Help:Link color

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In Wikipedia, the color of a link shows the status of the corresponding target page. The default colors (in the Vector skin) have the following meanings:

Link style Type Color Color
blue link link to a page that currently exists #0645AD = rgb(6,69,173)     
dark blue link link to a page that you have already visited #0B0080 = rgb(11,0,128)     
red link link to a page that does not currently exist within Wikipedia #CC2200 = rgb(204,34,0)     
light red link link to a page that does not exist, but you have visited #A55858 = rgb(165,88,88)     
brown link link to a very short article within Wikipedia, but only if the user has set a preference option to format "stub" links in this way #772233 = rgb(119,34,51)     
light blue link link to a page at another wiki, usually another Wikimedia project
Note that the light blue color is used whether or not the page actually exists at the target wiki. For example, there is an article about George Washington Carver here on the English Wikipedia, while there is no article of the same name on the Japanese Wikipedia; but they do have an article about about the same man under a different title. The same color is used for external links, as well.
#3366BB = rgb(51,102,187)     
purple link link to a page at another site that has been visited #663366 = rgb(102,51,102)     

Note that the colors in the boxes may appear darker than text of the same color; also, larger or bold text will tend to look darker. Furthermore, the actual color seen by a user will vary slightly according to their operating system, desktop settings, and browser, as well as their monitor and (for low-end LCDs) viewing angle. Logged-in users can also change the colors they see by selecting a different skin or using custom CSS.

Custom link colors[edit]

Make internal links appear a different color for everyone[edit]

You can turn links a different color like so:

*[[example|<span style="color:green;">This page exists.</span>]]
*[[exampl|<span style="color:green;">This page does not exist.</span>]]

Which renders as:

*This page exists.
*This page does not exist.

Or, if you desire existence checking you can try:

*[[example|{{#ifexist: example|<span  style="color:green;">This page exists.</span>|This  page does not exist.}}]]
*[[exampl|{{#ifexist: exampl|<span  style="color:green;">This page exists.</span>|This  page does not exist.}}]]

Which renders as:

*This page exists.
*This page does not exist.

Making links appear a different color just for you[edit]

You can also customize link colors by editing your CSS file.

The standard link selectors are:

  • a:link — defines the style for normal unvisited links
  • a:visited — defines the style for visited links
  • a:active — defines the style for active links; links become active once you click on them
  • a:hover — defines the style for hovered links; links hover when the mouse moves over it

Colors are defined by hexadecimal characters: see web colors.

/* standard link colors */
.mw-body a:link { color: #0000FF; } /* normal unvisited links */
.mw-body a:link:visited { color: #7F007F; } /* visited links */
.mw-body a:link:active { color: #FF0000; } /* active links */
.mw-body a:link.new { color: #FF0000; } /* new links */
.mw-body a:link.interwiki { color: #3366BB; } /* interwiki links */
.mw-body a:link.external { color: #3366BB; } /* external links */
.mw-body a:link.stub { color: #772233; } /* hovered links */
 
.mw-body a:link {color: #FF0000}
.mw-body a:visited {color: #00FF00}
.mw-body a:hover {color: #FF00FF}
.mw-body a:active {color: #0000FF}

Notes:

  • a:hover must come after a:link and a:visited
  • a:active must come after a:hover
  • you need to have ".mw-body" in front of the standard link definition, because otherwise the default definition on this website will still take precedence over what you have defined.
Redirect links

Show redirects as green links:

.mw-body a.mw-redirect {color:#308050}
.mw-body a.mw-redirect:visited {color:#3070A0}
External links
.mw-body a.external {color: #008000}

Other changes[edit]

You can also format the text in other ways.

Text-decoration

This allows formatting such as underlines. For example:

.mw-body a:link {color: #000000; text-decoration: underline; }

Possible values are:

  • none
  • underline
  • overline
  • line-through
font-family

This will change the link font:

.mw-body a:link {font-family: monospace}

Scripts[edit]

User:Anomie/linkclassifier is a popular script that customizes colors to indicate links such as pages to be deleted, nonfree-media, redirects, protected pages and more.