Hemi-icosahedron

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Hemi-icosahedron
Hemi-icosahedron.png
Type abstract regular polyhedron
globally projective polyhedron
Faces 10 triangles
Edges 15
Vertices 6
Vertex configuration 3.3.3.3.3
Symmetry group A5, order 60
Dual polyhedron hemi-dodecahedron
Properties non-orientable
Euler characteristic 1

A hemi-icosahedron is an abstract regular polyhedron, containing half the faces of a regular icosahedron. It can be realized as a projective polyhedron (a tessellation of the real projective plane by 10 triangles), which can be visualized by constructing the projective plane as a hemisphere where opposite points along the boundary are connected and dividing the hemisphere into three equal parts.

It has 10 triangular faces, 15 edges, and 6 vertices. It has the same vertices and edges as the 5-dimensional polytope, the 5-simplex, but only contains half of the (20) faces.

It is also related to the nonconvex uniform polyhedron, the tetrahemihexahedron, which could be topologically identical to the hemi-icosahedron if each of the 3 square faces were divided into two triangles.

The complete graph K6[edit]

From the point of view of graph theory this is an embedding of K_6 (the complete graph with 6 vertices) on a real projective plane. With this embedding, the dual graph is the Petersen graph --- see hemi-dodecahedron.

The complete graph K6 represents the 6 vertices and 15 edges of the hemi-icosahedron

See also[edit]

References[edit]