Help:IPA for Korean

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Korean language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles, based on the standard dialect of South Korea.

See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.

Korean consonants
IPA Hangul RR English approximation
b[1] b ball
d[2] d doll
[3] j gee
ɡ[4] g gall
h h hall
j ㅖ, ㅒ, ㅑ,
ㅛ, ㅠ, ㅕ[5]
y you
k ㄱ, ㅋ[6] g, k kid
kk skin
ㅋ, ㅎㄱ k cup
l ㄹ, ㄴ[7] l lip
m ㅁ, ㅂ[8] m mall
n ㄴ, ㄹ,
ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ[9]
n not
ŋ ㅇ, ㄱ[10] ng king
p ㅂ, ㅍ[11] b, p paint
pp spit
ㅍ, ㅎㅂ p paint
ɾ r like Scots r or American ladder
s like see, but aspirated (with more breath)
ss see
ɕʰ[12] s she
ɕ͈[13] ss see
t
ㄷ, ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ[14]
d
t
tall
tt stall
ㅌ, ㅎㄷ t tall
j cheek
tɕ͈ jj badge
tɕʰ ㅊ, ㅎㅈ ch cheek
w ㅜ, ㅗ[15] w wall
Korean vowels and diphthongs
IPA Hangul RR English approximation
a a beta
spa
e e set, Spanish queso
rays, Portuguese peixes
ɛ ae bet, Italian bella
ɛː says, French fête
i i mean
o o core
u u moon
ʌ eo mud
əː between pearl (RP) and pull, with spread lips
ɯ eu like moon, but with spread lips
ɯː
ɰi ui like wee, but with spread lips

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Allophone of /p/ between voiced sounds.
  2. ^ Allophone of /t/ between voiced sounds.
  3. ^ Allophone of /tɕ/ between voiced sounds.
  4. ^ Allophone of /k/ between voiced sounds.
  5. ^ Spelled by doubling the short line on the vowel.
  6. ^ ㅋ is [k] at the end of a syllable.
  7. ^ ㄹ is [l] at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [l:].
  8. ^ ㅂ is [m] before [n] or [m].
  9. ^ ㄹ may be [n] at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are [n] before [n] or [m].
  10. ^ ㅇ is only [ŋ] at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is [ŋ] before [n], [m] or [ɾ].
  11. ^ ㅍ is [p] at the end of a syllable.
  12. ^ Allophone of /s/ before /i/ and /j/.
  13. ^ Allophone of /s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
  14. ^ All are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
  15. ^ Spelled ㅜ before [ʌ], [e], [i]; ㅗ before [ɛ], [e], [a]

References[edit]