IV Army Corps (Greece)

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IV Army Corps
IV Army Corps Greece.jpg
Emblem of the IV Army Corps
Active 1913-1941, 1976-present
Country Greece
Garrison/HQ Xanthi
Motto Τῷ ξίφει τὸν δεσμόν λελύσθαι - Solve the knot with the sword.

The IV Army Corps (Greek: Δ' Σώμα Στρατού, abbr. Δ' ΣΣ) is an army corps of the Hellenic Army. Established before the First World War, it served in all conflicts Greece participated in until the German invasion of Greece in 1941. Re-established in 1976, it has been guarding the Greco-Turkish land border along the Evros River, and thus the most powerful formation in the Hellenic Army.

History[edit]

The IV Army Corps was established by Royal Decree on 23 December 1913 (O.S.) at Kavala, East Macedonia, during the reorganization of the Hellenic Army following the Balkan Wars. When East Macedonia was occupied by Bulgarian and German forces during World War I, the entire Corps, demobilized and forbidden to offer resistance by the government in Athens, was carried by rail to Görlitz, Germany, as "guests" of the German Government, where they remained for almost three years.

During the Greco-Turkish War it was renamed the Army of Thrace and was stationed in Adrianople. In 1922, after the defeat of the Hellenic forces in Asia Minor, it covered the withdrawal of many units to Thrace, and formed part of the Army of Evros.

In November 1940, during the Greco-Italian War, it was renamed again as East Macedonia Army Section (ΤΣΑΜ) joining the rest of the army which was fighting in Albania. In April 1941 it surrendered to German forces.

In 1976 the Corps was reformed in Xanthi and currently is the most powerful formation of the Hellenic Army.

Structure[edit]

IV Corps Structure