Helvetia, Arizona

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Helvetia, Arizona
Ghost town
Helvetia in 1909, facing east.
Helvetia in 1909, facing east.
Helvetia, Arizona is located in Arizona
Helvetia, Arizona
Helvetia, Arizona
Location in the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 31°51′28″N 110°47′19″W / 31.85778°N 110.78861°W / 31.85778; -110.78861Coordinates: 31°51′28″N 110°47′19″W / 31.85778°N 110.78861°W / 31.85778; -110.78861
Country United States
State Arizona
County Pima
Founded 1891
Abandoned 1921
Elevation[1] 4,324 ft (1,318 m)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
Post Office opened December 12, 1899
Post Office closed December 31, 1921

Helvetia is a ghost town in Pima County, Arizona, that was settled in 1891 and abandoned in the early 1920s. Helvetia is an ancient name for Switzerland.[2]

History[edit]

Helvetia was founded in 1891 for the settlement of workers from the surrounding copper mines. At its peak the city had 300 inhabitants, of which most were Mexicans. In 1911, the mines closed, due to low commodity prices. The post office, which had opened on December 12, 1899, closed on December 31, 1921, marking the end of the town.[3]

Today[edit]

There is not much left of Helvetia to see, simply a pair of foundation walls rising above a floor, the ruins of the smelter, and the cemetery. In the vicinity there are slag heaps and shafts from the mines. Although the town is gone, there are several homes in the immediate area that are still in use, including the Helvetia Ranch.

Geography[edit]

Helvetia is located in the Santa Rita Mountains, north of Madera Canyon, at 31°51′28″N 110°47′17″W / 31.85778°N 110.78806°W / 31.85778; -110.78806.[1]

The Rosemont project[edit]

The Rosemont project is a large porphyry copper deposit nearby, which may be developed into a mine as early as 2013. There is an extensive area of porphyry copper mineralization between Helvetia and the ghost town of Rosemont. Four centers of potentially economic copper mineralization are known. The best-delineated deposit is the Rosemont,[4] which has a geological ore reserve of around 550 million tons at about 0.45% copper, with significant molybdenum and silver credits. Rosemont is presently (2010) owned by Augusta Resources. Augusta hopes to put the Rosemont into production as early as 2011. The Rosemont Copper plan is to create a 21st-century mine in Southern Arizona. Rosemont’s plan will set new higher standards for environmental protection by using new technologies for water conservation and tailings storage. In addition Rosemont Copper will produce more than 2,900 jobs annually for the state of Arizona and will create more than $19 billion in economic activity.[5]

Rosemont Copper's plan is currently being reviewed by numerous local, state, and federal authorities and will only be issued permits to operate once all environmental protections are in place.

There is significant local opposition to the construction of the mine, including concerns about the loss of the multiple historic and pre-historic sites that are in the area, cultural resources, and natural habitation.[6][7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Helvetia
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 154. 
  3. ^ Sherman, James E.; Barbara H. Sherman (1969). "Helvetia". Ghost Towns of Arizona (First ed.). University of Oklahoma Press. p. 78. ISBN 0-8061-0843-6. 
  4. ^ Helvetia Area Porphyry Systems by Sal Anzalone, Arizona Geological Society Digest 20, 1995
  5. ^ Augusta Resources, Rosemont Project
  6. ^ "Rosemont mine faces mounting opposition", Green Valley News, June 12, 2009
  7. ^ "Rosemont mine benefits are small, short-term, negatives lasting, costly" op-ed, Arizona Daily Star, March 9, 2010

External links[edit]

Media related to Helvetia, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.