Helme, Estonia

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Helme
Small borough
Ruins of Helme castle.
Ruins of Helme castle.
Helme is located in Estonia
Helme
Helme
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 58°0′55″N 25°53′12″E / 58.01528°N 25.88667°E / 58.01528; 25.88667Coordinates: 58°0′55″N 25°53′12″E / 58.01528°N 25.88667°E / 58.01528; 25.88667
Country Estonia
County Valga County
Municipality Helme Parish
First mentioned 1329
Population (2011 Census[1])
 • Total 167
Website www.helme.ee

Helme is a small borough (Estonian: alevik) in Helme Parish, Valga County, in southern Estonia. It's located only 2 km (1 mi) northwest of the town of Tõrva by the ValgaPärnu road (nr. 6). As of 2011 Census, the settlement's population was 167.[1]

Helme church parish was first mentioned in 1329 during a Lithuanian raid. Most of the neighbouring land was fiefed in the 15th–16th centuries. Livonian Order castle in Helme (Ordensburg Helmet) was probably built in the first half of the 14th century. The site on a steep hill is believed to have been used as a stronghold earlier by Sackalians in the Ancient Estonia. By its ground plan the order castle was 120×60 m oval shaped structure, surrounded by two moats. There was a borough beside the castle in the Middle Ages, it was mentioned until the 17th century. The castle was destroyed by the Swedes during the Russo-Swedish War in 1658. Nowadays only parts of the walls with high window holes have survived.[2]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population by place of residence (settlement), sex and age". Statistics Estonia. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Helme alevik" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 

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