Hempstead County, Arkansas

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Hempstead County, Arkansas
Hempstead County Courthouse 001.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Hempstead County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 15, 1818
Named for Edward Hempstead
Seat Hope
Largest city Hope
Area
 • Total 741 sq mi (1,919 km2)
 • Land 728 sq mi (1,886 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 1.8%
Population
 • (2010) 22,609
 • Density 31/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hempstead County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,609.[1] The county seat is Hope.[2] Hempstead County is Arkansas's fourth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Pulaski counties. The county is named for Edward Hempstead,[3] a delegate to the U.S. Congress from the Missouri Territory, which included present-day Arkansas at the time. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Historic Washington State Park is located in Hempstead County some nine miles northwest of Hope in the historic village of Washington, Arkansas. The state park opened in 1973 as "Old Washington Historic State Park", but the "Old" was dropped from the name in 2006. The park offers walking tours of the historic village, which contains more than a dozen historic structures from the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Geography[edit]

Veterans Monument in front of current 1939 Hempstead County Courthouse in Hope

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 741 square miles (1,920 km2), of which 728 square miles (1,890 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (1.8%) is water.[4] Hempstead County is alternately considered as part of the greater regions of South Arkansas or Southwest Arkansas.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,512
1840 4,921 95.9%
1850 7,672 55.9%
1860 13,989 82.3%
1870 13,768 −1.6%
1880 19,015 38.1%
1890 22,796 19.9%
1900 24,101 5.7%
1910 28,285 17.4%
1920 31,602 11.7%
1930 30,847 −2.4%
1940 32,770 6.2%
1950 25,080 −23.5%
1960 19,661 −21.6%
1970 19,308 −1.8%
1980 23,635 22.4%
1990 21,621 −8.5%
2000 23,587 9.1%
2010 22,609 −4.1%
Est. 2013 22,474 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Hempstead County[9]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] there were 23,587 people, 8,959 households, and 6,378 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 10,166 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.28% White, 30.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. 8.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,959 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 15.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,622, and the median income for a family was $34,082. Males had a median income of $25,830 versus $17,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,103. About 16.00% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.20% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

The 1874 Hempstead County Courthouse in the historic village of Washington is now the visitors center for Historic Washington State Park.
The upper floor courtroom in the former Hempstead County Courthouse in Washington, Arkansas

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Hempstead County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 154. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Hempstead County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05081_little_river/BAS11C20508100000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
  12. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 

Coordinates: 33°44′37″N 93°39′49″W / 33.74361°N 93.66361°W / 33.74361; -93.66361