Help:IPA for Tagalog

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Tagalog language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Tagalog phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Tagalog.

IPA Examples English approximation
Consonants
ʔ galâ [ɡɐˈlaʔ], mantikà [mɐnˈtikaʔ], buang [ˈbuʔaŋ] the catch in uh-oh
b bagay; kabá; libo; positibo; ibon; sanib, Cavite best
d daw; din; dilà; dadaanan; madiin; madre; berde; entremitida; litid; posibilidad dawn
diyan; udyók joy
ɡ gatas; gumamela; lagi; kastigo; masipag gold
h hawak; lah; trabaho heaven
j yupí; mayabang; kahoy; sakáy you
k[1] Bulacan, kapit; keso; yakap; bakal; tiwarík cape, like
l talinò; kalóg; tapal lamb
m madre; lamat; inaasám maker
n nasipát; dadanas; asín need
ŋ ngipin; ingat; dating; lasíng; sink; finger; wing
ɲ anyô; ninyó; kaniya canyon
p[1] piso; tapos taping
ɾ raw; rin; ragasà; rasón; resulta; marami; pero; syempre; dalirì; birò; drayber; poder; holdaper like better in RP and American English
s sugat; paspasan; husgado; isdâ; bass; butas sword
ʃ siya, syempre; kasya, perwisyo shine, cash
t[1] tamís; batà; malapit stand
ts kutsara cats, sometimes chew
tiyák; kutyà, kutsara chew
w lawak; daw; alíw, Davao wow
ɰ sige a bit like w
x yakap; bakal Bach
z husgado; isdâ; basbás[2] zebra
IPA Examples English approximation
Vowels
a batok; bitag; butas; kusà father
ɐ tansô[3] nut
e[4] heto; keso; kalembang; kendeng; hele; depende; mayroon; kilitî; dalirì; akin; bakit; kasí; mabusisì; ngipin; din; rin send, ray[5]
i sinat; ngipin see
ɪ[6] iták, gintô, depende sit
o[4] pompiyáng; papanoorin/papanoorin; katotohanan; bota; pusò; yero; birò bore, talk[7]
u putik; podér duplicate; soon
ʊ[6] ulól, kuto foot, book
Other symbols used in transcription of Tagalog pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable):
tayô [taˈjoʔ] 'to stand', táyo [ˈtajo] 'we'

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c /p/, /t/, /k/ are unaspirated, as in the main European-language origin Spanish and other Romance languages, or as in English spy, sty, sky.
  2. ^ Sometimes an allophone of /s/ before voiced consonants.
  3. ^ /a/ is relaxed to [ɐ] in unstressed positions and also occasionally in stressed positions (Inang Bayan [iˈnɐŋ ˈbɐjɐn]).
  4. ^ a b [e, o] are allophones of /i, u/ in final syllables, but are distinct phonemes in some situations in native words and in English and Spanish loan words and foreign names.
  5. ^ The Tagalog /e/ doesn't quite line up with any English vowel, though the nearest equivalents are the vowel of ray (for most English dialects) and the vowel of send. The Tagalog vowel is usually articulated at a point between the two.
  6. ^ a b [ɪ, ʊ] are allophones of /i, u/ and sometimes /e, o/ (the latter for English and Spanish loanwords and foreign names) in unstressed initial and medial syllables. See Tagalog phonology#Vowels and semivowels.
  7. ^ The Tagalog /o/ does not directly correspond to any English vowel, though the nearest equivalents are the "o" code (for most English dialects) and the vowel in talk. The Tagalog vowel is usually articulated at a point between the two.