Helmut Lang (artist)
|Birth name||Helmut Lang|
|Awards||Österreichischen Ehrenzeichens für Wissenschaft und Kunst, 2009|
When he was five months old Lang's parents divorced and sent him to live with his maternal grandparents in Ramsau am Dachstein in the Austrian Alps. When he was ten his father remarried and brought Lang back to Vienna to live with him and his wife. Lang moved out of his father's house at the age of eighteen, and began to teach himself clothing design. A few years later he opened a made-to-measure shop in Vienna. In 1984 he closed the shop and two years later showed his first runway collection in Paris at Centre Georges Pompidou. In 1997 he moved to New York.
Lang used unconventional materials such as rubber, feathers and metallic fabrics and redefined the silhouette of the 1990s and early 2000s. He broke away from the runway show-as-spectacle in the height of the 1980s opulence and was the first to ever stream his collection online. As one of the most important designers of our times, his work left an undeniable imprint on contemporary culture and his influence continues to reverberate among the fashion community today.
Lang’s seamless relationship with art has included collaborations with artists Jenny Holzer and Louise Bourgeois. His recent works explore abstract sculptural forms and physical arrangements and space beyond the limitations of the human body. Lang had his first solo art exhibition ALLES GLEICH SCHWER at the Kestnergesellschaft in Hanover in 2008.
Lang has published excerpts from his ongoing art projects Long Island Diaries  and The Selective Memory Series  in a number of publications, such as BUTT Magazine , Fannzine 137 , Visionaire and most recently The Travel Almanac .
In 1999, Lang sold a 51% stake in his company to the Prada Group, with Prada running distribution and manufacturing and Lang controlling design and advertising. Afterwards, Prada developed a line of Helmut Lang accessories such as shoes, belts and bags, and opened Helmut Lang stores in Hong Kong and Singapore. In 2005 he retired from fashion.
This timeline outlines Helmut Lang's work in fashion and art.
|2011||Make It Hard, The Fireplace Project, East Hampton |
|2008||Alles Gleich Schwer, kestnergesellschaft, Hanover ||Archive, 032c Museum Store, Berlin |
|2007||Next Ever After, The Journal Gallery, Brooklyn ||Selective Memory Series, Purple Institute, Paris|
|2002-04||Helmut Lang, Séance de Travail. Paris.|
|1998||Helmut Lang, A/W 98-99. online.|
|1997-02||Helmut Lang, Séance de Travail," New York. |
|1988-97||Helmut Lang, Séance de Travail, Paris. |
|1986||Viennese Modernism. Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou, Paris |
|2011||Commercial Break. Venice Biennale, Venice  ||Austria Davaj!. MUAR, Moscow |
|2010||Not in Fashion. MMK Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt |
|2009||Industrial Light Magic. Goethe Institute, New York |
|1998||Louise Bourgeois. Jenny Holzer. Helmut Lang, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna  |
|1997||art/fashion, Guggenheim SOHO, New York  |
|1997||I Smell You on My Clothes. Florence Biennale, Florence|
Helmut Lang fashion 1977-2005
This timeline outlines the developments in Lang's fashion as well significant attributes of key collections.
