|Hubs||Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport|
|Parent company||Shenzhen Airlines (51%)|
Henan Airlines (Chinese: 河南航空; pinyin: Hénán Hángkōng, formerly Kunpeng Airlines (Chinese: 鲲鹏航空有限公司; pinyin: Kūnpéng Hángkōng Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī), is a regional airline based in northern China. Kunpeng was originally founded as a joint venture between Shenzhen Airlines of China and Mesa Air Group of the United States and was also the largest sino-foreign regional airline in China. In 2009 Mesa Air Group and Shenzhen terminated their agreement and Shenzhen announced that the airline would be renamed Henan Airlines.
The agreement to form Kunpeng Airlines was signed in December 2006, and service began in October 2007. Kunpeng operated both passenger and cargo service as well as charter flights. The airline originally flew Bombardier CRJ200 aircraft which were leased from Mesa Air Group. The airline's livery was made up of red, white, and gold and the name derives from a mythical Chinese bird.
In August 2008, Kunpeng moved its headquarters and operating base to the city of Zhengzhou. Kunpeng was operating at a financial loss and it was hoped that the move would bring the airline into profit. Kungpeng planned on having 200 aircraft and operating 900 daily flights by 2016.
As of June 2009, Mesa Air Group has sold its financial stake in Kunpeng Airlines and all the leased CRJ 200's have been returned to the US.
In 2009 Shenzhen announced that it would be renamed Henan Airlines operating Embraer E-190 aircraft.
On August 27, 2010, Henan provincial authorities revoked the company name "Henan Airlines" that it has previously approved, citing the bad reputation the airline has brought to the province in the aftermath of the plane crash. Henan provincial government had previously provided incentives for the airline to move its hub from Xi'an, Shaanxi to Zhengzhou, Henan's capital and largest city.
The Kunpeng Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of January 2013) :
||Largest order for the type|
Incidents and accidents
- Sino-American regional airlines set up in China
- Luchtvaart Nieuws, Mesa samen met Shenzhen Airlines in Chinese regionale maatschappij, 9 August 2007 (Dutch)
- East Valley Tribune, Mesa Air looks to China for growth, 15 August 2007
- "KUN PENG AIRLINES TO BECOME HENAN AIRLINES." Asiainfo Services. December 9, 2009. Retrieved on July 11, 2010.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David. "Chinese authority orders Henan name-change after crash." Flight International. August 29, 2010. Retrieved on August 29, 2010.
- "Ceremony inaugurates Chinese jet". BBC News. 21 December 2007.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer ERJ 190-100 LR (ERJ-190LR) B-3130 Yichun Lindu Airport (LDS)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2012.