourth-to-last place for the first time all season on the very last matchday, enforcing relegation into Serie B.
Decline and Serie A comeback (2002–present)
Following the 2002 relegation to Serie B, team fortunes continued to slip throughout the decade. In the 2003–04 season Hellas Verona struggled in Serie B and spent most of the season fighting off an unthinkable relegation to Serie C1. Undeterred, the fans supported their team and a string of late season wins eventually warded off the danger. Over 5000 of them followed Hellas to Como on the final day of the season to celebrate.
In 2004–05 things looked much brighter for the team. After a rocky start Hellas put together a string of results and climbed to third spot. The gialloblù held on to the position until January 2005, when transfers weakened the team, yet they managed to take the battle for Serie A to the last day of the season.
The Serie B 2006-07 seemed to start well, due to the club takeover by Pietro Arvedi D'Emilei, which ended nine years of controversial rule by chairman Gianbattista Pastorello, heavily contested by the supporters in his later years at Verona. However, Verona was immediately involved in the relegation battle, and Massimo Ficcadenti was replaced in December 2006 by Giampiero Ventura. Despite a recovery in the results, Verona ended in an 18th place, thus being forced to play a two-legged playoff against 19th-placed Spezia to avert relegation. A 2–1 away loss in the first leg at La Spezia was followed by a 0–0 home tie, and Verona were relegated to Serie C1 after 64 years of play in the two highest divisions.
Verona appointed experienced coach Franco Colomba for the new season with the aim to return to Serie B as soon as possible. However, despite being widely considered the division favourite, the gialloblù spent almost the entire season in last place. After seven matches club management sacked Colomba in early October and replaced him with youth team coach (and former Verona player) Davide Pellegrini. A new property acquired the club in late 2007, appointing in December Giovanni Galli as new director of football and Maurizio Sarri as new head coach. Halfway through the 2007–2008 season the team remained at the bottom of Serie C1, on the brink of relegation to the fourth level (Serie C2).In response, club management sacked Sarri and brought back Pellegrini. Thanks to a late-season surge the scaligeri avoided direct relegation by qualifying for the relegation playoff, and narrowly averted dropping to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione in the final game, beating Pro Patria 2–1 on aggregate. However, despite the decline in results, attendance and season ticket sales remained on 15000 average.
For the 2008–09 season Verona appointed former Sassuolo and Piacenza manager Gian Marco Remondina, with the aim to win promotion to Serie B. However the season did not start impressively, with Verona being out of the playoff zone by mid-season, and club chairman Pietro Arvedi D'Emilei entering into a coma after being involved in a car crash on his way back from a league match in December 2008. Arvedi died in March 2009, two months after the club was bought by new chairman Giovanni Martinelli.
The following season looked promising, as new transfer players were brought aboard, and fans enthusiastically embraced the new campaign. Season ticket figures climbed to over 10,000, placing Verona ahead of several Serie A teams and all but Torino in Serie B attendance. The team led the standings for much of the season, accumulating a seven-point lead by early in the spring. However, the advantage was gradually squandered, and the team dropped to second place on the second last day of the season, with a chance to regain first place in the final regular season match against Portogruaro on home soil. But Verona disappointed a crowd of over 25,000 fans and, with the loss, dropped to third place and headed towards the playoffs. A managerial change for the postseason saw the firing of Remondina and the arrival of Giovanni Vavassori. After eliminating Rimini in the semi-finals (1–0; 0–0) Verona lost the final to Pescara (2–2 on home soil and 0–1 in the return match) and were condemned to a fourth straight year of third division.
Former Italia '90 star Giuseppe Giannini (a famous captain of Roma for many years) signed as manager for the 2010–11 campaign. Once again, the team was almost entirely revamped during the transfer season. The squad struggled in the early months and Giannini was eventually sacked and replaced by former Inter Milan defender Andrea Mandorlini, who succeeded in reorganising the team's play and bringing discipline both on and off the pitch. In the second half of the season Verona climbed back from the bottom of the division to clinch a playoff berth (5th place) on the last day of the regular season. The team advanced to the playoff final after eliminating Sorrento in the semis (3–1 agg). Following the playoff final, after four years of Lega Pro, Hellas Verona were promoted back to Serie B after a 2–1 (agg) win over Salernitana on 19 June 2011.