|1977||Opens made-to-measure studio in Vienna.|
|1980-84||Development of signature collections and made-to-measure service in Vienna.|
|1986||First presentation in Paris. Shown off the Paris fashion calendar as part of the exhibition "Vienne 1880-1939: L'Apocalypse Joyeuse" at The Centre National d'Art et de Culture Georges Pompidou.|
|1987||Introduction of the first Helmut Lang Men’s collection. Women and Men’s collections are shown together on the Paris fashion calendar. Men’s silhouette marked the return of the narrow and tailored suit shown with the white shirt, back tie and made to measure shoes.|
|1988||Rejects the structure of the traditional fashion show. Introduces the concept of “Séance de Travail.”|
|1990||Introduces layering of transparent fabrics in new materials and textures. New approach towards the treatment of these.||Introduction of Helmut Lang footwear|
|1991||Introduces wet looks, thermal fabrics, paper dresses and Native American influences.|
|1992||Introduces extremely shiny fabrics and textures. Thermal leathers, technical fabrics, padded clothing and body-conscious shapes.|
|1993||A/W '93-'94. Street style / haute couture presented in wool knits, pure cashmere and velvet. Trademark slit and slashed sleeves first introduced.||S/S '94. Introduces cuffed pants, holographic fabrics, holographic sterling silver jeans, lacquered silks, phantom prints, apron dresses, colored tuxedo stripes, stretch daytime smoking coats, raw denim and customized silk dresses. Introduces hand-sprayed shoes and customized dancing shoes.||First separate Men’s presentation. Men’s S/S '94 shown as part of the Paris fashion calendar.||Begins collaboration with Juergen Teller on backstage documentation and advertising.||Lang accepted a professorship at 'Modeklasse', the famous department of fashion design at the University of Applied Arts Vienna.|
|1994||A/W '94-'95. Latex-bounded lace, lacquered silks, smoking coats and suits, nylon veil dresses, airbrushed silks and slash geometric patterns on candy-colored fabrics. Introduced reflective fabrics and nude as staple color.||First show presented at 17 Rue Commines.||S/S '95. "Hawaiian techno,” high-tech and air-tech. New nylon fabrics introduced.|
|1995||A/W '95-'96. “Couture customized”, camel and tweeds, bra holsters, chiffon and faille. Introduces two-color bloc paneling.||Introduction of Helmut Lang underwear.||S/S '96. New take on lace for men and women, delicate materials, electro vibe, visible bras, apron belts and contrast layering.|
|1996||A/W '96-'97. Techno jungle, covered sequins, floral patterns, cargo styles, Japanese Obi style tops and evening dresses. Introduces signature uniform outerwear. Presented with gold blanked covered audience.||Introduction of Helmut Lang Jeans, featuring khakis, chinos, denims, work wear, casual wear, functionals and protective wear.||S/S '97. Introduction of sashes, festive and ceremonial wear, dislodged lingerie, tuxedo accessories and colored denim.|
|1997||A/W '97-'98. Shift toward luxury with the use of classic and pure materials. Reintroduction of fine cashmeres, blended wools and silks. Introduction of funnel neck coats and pleated skirts. Silk tulle, cummerbunds and silk down coated duvet wraps. Definition of new Helmut Lang style with made-to-measure finishing.||Second separate Men’s presentation. Men’s S/S 98 collection shown as part of the New York fashion calendar.||S/S '98. Introduction of A-line skirt and dresses. Usage of crinoline and pleats. Reintroduction of the classic white t-shirt. For men, introduction of the urban utilitarian. Vintage, painted and sanded denim. Introduction of fold-out clothes.||Introduction of “accessoire vêtements.”.||Starts collaboration with Jenny Holzer on all Helmut Lang stores. |
|1998||Relocates company from Vienna to New York. First fashion house to make a transcontinental move.||Presentation of the A/W '98-'99 collection over the Internet. First-ever Internet-based fashion show. Launch of helmutlang.com.’’||Moves the presentation venue from Paris to New York, beginning with the A/W '98-'99 collection.||Introduction of Helmut Lang Eyewear.||Helmut Lang advertises on New York taxi rooftops. ‘’First fashion house to use this advertising channel’’. Features photography by Robert Mapplethorpe and Bruce Weber.||A/W '98-'99. Luxury sportswear translated to luxury eveningwear. Couture-sportwear, volume and silk-furs. Introduction of the signature parka and burnt denim.||For the S/S '99 collection, Helmut Lang moves the presentation ahead of the European schedule (from November to September), having the impact of shifting the entire fashion calendar.’’ ||S/S '99. Utilitarian motorbike pants and arm bags. Flower and phantom prints, washed silver platinum leathers, silk feather coats and peasant looks. Introduction of extensions as major detail.|
