Hemaris tityus

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Hemaris tityus
Sphinx pervenche 2w.JPG
Hemaris tityus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Hemaris
Species: H. tityus
Binomial name
Hemaris tityus
(Linnaeus, 1758)[1]
  • Sphinx tityus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sphinx musca Retzius, 1783
  • Sphinx bombyliformis Linnaeus, 1758
  • Macroglossa scabiosae Zeller, 1869
  • Macroglossa knautiae Zeller, 1869
  • Hemaris tityus reducta Closs, 1917
  • Hemaris tityus karaugomica Wojtusiak & Niesiolowski, 1946
  • Hemaris tityus flavescens Cockayne, 1953
  • Haemorrhagia tityus ferrugineus Stephan, 1924

Hemaris tityus, the narrow-bordered bee hawk-moth has a wide range, from Ireland across temperate Europe to the Ural Mountains, western Siberia, Novosibirsk and the Altai. It is also known from the Tian Shan eastwards across Mongolia to north-eastern China and southwards to Tibet. There is a separate population found from Turkey to northern Iran.

It appears in May and June and is a lively day-flier (unlike most other sphingids), generally active from mid-morning to mid-afternoon.[2] 'Hemaris' comes from the Greek Hemera, which means 'the day'.[3]

It frequents marshy woodland and damp moorland, and has a wide distribution across temperate Europe and Western Asia, but is generally quite scarce.

The larvae feed on devil's-bit scabious (Succisa pratensis) and field scabious (Knautia arvensis). Wingspan 40–50 millimetres (1.6–2.0 in).

British Isles[edit]

It is one of two similar species of sphingid moth occurring in Britain that closely mimic a bumblebee. It is distinguished from Hemaris fuciformis by the narrow band of scaling along the outer wing margin and the presence of the undivided forewing cell.


External links[edit]


  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  2. ^ "''Hemaris tityus''". Tpittaway.tripod.com. Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  3. ^ [1] Fact sheet from butterfly conservation