Help:IPA for Greek

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Ancient Greek and Modern Greek pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Ancient Greek phonology and Modern Greek phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of these languages.

IPA AG MG Example English approximation
c κ κιόλας skew
k κ κατά scar
χ χάρτης car
x χ somewhat like hat, Scottish English loch
ç χέρι hue
ʝ γ γη yes
ɣ γάλα somewhat like woman, but with spread lips
ɡ γ game
ɟ άγγελος argue
p π πέτρα spy
φ φως paint
f φ four
v β βέλος vet
b β boy
μπ μπάρμπας
t τ τάφος stay
θ θεός take
θ θ thought
ð δ δούλη the
d δ duck
ντ εντάξει
h ρως hat
l λ λόγος look
ʎ λ ελιά million
m μ μοίρα mole
n ν ναι no
ɲ ν νιότη onion
ŋ γ άγχος sing
ρ ώρα American English ladder
ίζα somewhat like train
s σ
σοφία sow
z ζ ζωή zoo
t͡s τσ τσάι cats
d͡z τζ τζάκι pads
ks ξ ξένος tax
ps ψ ψυχή tips
IPA AG MG Example English approximation
a α άρτος British English cut
χώρ father
ɛː η ψυχή heir
e ε[1] θεός met
ει εἰμί somewhat like kit, but long
i ι[2] ίδιος like need, but short
πίνω like need, but long
ɔː ω ἐγώ nose
o ο[3] οδός British English: like core, but short
ου οὖν British English core
u ου ουρά pool
y φύσις British English: somewhat like cue, but short
νν British English: somewhat like cue
IPA AG MG Example Explanation
◌́ ´ γάλα ála] high tone
◌̌ ´ ἐγώ [eɡɔ̌ː] rising tone
◌~◌̀ ` μν [men~mèn] low tone
◌̂ γ ɛ̂ː] falling tone
ˈ ΄ άλλος [ˈa.los] stress
. syllable break
Dialectal segments
IPA MG English approximation
ʃ σ shame
ʒ ζ vision
t͡ʃ τσ check
d͡ʒ τζ jam
æ α cat
IPA Explanation
◌ː marks a consonant produced twice as long


  1. ^ Also spelt αι in Modern Greek; αι was the diphthong [ai] in Ancient Greek.
  2. ^ Also spelt η, υ, ει, , οι and υι in Modern Greek. These were pronounced [ɛː, y/yː, eː, ɛːi, oi, yi] in Ancient Greek. The large number of vowel mergers into [i] is called iotacism.
  3. ^ Also spelt ω in Modern Greek.

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