|1999||A/W '99-'00. Introduction of interior strap extensions. Introduction of shearing and colored leathers. Pure sterling silver fabrics and anti-stress materials. Introduction of the neck-rest.||S/S '00. Electric colors, training gear attributes translated into haute couture cuts and fabric, silk organza, feather detailing and transparent layering.||Introduction of an extended luxury bag and shoe collection.||Introduction of the signature industrial rubber band as functional part of accessories and shoes.|
|2000||A/W '00-'01. Monochromatic uniforms.||S/S '01. Entomologic and marine biological structures. Austrian “Dirndl” influences, sharp strap compositions and lace-up. ||Launch of Helmut Lang fragrance, Men and Women. Collaboration with Jenny Holzer on fragrance advertising.|
|2001||A/W '01-'02. Opaque and sheer contrasts, luxury materials, organza and leather trim details.||S/S '02. Block panels, patent leather, leopard print silk, fold prints, architectural construction, organza layering and Viennese crochet. Introduction of accessory holsters and fragment pieces,|
|2002||A/W '02-'03. Structured layering, re-worked fisherman knits, monochromatic and metal blocks, combined scarf-tops and further incorporation of movement. ||Moves the presentation of collections back to Paris. Separate Men’s presentations through 2004. Women’s presentations continues to be shown together with men’s.||S/S '03. Surf references, Montauk-inspired, bright Day-Glo colors, bubble-wrap plastic, high contrast compositions, abstracted wetsuit bands, surf tails, cutouts, inside out made-to-measure trousers, laundry bag pattern, zipper surf couture, zipper smoking stripes and rubber signal prints. ||Limited-edition silver choker by Louise Bourgeois. ||Opens made-to-measure studio in New York.|
|2003||A/W '03-'04. “Urban Warrior” vernacular, aviation fragmented pieces, magnetic flaps, petaled organza, layering as clothing extension, interchangeable and modular pieces, one leg smoking chap and parachute holsters. Introduction of chaps for men and women. Introduction of cashmere and fleece fused material.||Collaboration with Louise Bourgeois in the creation of limited-edition pieces. ||Music by Brigitte Cornand featuring vocals by Louise Bourgeois  ||S/S 04. “Dragonfly,” cut outs, battered metal, extended fragment accessories, ornamental pouches, hand wraps, wide color palette, entomologic and urban cowboy references.||Introduction of metallic patent leather in clothing and accessories. |
|A/W 04-05. Eastern European influences, colored shearing, horsehair, copper leather, Hungarian pleats, French maid look, cummerbund tops, drapée holsters, skirt capes, French lace and Russian bark pattern. Introduction of made-to-measure evening dresses.||Collaboration with Louise Bourgeois in the creation of limited edition pieces. ||S/S 05. Maritime, rope and knot detailing, bathing suit trompe l’oeil waist. 1000 eye / pearl pieces, fishtails and sailor pant tuxedos. Introduction of elastic seersucker.|
Helmut Lang's works are part of the following collections:
- Costume Institute at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
- Deste Foundation for Contemporary Art, Athens
- Fashion Museum, Bath, United Kingdom
- Groninger Museum, Groninger, The Netherlands
- LACMA, Los Angeles
- MAK, Museum of Applied Arts / Contemporary Art, Vienna, Austria 
- Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- MOMU, Antwerp, Belgium 
- Musée de la Mode et du Textile, Paris
- Musée Galliera, Paris
- Museo de la Moda, Santiago, Brazil 
- Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, USA
- SONS, Kruishoutem, Belgium 
- The Arts Center, Melbourne, Australia 
- The Museum at The Fashion Institute of Technology, New York
- The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design, Oslo, Norway
Original Helmut Lang stores (until 2005)
This section outlines the development of Helmut Lang stores and Lang's achievements in the area of architecture.
All of the original Helmut Lang stores (select list follows) have been closed. The last one to close was the Paris location in late 2005. Most of the art-inspired stores had been designed by Lang in collaboration with Gluckman Mayner Architects of New York.
- Helmut Lang Munich, Kardinal Faulhaber Strasse, 3, 80333, Munich, Germany.
- Helmut Lang Milan, Via St. Andrea, 14, 20212, Milan, Italy.
- Helmut Lang Vienna, Seilergasse, 6, 1010, Vienna, Austria.
- Helmut Lang New York, Worldwide Flagship Store, 80 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012.
