Hemsworth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°36′50″N 1°21′14″W / 53.614°N 1.354°W / 53.614; -1.354

Hemsworth
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hemsworth in West Yorkshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
Electorate 73,487 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements South Wakefield, Hemsworth and Featherstone
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Jon Trickett (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Barnsley and Osgoldcross
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Hemsworth is a constituency[n 1] in West Yorkshire represented in the House of Commons since 1996 by Jon Trickett of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency comprises former coal mining towns and villages that also provided some of the workforce for the manufacturing bases of the town of Barnsley to the south and cities of Wakefield and Leeds to the northwest, and constituents still today in numbers commute to these as a satellite area. Nearby to the east over the border in North Yorkshire is one of six functional coal mines and only three deep mines in major production, Kellingley. It is the longest held seat by the Labour Party, having elected its first Labour MP in 1918, and been in continuous existence since that date.

History[edit]

From the 1966 to February 1974 general elections (inclusive), Hemsworth was the safest seat for any party in the UK: the Labour vote had peaked in 1966 at 85.39%[2] and consistently exceeded 80% from 1935 until October 1974 when the Liberal Party contested the seat for the first time since 1923. Successive boundary changes the removed certain ex-mining communities to the new Barnsley East constituency in 1983 and the addition of the highest income part of Wakefield[n 3] in 1997 slightly reduced Labour's dominance but most recent results show the seat remains a stronghold.

Present member

The incumbent member at Westminster is Jon Trickett, former Leader of City of Leeds Council.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency covers the towns of Hemsworth, Featherstone, South Kirkby & Moorthorpe and South Elmsall plus the southern part of Wakefield (Sandal, Agbrigg, Belle Vue) and the villages of Ackworth, Crofton, Upton, Sharlston, Walton and Notton in the City of Wakefield district.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1918 John Guest Labour
1931 Gabriel Price Labour
1934 by-election George Griffiths Labour
1946 by-election Horace Holmes Labour
1959 Alan Beaney Labour
Feb 1974 Alec Woodall Labour
1987 George Buckley Labour
1991 by-election Derek Enright Labour
1996 by-election Jon Trickett Labour

Elections[edit]