Their return to the Serie A started off against Champions League contending teams such as Milan and Roma, where they beat the former 2–1 and lost to the latter 3–0. They lost 3-0, even though their goalie, Rafael, made nine top notch saves. Verona had chances too, including a shot off the crossbar and a shot cleared off the line by Roma. They continued at a steady pace, finishing the first half of the season with 32 points, sitting in 6th place, 11 points behind the closest Champions League spot, and tied with Inter for the last Europa League spot. They eventually finished in 10th place.
Colours and badge
The team's colours are yellow and blue and gialloblu (literally, "yellow-blue" in Italian) is the team's most widely used nickname. The colours represent the city itself and Verona's emblem (a yellow cross on a blue shield) appears on most team apparel. Two more team nicknames are Mastini (the mastiffs) and Scaligeri, both references to Mastino I della Scala of the Della Scala princes that ruled the city during the 13th and 14th centuries.
The Scala family coat of arms is depicted on the team's jersey and on its trademark logo as a stylised image of two large, powerful mastiffs facing opposite directions. In essence, the term "scaligeri" is synonymous with Veronese, and therefore can describe anything or anyone from Verona (e.g., Chievo Verona, a different team that also links itself to the Scala family – specifically to Cangrande I della Scala).
Since 1963, the club have played at the Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi, which has a capacity of 39,211. The ground is shared with Hellas' rivals, Chievo Verona. It was used as a venue for the 1990 FIFA World Cup.
Derby with Chievo Verona
The intercity fixtures against Chievo Verona are known as the "Derby della Scala". The name refers to the Scaligeri or della Scala aristocratic family, who were rulers of Verona during the Middle Ages and early Renaissance. In the season 2001–02, both Hellas Verona and the city rivals of Chievo Verona were playing in the Serie A. The first ever derby of Verona in Serie A took place on 18 November 2001, while both teams were ranked among the top four. The match was won by Hellas, 3–2. Chievo got revenge in the return match in spring 2002, winning 2–1. The city of Verona became so the 5th city in Italy, after Milan, Rome, Turin and Genoa to host a derby in Serie A.
|Hellas Verona vs Chievo Verona||Chievo Verona vs Hellas Verona|
|1994–95||Serie B||10 December 1994||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
||7 May 1995||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
|1995–96||Serie B||28 April 1996||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
||25 November 1996||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
|1996–97||Serie B||11 October 1996||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
||14 March 1997||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
|1998–99||Serie B||19 December 1998||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
||16 May 1999||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
|2001–02||Serie A||18 November 2001||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
||38,356||24 March 2002||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
|2013–14||Serie A||23 November 2013||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
||24,200||5 April 2014||Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi||
- As of 1 September 2014.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- 1982–1986:Canon Inc.
- 1997–1998:ZG Camini Inox
- 1999–2000:Salumi Marsilli
- 2000–2001:Net Business
- 2001–2002:Amica Chips
- 2007–2008:No Sponsor
- 2010–2011:Banca Di Verona;Protec/Sicurint Group;Consorzio Asimov
- 2011–2012:AGSM;Protec/Sicurint Group;Leaderform
- 2014-present:Leaderform;Franklin & Marshall/AGSM
- "Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi". hellasverona.it.
- Bertoldi, Luigi (1983). 80 anni di storia del Verona Calcio. Verona: Editoriale Bortolazzi-Stei s.r.l. p. 11.
- "1985/86 European Champions Clubs' Cup". uefa.com.
- "Punch-drunk Verona fire Colomba". Football Italia. 8 October 2007. Archived from the original on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
- "Tifosi dell'Hellas Verona: 10.442 abbonamenti!" (in Italian). hellasweb.it.
- "Lega Pro 1/B: i tabellini della 34.a giornata". Data Sport. 9 May 2009. Retrieved 8 November 2010.[dead link]
- "Hellas Verona back in Serie A after 11 years away". sports.yahoo.com. 18 May 2013.
- "Stadio Marcantonio Bentegodi". stadiumguide.com. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Verona derby top dogs". BBC Sport. 19 November 2001.
- "Winners". Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A.
- "Italy – List of Second Division (Serie B) Champions". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Italy – List of Cup Finals". The Record Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- "Squadra" (in Italian). Hellas Verona. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- Parks, Tim (2002). A Season with Verona: Travels around Italy in search of illusion, national character and goals. London: Secker & Warburg. ISBN 0436275953.
- Official website (Italian)