St Paul's Church, Hellesdon
Hellesdon shown within Norfolk
|Area||5.24 km2 (2.02 sq mi)|
|Population||11,177 (2001 census)|
|- Density||2,133 /km2 (5,520 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||Norwich North|
Hellesdon has signs of very early settlement. A variety of flint instruments have been unearthed in and around Hellesdon, thought to date back at least 4,000 years. A collection of bronze axe heads were found near Hellesdon Hall and a skeleton dating from around 600 AD was discovered next to Hellesdon Lodge in Low Road.
The Dictionary of British Place-names indicates that the name Hellesdon comes from Hægelisdun (the spelling of the location c.985), meaning 'hill of a man named Hægel', with the spelling having changed to Hailesduna by 1086. Hægelisdun is recorded in tradition as the location where King Edmund was killed by Viking invaders in 869, although there is no consensus on the location of this event.
Hellesdon was one of several manors owned in the fifteenth century by Sir John Fastolf, the original of Shakespeare's Falstaff, and as with other of his properties, his death in 1459 led to something close to a private war between the Paston family and John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk for possession of it.
In the 1880s the railways reached Hellesdon linking it to nearby Norwich. In 1915 Mann Egerton built H1s, Spads and Type B seaplanes in Hellesdon. In the 1920s construction of the Norwich ring road began, making Hellesdon much more accessible.
Hellesdon was the home of the old Firs raceway (home of the Norwich Stars and of Ove Fundin, who was World Speedway Champion on a number of occasions in the early 1960s). The stadium was sold for housing in 1964 which brought the Norwich Stars Speedway team to an end.
The area has now developed into a major suburb of Norwich.
Hellesdon has a number of small shops, an Asda supermarket, a B&Q store, six schools (one high school, two junior schools and three infant schools), and Norwich International Airport. The high school, Hellesdon High School, is a specialist Technology College. From the airport, which is owned by Omniport, flights go to destinations throughout Europe as well as the British Isles.
There is also a community centre for use by local clubs such as Hellesdon Horticultural Association, and a library. The local football team Hellesdon FC play at the community centre. There are three remaining pubs in Hellesdon: The Bull At Hellesdon, The Falcon (currently closed) and The Whiffler. Former pub The Man On The Moon is now the Hellesdon doctors surgery. Another former pub, The Bignold Arms, is now a fish restaurant and takeaway and "The Firs" is now a Tesco Express. Hellesdon railway station closed in the 1950s.
Hellesdon is home to a large psychiatric hospital (Hellesdon Hospital) which has a number of different wards including acute and secure.
The parish church of St Mary dates from the 15th century and is a grade II* listed building.
- Census 2001 Retrieved February 19, 2008
- "Name: PARISH CHURCH OF ST MARY List entry Number: 1170678". English Heritage. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
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