Help:Citation Style 2

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Citation Style 2 (CS2) is a method of referencing Wikipedia articles using the {{Citation}} template. The use of a template produces a consistent look.

The use of CS2 or of templates is not compulsory; per WP:CITEVAR:

Citations within each Wikipedia article should follow a consistent style. Editors may choose any style they want. The English Wikipedia does not have a house style, so it need not match what is done in other articles.

How the templates work[edit]

CS2 templates present a citation generally as:

  • With author:
author (date), title, publisher, identifiers
  • Without author:
title, publisher, date, identifiers

For example:

Dates[edit]

Dates are generally included by three parameters:

  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in the same format as other dates in citations in the same article. Must not be wikilinked.
  • OR: year: Year of publication edition being referenced
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
    • origyear: Original publication year, for display alongside the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics, for instance origyear=First published 1859 or origyear=Composed 1904. This parameter only displays if there is a value for year or date.

Dates formats per WP:DATESNO:

  • Do not wikilink
  • Use month before day or day before month styles and use them consistently throughout the article
  • Access and archive dates in references should be in either the publication date format, or YYYY-MM-DD

Anchors[edit]

Shortened footnotes and parenthetical referencing may create links that will jump to an anchor created by the CS2 template. Anchors are always created but may be modified by use of |ref=. The standard is formatted as CITEREFauthorslastnameyear. For example:

Elk, Anne (November 16, 1972), Anne Elk's Theory on Brontosauruses 
Creates an anchor named CITEREFElk1972.
  • |ref=ID: Creates a custom anchor defined by ID. This is useful where the author and/or date is unknown.

Tools[edit]

Error checking: