Hemus motorway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Tabliczka RO A2.svg

Hemus motorway
Автомагистрала „Хемус“
Hemus motorway highlighted in red and yellow
Route information
Length: 167 km (104 mi)
433 km (269 mi) planned
4.9 km (3.0 mi) under construction
Major junctions
From: Sofia
To: Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction)
Location
Major cities: Botevgrad, Shumen (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte)
Highway system
Motorways in Bulgaria

The Hemus motorway (Bulgarian: Автомагистрала „Хемус“, Avtomagistrala "Hemus") or Haemus motorway, designated A2, is a motorway currently under construction in Bulgaria. Its planned length is 433 km, of which 129 km are in operation as of 2006. The length in operation is divided into two sections — the first linking Sofia to Yablanitsa and the second Varna to Shumen. According to the plans, Hemus motorway would connect the capital city of Sofia with the third-largest city of Varna and the Black Sea, duplicating European route E70 (Varna–Shumen), European route E772 (Shumen–Yablanitsa) and European route E83 (Yablanitsa–Sofia).

The Pravets–Yablanitsa section of the Hemus motorway was officially opened on 5 December 1999. Due to the mountainous terrain through the Stara Planina the section, 5.47 km in length with another 16 km reconstructed, features two viaducts and one tunnel (Praveshki hanove), while the whole Sofia–Yablanitsa section has three more tunnels. The construction of the Pravets–Yablanitsa section began in the 1984 but ceased in the late 1980s due to lack of funds to be finished in 1998–1999.[1] The 12.8 km section connecting Shumen with Kaspichan to the east was opened on 30 December 2005 and cost 77.6 million leva.[2] In January 2013 National Company "Strategic Infrastructure Projects" tendered feasibility study for the rest of Hemus motorway (Yablanitsa-Panayot Volovo).[3]

Exits[edit]

Exit km Destinations Notes
AB-grün.svg AB-AS-blau.svg 0 Sofia ring road, Botevgradsko shose In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 1 Dolni Bogrov E871 In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 8,5 Yana In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 14 Eleshnitsa In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 21,5 Potop In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 30,8 Churek In service
AB-Tunnel.svg 32 Vitinya In service
AB-Tunnel.svg 41 Topli Dol In service
AB-Tunnel.svg 43 Echemishka In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 47,7 Botevgrad In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 53,3 Pravets In service
AB-Tunnel.svg 55 Praveshki Hanove In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 59,2 Osikovska Lakavitsa In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 66,5 Dzhurovo In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 74,7 Yablanitsa In service
Yablanitsa-Belokopitovo Planned
AB-AS-blau.svg 341 Belokopitovo E70 U/C[4][5]
AB-AS-blau.svg 358 Shumen-east In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 371 Kaspichan, Novi Pazar In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 384 Nevsha In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 390 Mlada Gvardiya In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 394 Provadia-north In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 400 Provadia-east, Gabarnitsa In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 410 Devnya In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 415 Povelyanovo In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 420 Slanchevo In service
AB-AS-blau.svg 430 Airplane silhouette.svg Varna Airport In service
AB-ende-grün.svg AB-AS-blau.svg 433 Varna-west In service

Miscellaneous[edit]

Bebresh Viaduct, regarded as the highest motorway bridge in the Balkans with a clearance of 120 m, is part of the Hemus motorway.

The motorway is named after the Haemus Mons, an ancient name of the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina).

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]