Hemphillian

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The Hemphillian North American Stage on the geologic timescale is the North American faunal stage according to the North American Land Mammal Ages chronology (NALMA), typically set from 10,300,000 to 4,900,000 years BP, a period of 5.4 million years.[1] It is usually considered to overlap the Tortonian epoch of the Late Miocene and Zanclean epoch of the Early Pliocene. The Hemphillian is preceded by the Clarendonian and followed by the Blancan NALMA stages.

The Hemphillian can be further divided into the substages of:

  • Late/Upper Hemphillian: Lower boundary source of the base of the Hemphillian (approximate).
  • late Early Hemphillian: Lower boundary source of the base of the Hemphillian (approximate). Upper boundary source: base of Blancan (approximate).
  • early Early Hemphillian: Upper boundary source: base of Blancan (approximate).


Neogene Period
Miocene Pliocene
Aquitanian |Burdigalian
Langhian | Serravallian
Tortonian | Messinian
Zanclean | Piacenzian
Quaternary
Pleistocene Holocene
Early | Middle | Late Preboreal | Boreal |
Atlantic | Subboreal | Subatlantic

References[edit]