- Helmut Lang Headquarters, 80 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012, USA.
- Helmut Lang Paris, Store-within-a-store, Printemps, 64 Bld. Haussman, 75451, Paris, France.
- Helmut Lang Hong Kong, Store-within-a-store, 228-230 Landmark Central, Hong Kong.
- Helmut Lang Singapore, Store-within-a-store, 9 Scott Road #02-10/11/12/13, Pacific Plaza, 228210, Singapore.
- Helmut Lang Aichi, Store-within-a-store, Nagoya Mitsukoshi, Mitsukoshi Nagoya Sakae 2F, 3-5-1 Sakae, Naka-ku Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.
- Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-within-a-store, Isetan Shinjuku Men, Isetan Shinjuku Men’s-Kan 3F, 3-14-1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo.
- Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-within-a-store, Isetan Shinjuku Women, Isetan Shinjuku Annex Building 4F, 3-14-1 Shinjuku, Shinjuku, Tokyo.
- Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-within-a-store, Shibuya Seibu Men, Seibu Shibuya Annex B 1F/4F, 21-1 Udagawa-cho, Shibuya, Tokyo.
- Helmut Lang Tokyo, Store-within-a-store, Shibuya Seibu Women, Seibu Shibuya Annex B 1F/4F, 21-1 Udagawa-cho, Shibuya.
- Helmut Lang Seoul, Store-within-a-store, 2F, Shinsegae Department Store Kangnam Branch, 19-3 Banpo-dong, Seocho-ku, Seoul.
- Helmut Lang Kobe, Dainichi-Akashicho Building 18, Akashi-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo, Japan.
- Helmut Lang Parfums New York, 81 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012.
- Helmut Lang Studio, 142 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012.
- Helmut Lang Made-to-Measure New York, 142 Greene Street, New York, NY 10012.
- Helmut Lang Paris, 219 Rue Saint-Honore, 75001, Paris.
- Helmut Lang Milan (new location), Via della Spiga, 11, Milan, 20121.
- Helmut Lang (Women's) - 2000
- Helmut Lang Pour Homme (Men's) - 2001
- Helmut Lang Velviona (women's and men's) - limited release available exclusively at New York store - 2001
- Helmut Lang Cuiron (men's) - 2002
- CFDA, Best International Designer of the Year, 1996.
- VH-1/Vogue Award, Best Menswear Designer of the Year, 1997.
- Fine Arts of Vienna, 1997.
- Pitti Immagine Award, Best Designer of the Nineties, 1998.
- New York Magazine Best Designer of the Year Award, 1998.
- I.D. Magazine, Design Distinction Award for Environments, 1998.
- NYC Chapter of the American Institute of Architects: Award for Interiors, 1998.
- Business Week/Architectural Record Award, 1999.
- The American Institute of Architects, Award for Interior Architecture, 1999.
- CFDA Menswear Designer of the Year, 2000.
- GQ Designer of the Year, 2004.
- Fashion Group International,“The Imagineers of Our Time" Award, 2004.
- LEAD Award, 2005.
- Austrian Decoration for Science and Art, 2009
- Bourgeois, Louise, "Louise Bourgeois on...Helmut Lang," Wallpaper, October, 2008.
- Frankel, Susannah, "Helmut Lang," Another Magazine, September, 2010. 
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- Petronio, Ezra, "Front Row," Self Service, June, 2010. 
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- Wakefield, Neville. "Conversation Between Helmut Lang and Neville Wakefield." absolut.com/helmutlang, September, 2008. 
- Wakefield, Neville. “Helmut Lang”. The Journal. January, 2007.
- Seabrook, John (18 September 2000). "The Invisible Designer: Helmut Lang". New Yorker. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- hl-art "Helmut Lang Exhibitions".
- Purple Fashion, Purple Institute, 2007.
- Style.com , Condenet, 2007.
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- Zahm, Olivier Langfroid, Artforum International, October 1995.
- Seabrook, John "The Invincible Designer", The New Yorker, September 18, 2000.
