Help:IPA for Occitan

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Occitan pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Occitan phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Occitan.

IPA Examples English approximation
Consonants
b blau blunt
β gravilh between baby and bevy
d domeni doom
ð unida that
messatge magic
f fàcia frank
ɡ gròs guardian
ɣ agradar between a light go and ahold
k caissa scanner
l lièch long
ʎ familha bullion
m mascle moment
n natura, colomb need
ŋ sang lung
ɲ montanha canyon
p pichon lisp
r rrer trilled 'r'
ɾ malaürós like ladder in American English
s solelh soldier
t temps still
ts trobairitz boots
nuechòla chocolate
z utilizar zebra
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels
a quatre sack
e fetge say (without the y sound)
ɛ mètge sect
i vitz cease
ɔ escòla cause
u Tolosa soup
y luna as in French rue and German Blüte
IPA Examples English equivalent
Semivowels
j ieu yes
w clau swallow
ɥ uèlh as in French nuit
IPA: Diphthongs
IPA Examples English
approximation
aj maire tie
ej rei bay
ɛj glèisa
ɔj jòia boy
ɔw plòure
aw pausa now
ew Euròpa
ɛw benlèu
ja embestiar yard
je oriental yes
fr
lc yawn
ju accion you
iw viure beware
uj soi you yawned
wa qüadragenari wag
we bilingüe wait
st wet
ɥɛ flha
ds war
wi Ls weed
ɥi ambigüitat
IPA: Triphthongs
IPA Examples English
approximation
jaw suau
jej fieiral
jɛj fièira
jew ieu
jɛw camaièu
jɔw buòu
ɥɛj puèi

Local pronunciations[edit]

IPA Examples English equivalent
Auvergnat
v vent valid
œ fuelha blur
ʃ servici shoe
pòrta war
ɥi ajuidar
œj nueit
IPA Examples English equivalent
Gascon
ʒ joença measure
h hemna high
ʃ Foish shoe
yw cuu
wew ueu
IPA Examples English equivalent
Limousin
v vent valid
œ fuelha blur
o còsta between spoke and sport
IPA Examples English equivalent
Provençal
v vent valid
ʒ age measure
œ fuelha blur
bòna war
ʀ Arle French r

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Claudi Balaguer & Patrici Pojada: Diccionari Català - Occità / Occitan - Catalan
  • Yves Lavalade: Dictionnaire Occitan - Français
  • Jòrgi Fettuciari, Guiu Martin & Jaume Pietri: Diccionari Provençau - Francés
  • Cristian Omelhièr: Petiòt diccionari Occitan d'Auvèrnhe - Francés
  • MonOccitània