1910s | 1920s | 1930s | 1940s | 1950s | 1960s | 1970s | 1980s | 1990s | 2000s

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Hemsworth[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Hedley Trickett 20,506 46.8 -11.9
Conservative Ann Elizabeth Myatt 10,662 24.3 +2.2
Liberal Democrat Alan Belmore 5,667 12.9 -2.8
Independent Ian Womersley 3,946 9.0 N/A
BNP Ian Ashley Kitchen 3,059 7.0 N/A
Majority 9,844 22.5
Turnout 43,840 60.4 +6.1
Labour hold Swing -7.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Trickett 21,630 58.8 −6.6
Conservative Jonathan Mortimer 8,149 22.1 +1.1
Liberal Democrat David Hall-Matthews 5,766 15.7 +4.4
Veritas John Burdon 1,247 3.4 N/A
Majority 13,481 36.6
Turnout 36,792 54.6 +2.8
Labour hold Swing -3.85
General Election 2001: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Trickett 23,036 65.4 −5.2
Conservative Elizabeth Truss 7,400 21.0 +3.2
Liberal Democrat Ed Waller 3,990 11.3 +2.5
Socialist Labour Paul Turek 801 2.3 N/A
Majority 15,636 44.4
Turnout 35,227 51.8 −16.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Trickett 32,088 70.6 -1.6[n 4]
Conservative Norman Hazel 8,096 17.8 -0.8
Liberal Democrat Jacqueline Kirby 4,033 8.9 -1.6
Referendum Party Derek Irvine 1,260 2.8 N/A
Majority 23,992 52.8
Turnout 45,477 67.9 -8.0
Labour hold Swing -0.8
Hemsworth by-election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jon Trickett 15,817 71.9 +1.1
Conservative Norman Hazell 1,942 8.8 -9.8
Liberal Democrat David Ridgeway 1,516 6.9 -3.7
Socialist Labour Brenda Nixon 1,193 5.4
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 652 3.0
UKIP Peter Davies 455 2.1
Green Peg Alexander 157 0.7
Independent Mark Thomas 122 0.6
National Democrats Michael Cooper 111 0.5
Natural Law Dianne Leighton 28 0.1
Majority 13,875 63.1
Turnout 39.5
Labour hold Swing +5.43
General Election 1992: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Enright 29,942 70.8
Conservative Garnet Harrison 7,867 18.6
Liberal Democrat Valerie Megson 4,459 10.5
Majority 22,075
Turnout 75.9
Labour hold Swing
Hemsworth by-election, 1991
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Derek Enright 15,895 66.3
Liberal Democrat Valerie Megson 4,808 20.1
Conservative Garnet Harrison 2,512 10.5
Independent Labour Paul Ablett 648 2.7
Corrective Party Timothy Smith 108 0.45
Majority 11,097 46.3
Turnout 23,971
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Buckley 27,859 66.99
Conservative Edward Garnier 7,159 17.21
Liberal JD Wooffindin 6,568 15.79
Majority 20,700 49.78
Turnout 75.68
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alec Woodall 22,081 59.26
Liberal JD Wooffindin 7,891 21.18
Conservative D Williamson 7,291 19.57
Majority 14,190 38.08
Turnout 68.60
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alec Woodall 36,509 69.61
Conservative J Whitfield 10,466 19.95
Liberal T Fussey 5,474 10.44
Majority 26,043 49.65
Turnout 73.27
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alec Woodall 37,467 76.51
Conservative P Carvis 5,895 12.04
Liberal R Taylor 5,607 11.45
Majority 31,572 64.47
Turnout 70.15
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alec Woodall 44,093 82.81
Conservative RF Kerr 9,152 17.19
Majority 34,941 65.62
Turnout 77.13
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Beaney 40,013 80.76
Conservative MC Tucker 9,534 19.24
Majority 30,479 61.52
Turnout 71.89
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Beaney 41,887 85.39
Conservative CWR Pickthorn 7,165 14.61
Majority 34,722 70.79
Turnout 76.02
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Beaney 42,528 83.07
Conservative JRM Keatley 8,667 16.93
Majority 33,861 66.14
Turnout 78.81
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Beaney 45,153 82.18
Conservative WH Leay 9,788 17.82
Majority 35,365 64.37
Turnout 83.62
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace Edwin Holmes 42,603 83.27
Conservative WL Leay 8,561 16.73
Majority 34,042 66.54
Turnout 79.87
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace Edwin Holmes 47,402 82.71
Conservative GW Proudfoot 9,911 17.29
Majority 37,491 65.41
Turnout 85.07
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Hemsworth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace Edwin Holmes 47,934 82.38
Liberal National J Asquith 10,254 17.62
Majority 37,680 64.76
Turnout 88.21
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Hemsworth by-election, 1946[6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Horace Edwin Holmes unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1945: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 51,485

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Arthur Griffiths 33,984 81.4 +1.3
Conservative R. W. P. Dawson 7,778 18.6 −1.3
Majority 26,206 62.8 +2.6
Turnout 41,762 80.8 +8.5
Labour hold Swing +1.3

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 48,863

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Arthur Griffiths 28,298 80.1 +9.6
Conservative Francis Howard Collier 7,032 19.9 −9.6
Majority 21,266 60.2 +19.2
Turnout 35,330 72.3 −0.6
Labour hold Swing +9.6
Hemsworth by-election, 1934[6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Arthur Griffiths unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1931: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 45,921

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gabriel Price 23,609 70.5 −8.4
Conservative William Francis Cuthbert Garthwaite 9,867 29.5 +8.4
Majority 13,742 41.0 −18.8
Turnout 33,476 72.9 −2.9
Labour hold Swing −8.4

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 43,100

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Guest 26,075 79.9 +10.6
Conservative R. A. Broughton 6,578 20.1 −10.6
Majority 19,497 59.8 +21.3
Turnout 32,653 75.8 +6.1
Labour hold Swing +10.6
General Election 1924: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 32,257

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Guest 15,593 69.3 −0.8
Conservative H. R. Brown 6,902 30.7 +0.8
Majority 8,691 38.6 −1.6
Turnout 22,495 69.7 +6.4
Labour hold Swing −0.8
General Election 1923: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Guest 13,159 70.1 +6.9
Liberal H. Conway-Jones 5,624 29.9 n/a
Majority 7,535 40.2 +13.8
Turnout 18,683 61.3 −15.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1922: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 29,643

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Guest 14,295 63.2 +7.7
National Liberal Dr Frank William Crossley-Holland 8,317 36.8 n/a
Majority 5,978 26.4 +15.4
Turnout 22.612 76.3 +18.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Hemsworth[6]

Electorate 25,137

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Guest 8,102 55.5
Coalition Conservative Joshua Scholefield 6,490 44.5
Majority 1,612 11.0
Turnout 14,592 58.0
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Excluding sub-districts of the city centre
  4. ^ Nominally -0.2% swing on boundary changes
References

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.