^In European French, /ɲ/ is often pronounced [nj].
^The French rhotic varies from region to region, though it is often uvular, especially in Northern France; the more common pronunciations include a voiced uvular fricative[ʁ] and a uvular trill[ʀ] and sometimes [χ] (after voiceless consonants). It can also be a social class marker, a guttural "r" being strongly associated with less educated / working class speakers, and a more rounded, less pronounced "r" (similar to the German rhotic when placed at the end of a word) associated with the upper classes.
^In European French, /ŋ/ is often pronounced [ŋɡ].
^In Metropolitan French, /ɑ/ is often replaced by /a/.
^In Quebec French, /ɛː/ is often diphthongized to [aɪ̯].
^In French, /ə/ is pronounced with some lip rounding [ɵ̞]; for a number of speakers, it is also more front and may even be phonetically identical to the vowel /œ/. In Metropolitan French, /ə/ is rounded and fronted, making it phonetically identical to /ø/.