|City charter||17th century|
|• Mayor||Johannes Hecht-Nielsen|
|• City||121.61 km2 (46.95 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Density||380/km2 ( 990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+1)|
|Area code(s)||(+45) 49|
Helsingør (Danish pronunciation: [hɛlseŋˈøɐ̯ˀ]; often known in English-speaking countries by Elsinore, as in Shakespeare) is a city and the municipal seat of Helsingør Municipality on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. Helsingør has a population of 46,300 (1 January 2012) including the southern suburbs of Snekkersten and Espergærde. It is known internationally for its castle Kronborg, where William Shakespeare's play Hamlet is set.
The name Helsingør is derived from the word hals meaning "neck" or "narrow strait", referring to the narrow strait (Øresund Øre Sound or, locally Sundet "The Sound" ) between what is now Helsingør and Helsingborg, Sweden. The Rerum Danicarum Historica (1631) claims that the history of Helsingør can be traced back to 70 BC, but this information is highly dubious. The people were mentioned as Helsinger (which may mean "the people of the strait") for the first time in King Valdemar the Victorious's Liber Census Daniæ from 1231, but they should not be confused with the Helsings of Hälsingland in Sweden. Placenames show that the Helsinger may have had their main fort at Helsingborg and a fortified landing place at Helsingør, to control the ferry route across the strait.
Before the Middle Ages, Helsingør was just a marketplace where people sold goods. About 1200 AD, the first church, Sct Olav Church, was built. A number of convents once surrounded the church, but now all that remains is the church building, today the cathedral of the Diocese of Helsingør. The oldest parts of the cathedral of Helsingør date back to the 13th century and tell us that the fishermen's village, as Helsingør was then, was a town of a certain importance. At least, there has always been some form of ferryboat crossing between Helsingør and Helsingborg.
Helsingør, as it is known today, was founded in the 1420s by the Danish king Eric of Pomerania. He established the Sound Dues in 1429 and built the castle Krogen, which was expanded in the 1580s and named Kronborg.
Notable natives 
- Steen Rasmussen (1955–present), artificial life scientist who coined the term complex systems dogma
- Mikkel Hansen (1987–present), handball player who won the IHF World Player of the Year 2011
- North: Grønnehave (Green Gardens), Højstrup and Marienlyst, Hellebæk, Højstrup, Ålsgårde and Hornbæk
- West: Sundparken, Grøningen, Nøjsomheden and Vapnagård Gurre, Tikøb
- South: Skotterup and Snekkersten and Espergærde
International relations 
Twin towns — sister cities 
Helsingør is twinned with:
- Gdańsk, Poland, since 1992
- Sanremo, Italy
- Helsingborg, Sweden
- Harstad, Norway
- Lake Elsinore, California, United States
In fiction and popular culture 
- William Shakespeare's play Hamlet takes place at Kronborg Castle in Helsingør, whence the English spelling "Elsinore" derived.
- In the 1983 comedy Strange Brew, which is loosely based on Hamlet, the protagonists are given jobs at Elsinore Brewery.
- In Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey–Maturin series, Helsingør fires mortar shells at the heroes in book seven, The Surgeon's Mate, as they sail past on their way to a rendezvous in the Baltic.
- In Philip Roth's second Chapter of his novel Our Gang ('71), Trick E. Dixon in a fictive speech tries to claim Helsingør as US-territory and tries to convince the audience to occupy the area
- In Bret Easton Ellis's novel Lunar Park the street on which the character Bret Easton Ellis lives with his own father-son haunting issues is named Helsingør Lane.
- Several stories written by the Danish author Karen Blixen (or Isak Dinesen) take place in Helsingør, including "The Supper at Elsinore " in her first published volume of stories, Seven Gothic Tales.
- A well-known poem by the Portuguese surrealist poet Mário Cesariny is named "You are welcome to Helsingør".
- Children's author Richard Scarry depicted Helsingør as "A Castle in Denmark" in the book Busy, Busy World.
- The indie rock band The Essex Green recorded a song titled "Elsinore" for their 2006 album Cannibal Sea.
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Helsingør|
- Helsingør Tourist Bureau website (English)
- Port of Helsingør (English)
- Helsingør travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Helsingør municipality's official website (Danish)
- Helsingør Leksikon: Local history wiki (Danish)