Hemşin

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Hemşin
Hemşin is located in Turkey
Hemşin
Hemşin
Coordinates: 41°03′01″N 40°54′06″E / 41.05028°N 40.90167°E / 41.05028; 40.90167Coordinates: 41°03′01″N 40°54′06″E / 41.05028°N 40.90167°E / 41.05028; 40.90167
Country Turkey
Province Rize
Government
 • Mayor Halim Kazım Bekar (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Caner Akgün
Area[1]
 • District 176.16 km2 (68.02 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 1,235
 • District 2,022
 • District density 11/km2 (30/sq mi)
Post code 5355x
Website www.hemsin.bel.tr

Hemşin (Armenian: Համշէն Hamshen or Համամաշէն Hamamashen, literally "Hamam's Hamlet"; Laz and Georgian: ზუგა Zuga; also known as Tambur) is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 57 km from the city of Rize.

Hemşin is a district of green hills 19 km inland from the Black Sea. The area is the ethnic homeland of the Hemshin peoples of Turkey.

History[edit]

Main article: Rize Province

As part of the Rize province, Hemshin had been a refuge for some Cimmerians and was a site of early Greek settlements and once part of the Roman Empire and the succeeding Byzantine Empire.

In the 8th century, Prince Hamam, his father Prince Shapuh Amatuni, and their people migrated north to the Black Sea region in order to escape Arab invasions of Vaspurakan. They settled in the ruined city of Tambur and its surrounding villages. Prince Hamam rebuilt the city and named it Hamamshen ("Hamam's hamlet" in Armenian), this becoming the nucleus of the modern district.

This Principality of Hamamshen existed until the 14th century, when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

Demographics[edit]

Main article: Hemshin peoples

The Hemshin peoples (Armenian: Համշէնցիներ Hamshentsiner; Turkish: Hemşinliler) are a diverse group of peoples who in the past or present have been affiliated with the region.[3][4][5][6]

Climate[edit]

Hemşin has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Hemşin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.4
(39.9)
6.4
(43.5)
10.8
(51.4)
14.6
(58.3)
18.4
(65.1)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
18.5
(65.3)
14.2
(57.6)
9.9
(49.8)
6.0
(42.8)
12.5
(54.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 139
(5.47)
107
(4.21)
94
(3.7)
77
(3.03)
78
(3.07)
109
(4.29)
86
(3.39)
106
(4.17)
136
(5.35)
174
(6.85)
156
(6.14)
161
(6.34)
1,423
(56.01)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Bert Vaux. Hemshinli: The Forgotten Black Sea Armenians. Cambridge: Harvard University, 2001, pp. 1-2, 4-5.
  4. ^ Peter Alford Andrews, Ethnic Groups in the Republic of Turkey. Wiesbaden, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 1989, pp. 476-477, 483-485, 491.
  5. ^ Simonian, Hovann H. "Hemshin from Islamicization to the End of the Nineteenth Century" in The Hemshin: History, society and identity in the Highlands of Northeast Turkey. Hovann H. Simonian (ed.) London: Routledge, 2007, p. 80.
  6. ^ Hachikian, Hagop. "Notes on the Historical Geography and Present Territorial Distribution of the Hemshinili", in The Hemshin, pp. 146-147.
  7. ^ "Climate: Hemşin". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 

External links[edit]