Help:IPA for Lithuanian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lithuanian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Lithuanian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Lithuanian.

IPA Examples IPA Examples[1] English approximation
Consonants
b butas labiau boot; beautiful
d du didelis do; adieu
d͡z dzūkas d͡zʲ dziedas adze
d͡ʐ ar d͡ʒ iaugsmas jeans
f[2] fabrikas [2] fizika fool; few
ɡ galva ɡʲ gerai goo; argue
ɣ[2][3] halas ɣʲ[2] himnas between go and ahead
j jauna, ji yes, boy
k kas kiek cool; cute
ɫ labas lietus pill; least
m mama miltai moot; mute
n namas niekas noon; newt (for some dialects)
ŋ[4] ranka ŋʲ[4] rengti sing
p padas pienas pool; pew
r ratas rėtis trilled r, like in Spanish
s saulė siena soup; assume (for some dialects)
ʂ šaukštas ʃ šienas, šis sheet
t tai ten tool; tune (for some dialects)
t͡s caras t͡sʲ citrina cats
t͡ʂ čaižus t͡ʃ čia chip
v vanduo visi vapor; view
x[2] choras [2] chimera loch; huge (for some dialects).
z zaunyti zylė zoo
ʐ žodis ʒ žilas asia
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels
ratas, kąsti father
æː retas, tęsti pat (but longer)
ɐ kas, ta putt
tėtė play
ɛ mesti met
vyras, į meet
ɪ ji, kitas sit
voras chore
ɔ[2] choras hot (RP)
rūta, namų loop
ʊ kur, du foot
Stress
ˈ primary stress follows

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lithuanian makes contrasts between palatalized and unpalatalized consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, [ʲ] , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g The phonemes /f/, /fʲ/, /ɣ/, /ɣʲ/, /x/, /xʲ/, and /ɔ/ only occur in loanwords.
  3. ^ Sometimes pronounced as [ɦ].
  4. ^ a b [ŋ] and [ŋʲ] are allophones of /n/ and // respectively before velar consonants.