Helodermoides

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Helodermoides
Temporal range: Oligocene
Helodermoides tuberculatus AMNH 11311.jpg
Fossil of Helodermoides tuberculatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Anguidae
Clade: Glyptosaurini
Genus: Helodermoides
Douglass, 1903
Type species
Helodermoides tuberculatus
Douglass, 1903

Helodermoides is an extinct genus of anguid lizards from the Oligocene of North America. The genus is monotypic, including only the species Helodermoides tuberculatus. Helodermoides belongs to an extinct subfamily of anguids called Glyptosaurinae. In addition to many fragmentary bones, several complete skeletons of Helodermoides are known. Like other glyptosaurines, Helodermoides was covered in small scale-like bones called osteoderms. The osteoderms covering its skull are hexagonal, tightly interlocking, raised, and rounded.[1]

One fossil of Helodermoides preserves a fused mass of osteoderms at the tip of a shortened tail, thought to represent healing after the end of the tail fell off. The tail would not have been able to grow back because the osteoderms formed a thick bony cap preventing growth. The ability to lose a tail, called autotomy, is also present in living anguids.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sullivan, R. M.; Augé, M. (2006). "Redescription of the holotype ofPlacosaurus rugosusgervais 1848–1852 (Squamata, Anguidae, Glyptosaurinae) from the Eocene of France and a revision of the genus". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26: 127. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[127:ROTHOP]2.0.CO;2.  edit
  2. ^ Sullivan, R.M. (1979). "Dermal armor pathology in the tail of a specimen of the fossil lizard Helodermoides tuberculatus". Herpetologica 35 (3): 278–282.