|IATA: HEL – ICAO: EFHK|
|Focus city for||Blue1|
|Elevation AMSL||55 m / 179 ft|
Helsinki Airport (IATA: HEL, ICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland with about 16 million passengers annually. It serves as the hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier, as well as a base for Blue1, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Flybe Nordic.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Statistics
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport nowadays is the fourth busiest airport in the Nordic countries, with 15,948,760 passengers having used the airport in 2014. This number makes up for 81% of the total number of passengers in Finland's 21 commercial airports combined (18,880,940). making it the busiest airport in Finland by far. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies that operate at this airport.
The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports. Helsinki Airport was chosen as the best airport in the world in the IATA 1999 survey on the topic. In 2006 the global airport customer satisfaction survey AETRA ranked Helsinki Airport one of the best airports worldwide and according to Association of European Airlines 2005 delay rates, Helsinki Airport was the most punctual airport in Europe.
The airport is nominally divided into two terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into Terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and Terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The non-Schengen area of Terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously. The terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 16–17 million passengers per year.
In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passenger by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Part of the plan was to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but the plan was cancelled in favor of expansion under a single terminal building. In September 2014 Finavia revealed more detailed plans for the future expansion that will take place between 2014 - 2020. The Terminals 1 and 2 will be combined and expanded under one roof with new gates and aircraft stands on the apron.
The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport can accommodate wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A340. The use of three runways allows for efficient clearing away of snow and ice during the winter months to keep the airport open.
There are several airport hotels and office buildings on the grounds of the airport. The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. Several hotels are located near the airport as well.
Airlines and destinations
10 busiest international routes
|1.||Stockholm||Stockholm Arlanda Airport, Stockholm Bromma Airport||
|3.||London||London Heathrow Airport, London Gatwick Airport||
|5.||Oslo||Oslo Gardermoen Airport||
|8.||Paris||Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris Orly Airport||
|8.||Berlin||Berlin Tegel Airport||
|10.||Amsterdam||Amsterdam Schiphol Airport||
10 busiest domestic routes
|Year||Domestic passengers||International passengers||Total passengers||Change|
|2014||2 507 193||13 441 567||15 948 760||+4.4%|
Freight and Mail
|Year||Domestic freight||Domestic mail||International freight||International mail||Total freight and mail||Change|
Connecting the airport by frequent local bus 61 of Helsinki Regional Transport Authority or taxi to the Tikkurila railway station provides access to commuter trains as well as to long-distance trains in the directions of Tampere and Lahti, including lines to Saint Petersburg and Moscow. Bus number 540 connects to Espoo railway station in the direction of Turku.
The construction of the Ring Rail Line rail link to the airport was started in May 2009, with an opening for traffic projected for mid-2015. The new railway will serve local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods. The trip from an underground station under the current airport terminal building to the Helsinki Central Station will take about 30 minutes. Passengers will be able to make the connection to and from long-distance trains at Tikkurila, an 8-minute journey away from the airport on the future rail connection.
There are regular bus service 615 and 620 to the Helsinki Central railway station in 30–55 minutes, and major hotels and railway stations in the Greater Helsinki Area in 15–120 minutes. The chief operator of these services is Helsinki Regional Transport Authority under the "HSL" brand. A direct coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min).
|Means of transport||Operator||Route||Destinations||Website||Notes|
|Bus||Helsinki Regional Transport Authority||615, 620||Helsinki Central railway station (Finnish: Rautatientori)||www.hsl.fi|
|Pohjolan Liikenne||Finnair City Bus||Helsinki Central railway station||www.pohjolanliikenne.fi|
|Matkahuolto||--||Hämeenlinna, Imatra, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kotka, Kouvola, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Lohja, Mikkeli, Oulu, Pori, Porvoo, Rauma, Salo, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa||www.matkahuolto.fi|
- "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 17 December 2009. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, pp. 1–7. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- As of 2010, the official English name of the airport is Helsinki Airport. The Finnish and Swedish names remain as Helsinki-Vantaa and Helsingfors-Vanda.
- Raeste, Juha-Pekka: Lentoasemat pulassa. Helsingin Sanomat 8 June 2014, pp. B8-B9,
- Helsinki Airport
- Finavia is starting a major development programme at Helsinki Airport 16 October 2013
- Helsinki Airport determined to remain an attractive international hub: services will expand under one roof September 18, 2014
- "Helsinki airport introduces world's first passenger tracking system". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
- "How Helsinki airport deals with snow and ice". BBC News. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
- "Finnair adds Chicago-Helsinki route to summer schedule". USA Today. November 17, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
- "Ring Rail Line". Finnish Transport Agency. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
Media related to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- AIP Finland – Helsinki-Vantaa Airport
- Accident history for HEL at Aviation Safety Network