Helmuth Brückner was born on May 7, 1896 in Peilau (Prussia). He attended Volkschule in Peilau, Höhere Knabenschule in Langenbielau, and Kgl. Realgymnasium in Reichenbach. He then studied at Friederich-Wilhelm-Universität in Breslau.
In 1914, Brückner volunteered for the Army and was posted with the Feld-Artillerie-Regiment 88 where he won the Iron Cross 2nd and 1st Class as Leutnant der Reserve and Abteilung-Adjutant. On March 25, 1918, he was seriously wounded while in France. In 1921, he was Ib–Gruppe Nord with the Deutschen Selbstschutz (Freikorps) in Oberschlesien.
In 1924, Brückner joined the NS-Freiheitsbewegung (the NSDAP had been banned after the failed “Beer Hall Putsch” in 1923) and became editor of Schlesien Volksstimme. He also became Stadtverordneter in Breslau, a position he held until 1926.
Brückner organized the NSDAP in Silesia and on March 15, 1925, he officially joined the refounded NSDAP (number 2 023) and was appointed Gauleiter for Silesia. In September, 1930 he became a member of the Reichstag for Wroclaw (Wkr.8) and on April 24, 1932, he became a member of the Preußischen Lantags. On August 17, 1932 Brückner was named Kommissar Ost der NSDAP. It was at this time he also founded the publishing house NS-Schlesien which published the “Schlesischen Beobachters”.
On March 12, 1933, Brückner became Provinzial-Landtagsabgeordneter, Kreistagsabgeordneter and Stadtverordneter. On March 25, 1933, he became a Preußischen Staatsrat and the Oberpräsident in Wroclaw (while simultaneously being given temporary authority of Oberpräsident in Opole). On October 7, 1933 he became SA-Gruppenführer, but on December 25, 1934, he was expelled from NSDAP and dismissed as Gauleiter in connection with the "Röhm Putsch".
From 1938, Brückner was working as an industrial worker in the Heinkel works in Rostock. He was politically rehabilitated.
Arrested by the Soviets in July, 1945, he was confined in a prison camp in Thuringia until 1949, then moved to the USSR where he was also in various internment camps. Official sources give his year of death as both 1951 and 1954, and appear to hide the date and place.
Decorations and awards
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918
- Wound Badge
- Iron Cross of 1914, 1st and 2nd class
- Silesian Eagle, 1st and 2nd class
- “Reichstags-Handbuch VIII.Wahlperiode 1933” (Berlin: Druck und Verlag der Reichsdruckerei, p. 107)
- “Hitlers politische Generale. Die Gauleiter des 3. Reiches; ein biographisches Nachschlagewerk.“ Karl Höffkes (Tübingen 1997: Grabert-Verlag)
- “Axis Biographical Research” Website by Michael D. Miller & Gareth Collins
- Gauleiter: The Regional Leaders Of The Nazi Party And Their Deputies, 1925-1945 (Herbert Albrecht-H. Wilhelm Huttmann-Volume 1 by Michael D. Miller and Andreas Schulz R. James Bender Publishing, 2012.