- Boyd, Davis. "Helmut Lang" Fashion Windows . March 2, 2001
- Cressole, Michel. “Une Lancinante Variation en Jersey Zippé" (Review: Helmut Lang A/W 86-87 Collection). Liberation. 1986
- Menkes, Suzy. “The Avant-Garde’s Offensive”. International Herald Tribune. Oct 18.
- Menkes, Suzy. “The Avant-Garde Plunges Back To The Middle Ages”. International Herald Tribune. March 16, 1993
- Spindler, Amy M. “Lang Points The Way to a New Elegance”. The New York Times. March 7, 1994
- Spindler, Amy M. “In Paris, The Outsiders Are Officially In”. The New York Times. Oct 16
- Spindler, Amy M. “Another Sure Step at Helmut Lang”. The New York Times. March 15, 1996
- Middleton, Sharon. “Jeans: The Lang View”. Women’s Wear Daily. November 14, 1996
- Spindler, Amy M. “The Wild, The Seductive, The Hip”. The New York Times. October 12, 2006.
- Prigent, Loic. “Ailes d’Ange et Bottines Rouge Sang” Liberation. Mar 17
- “Helmut’s Angel”. Women’s Wear Daily. March 17, 2007.
- Contemporary fashion Archive, "project: helmut lang flagship store new york with installation by jenny holzer" January 1, 1997
- Foley, Bridget. “The Line From Lang”. Women’s Wear Daily. July 17, 1998
- White, Constance C.R. “No Crush: The CD-ROM Runway”. The New York Times. April 1, 1998
- Foley, Bridget. “Lang Sets Early Date For His New York Show”. Women’s Wear Daily. July 7, 1998.
- Menkes, Suzy. “Fast-Forward American Designers Show Their Colors”. International Herald Tribune. September 22, 1998.
- Menkes, Suzy. “European Designers Score on Creativity in New York:”. International Herald Tribune. September 21, 1999
- Borgonovo, Carmen. “Lang’s New Angle.” Women’s Wear Daily. September 13, 1999
- Armstrong, Lisa. “Enter Millennium Woman”. The Times. December 22, 2000.
- Menkes, Suzy. “Bondage to Graphics: Sex in The City”. International Herald Tribune September 23, 2000.
- Menkes, Suzy. “Body Language, Laud and Clear”. International Herald Tribune. February 20, 2001
- Deeny, Godfrey. “Helmut Lang to Stage Men’s Collection in Paris”. Fashion Wire Daily. May 28, 2002.
- Mouzat, Virgine. “Emanuel Ungaro, Le Sud, Helmut Lang, Le Retour, Le Figaro. October 5, 2002.
- Contemporary Fashion Archive  October 4, 2002
- Menkes, Suzy. “Lang Solves The Puzzle”. International Herald Tribune, March 8], 2003.
- Contemporary Fashion Archive "fashion product: t-shirt and cd. collaboration louise bourgeois/helmut lang" January 1, 2003
- Deeny, Godfrey.”Helmut Lang Goes Into Action”. Fashion Wire Daily, January 27, 2003
- Frankel, Susannah. “ New-Look Lang Embraces a Rainbow of Colors”. The Independent, October 10. 2003
- Menkes, Suzy. “Helmut Lang and His Search For Modern Romance”. International Herald Tribune, March 5, 2004.
- Menkes, Suzy, “Lang: Luxury With a Glint”. International Herald Tribune, January 27, 2004.
- Contemporary Fashion Archive "fashion product: janus in leather jacket. collaboration louise bourgeois/helmut lang" March 1, 2004
- Menkes, Suzy. “Upscale Architecture at Saint Laurent; Dior Revived Grunge”. International Herald Tribune, July 6, 2004.
- Contemporary Fashion Archive .
- Contemporary Fashion Archive .
- Fashion Windows "Helmut Lang".
- Socha, Miles. "Helmut Lang Furthers Asian Retail Expansion". Women's Wear Daily August 4, 2000
- Contemporary Fashion Archive .
- Alfano, Jennifer. "Inner Sanctum". V Man September 2004
- Contemporary Fashion Archive .
- Contemporary Fashion Archive .
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1897. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (April 2010)|