Helotiales

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Helotiales
Chlorociboria Haute-Sève 2010-09-24 10.jpg
Chlorociboria (Helotiaceae)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Leotiomycetes
Order: Helotiales
Nannf. ex Korf & Lizon (2000)
Families

Helotiales is an order of the class Leotiomycetes within the division Ascomycota.[1] According to a 2008 estimate, the order contains 10 families, 501 genera, and 3881 species.[2]

Helotiales is the largest order of inoperculate discomycetes. It contains the famous blue-green cup fungi that makes its home on oaks is known by the genus name Chlorociboria.[3]

Habit[edit]

  • Helotiales is distinguished by its disc or cup-shaped apothecia.
  • Most Helotiales live as saprobes on soil humus, dead logs, manure and other organic matter.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lumbsch TH, Huhndorf SM. (December 2007). "Outline of Ascomycota – 2007". Myconet (The Field Museum, Department of Botany, Chicago, USA) 13: 1–58. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Kuo M. (2004). "Chlorociboria aeruginascens & C. aeruginosa". Retrieved 29 August 2009.