Hemus motorway highlighted in red and yellow
|Length:||167 km (104 mi)
433 km (269 mi) planned
4.9 km (3.0 mi) under construction
|To:||Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction)|
|Major cities:||Botevgrad, Shumen (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte)|
|Motorways in Bulgaria|
The Hemus motorway (Bulgarian: Автомагистрала „Хемус“, Avtomagistrala "Hemus") or Haemus motorway, designated A2, is a motorway currently under construction in Bulgaria. Its planned length is 433 km, of which 129 km are in operation as of 2006[update]. The length in operation is divided into two sections — the first linking Sofia to Yablanitsa and the second Varna to Shumen. According to the plans, Hemus motorway would connect the capital city of Sofia with the third-largest city of Varna and the Black Sea, duplicating European route E70 (Varna–Shumen), European route E772 (Shumen–Yablanitsa) and European route E83 (Yablanitsa–Sofia).
The Pravets–Yablanitsa section of the Hemus motorway was officially opened on 5 December 1999. Due to the mountainous terrain through the Stara Planina the section, 5.47 km in length with another 16 km reconstructed, features two viaducts and one tunnel (Praveshki hanove), while the whole Sofia–Yablanitsa section has three more tunnels. The construction of the Pravets–Yablanitsa section began in the 1984 but ceased in the late 1980s due to lack of funds to be finished in 1998–1999. The 12.8 km section connecting Shumen with Kaspichan to the east was opened on 30 December 2005 and cost 77.6 million leva. In January 2013 National Company "Strategic Infrastructure Projects" tendered feasibility study for the rest of Hemus motorway (Yablanitsa-Panayot Volovo).
|0||Sofia ring road, Botevgradsko shose||In service|
|1||Dolni Bogrov E871||In service|
|41||Topli Dol||In service|
|55||Praveshki Hanove||In service|
|59,2||Osikovska Lakavitsa||In service|
|371||Kaspichan, Novi Pazar||In service|
|390||Mlada Gvardiya||In service|
|400||Provadia-east, Gabarnitsa||In service|
|430||Varna Airport||In service|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hemus highway.|
- "Иван Костов откри участъка Правец - Ябланица на магистрала "Хемус"". Botevgradski Vesti. 6 December 1999.
- "Строежът на "Хемус" е в ръцете на държавата". BiG.BG. 8 October 2009.
- "Feasibility Study for the Hemus Motorway". ncsip.bg. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
- "Construction Permit". Ministry of Regional Development.
- "Construction of the next segment of Hemus motorway begins". profit.bg (in Bulgarian).
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