Help:IPA for Lithuanian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lithuanian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Lithuanian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Lithuanian.

IPA Examples IPA Examples[1] English approximation
Consonants
b boot; beautiful
d do; adieu
d͡z d͡zʲ adze
d͡ʐ d͡ʒ jeans
f[2] [2] fool; few
ɡ ɡʲ goo; argue
ɣ[2][3] ɣʲ[2] between go and ahead
j yes, boy
k cool; cute
ɫ pill; least
m moot; mute
n noon; newt (for some dialects)
ŋ[4] ŋʲ[4] sing
p pool; pew
r trilled r, like in Spanish
s soup; assume (for some dialects)
ʂ ʃ sheet
t tool; tune (for some dialects)
t͡s t͡sʲ cats
t͡ʂ t͡ʃ chip
v vapor; view
x[2] [2] loch; huge (for some dialects).
z zoo
ʐ ʒ asia
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels
father
æː pat (but longer)
ɐ putt
pay
ɛ met
meet
ɪ sit
chore
ɔ[2] hot (RP)
loop
ʊ foot
Stress
ˈ primary stress follows

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lithuanian makes contrasts between palatalized and unpalatalized consonants. Palatalized consonants, denoted by a superscript j, [ʲ] , are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, in a manner similar to the articulation of the y sound in yes.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g The phonemes /f/, /fʲ/, /ɣ/, /ɣʲ/, /x/, /xʲ/, and /ɔ/ only occur in loanwords.
  3. ^ Sometimes pronounced as [ɦ].
  4. ^ a b [ŋ] and [ŋʲ] are allophones of /n/ and // respectively before velar consonants.