Hemşin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hemşin
Hemşin is located in Turkey
Hemşin
Hemşin
Coordinates: 41°03′01″N 40°54′06″E / 41.05028°N 40.90167°E / 41.05028; 40.90167Coordinates: 41°03′01″N 40°54′06″E / 41.05028°N 40.90167°E / 41.05028; 40.90167
Country Turkey
Province Rize
Government
 • Mayor Halim Kazım Bekar (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Caner Akgün
Area[1]
 • District 176.16 km2 (68.02 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 1,235
 • District 2,022
 • District density 11/km2 (30/sq mi)
Post code 5355x
Website www.hemsin.bel.tr

Hemşin ( Armenian: Համշէն (Hamshen) or Համամաշէն (Hamamashen; literally meaning Hamam's Hamlet); Laz: ზუგა/Zuga; Georgian: ზუგა/Zuga; also known as Tambur) is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 57 km from the city of Rize.

Hemşin is a district of green hills 19 km inland from the Black Sea.

Climate[edit]

Hemşin has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Hemşin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.4
(39.9)
6.4
(43.5)
10.8
(51.4)
14.6
(58.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
18.5
(65.3)
14.2
(57.6)
9.9
(49.8)
6.0
(42.8)
12.5
(54.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 139
(5.47)
107
(4.21)
94
(3.7)
77
(3.03)
78
(3.07)
109
(4.29)
86
(3.39)
106
(4.17)
136
(5.35)
174
(6.85)
156
(6.14)
161
(6.34)
1,423
(56.01)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

History[edit]

Main article: Rize Province

As part of the Rize province, Hemshin had been a refuge for some Cimmerians and was a site of early Greek settlements and once part of the Roman Empire and the succeeding Byzantine Empire.

Demographics[edit]

Main article: Hemshin peoples

The Hemshin peoples (Armenian: Համշէնցիներ Hamshentsiner) or Hemshinli (Turkish: Hemşinli) also known as Hamshenis or Homshentsi,[4] are a diverse group of peoples who in the past or present have been affiliated with the Hemşin district in the province of Rize, Turkey.[5][6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Climate: Hemşin". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Bert Vaux, Hemshinli: The Forgotten Black Sea Armenians, Harvard University, 2001 p. 1
  5. ^ Bert Vaux. Hemshinli: The Forgotten Black Sea Armenians. Cambridge: Harvard University, 2001, pp. 1-2, 4-5.
  6. ^ Peter Alford Andrews, Ethnic Groups in the Republic of Turkey. Wiesbaden, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1989, pp. 476-477, 483-485, 491.
  7. ^ Simonian, Hovann H. "Hemshin from Islamicization to the End of the Nineteenth Century" in The Hemshin: History, society and identity in the Highlands of Northeast Turkey. Hovann H. Simonian (ed.) London: Routledge, 2007, p. 80.
  8. ^ Hachikian, Hagop. "Notes on the Historical Geography and Present Territorial Distribution of the Hemshinili", in The Hemshin, pp. 146-147.

External links[edit]