Help:IPA for Luxembourgish

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Luxembourgish language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Luxembourgish phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Luxembourgish.

Consonants
IPA Example English approximation
b Been ball
d Iddi done
f Feier fuss
ɡ Gitt guest
h hëllefen hut
j Jong yard
k Kiischt cold
l liesen last
m Maul must
n Nuecht not
ŋ eng long
p Paart puck
ʀ[a][b] Rack No English equivalent
ʁ[c] Kugel Scottish loch (voiced)
s Saach fast
ɕ[c] Absicht Somewhat like she
ʃ[c] Schnéi shall
t Taart tall
ts Zeitung cats
Brëtsch match
v[d] Wo vanish
w[d] zwee we
χ[c] Sprooch Scottish loch
z Hase hose
ʑ[c] héijen Somewhat like gilet
ʒ[c] Genie pleasure
Vowels
IPA Example English approximation
ɑ Kapp father (short)
Kap, waarm between father and back (long)
æ Käpp back
e[e] drécken Scottish face (short)
ə[e] hëllefen comma (when pronounced without stress)
Been Scottish face (long)
ɛː[f] Stär says
siwen, Kiischt feel (long)
i Gitt feel (short)
Sprooch Scottish goat (long)
o So, Sonn Scottish goat (short)
Tut, Luucht true
u Hutt took
ɑɪ Gebai, deier Australian price
ɜɪ Schnéi Somewhat like Scottish price
ɑʊ Mauer RP mouth
æːʊ Maul Somewhat like Australian mouth
æːɪ räich Somewhat like Australian face
əʊ Schoul RP goat
liesen RP near
Buedem RP cure
ɐ[a] Mauer fun
Suprasegmentals
IPA Example English approximation Explanation
ˈ ckebaatsch ([ˈmekəˌbaːtʃ]) as in battleship /ˈbætəlˌʃɪp/ primary stress
ˌ secondary stress

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Word-final /ʀ/ is vocalized to [ɐ̯], and /ər/ is pronounced as [ɐ]. After short vowels it's pronounced [χ] or [ʁ], depending whether the next consonant is voiceless or voiced.
  2. ^ Some speakers may merge /ʀ/ and /ʁ/ to [ʁ].
  3. ^ a b c d e f [ɕ ʑ] are allophones of /χ ʁ/. [χ ʁ] occur after back vowels, and [ɕ ʑ] in other environments. Speakers increasingly do not dinstiguish between [ɕ ʑ] and [ʃ ʒ].
  4. ^ a b [w] is an allophone of /v/ occurring after /k t͡s ʃ/.
  5. ^ a b [e] and [ə] are allophones of a single phoneme /e/. [e] appears before velar consonants (and can also be pronounced [ɛ]), and [ə] elsewhere.
  6. ^ [ɛː] is an allophone of /eː/ before /ʀ/.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gilles, Peter; Trouvain, Jürgen (2013). "Luxembourgish". Journal of the International Phonetic Association 43 (1): 67–74. doi:10.1017/S0025100312000278.