Henbit (horse)

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Henbit
Sire Hawaii
Grandsire Utrillo
Dam Chateaucreek
Damsire Chateaugay
Sex Stallion
Foaled 28 March 1977
Country United States
Colour Bay
Breeder Helen Drake Jones
Owner Etti Plesch
Trainer Dick Hern
Record 8: 4-0-0
Earnings $430,882
Major wins
Guardian Classic Trial (1980)
Chester Vase (1980)
Epsom Derby (1980)
Awards
Timeform rating 118 (1979), 130 (1980)
Last updated on August 29, 2007

Henbit (28 March 1977 – 1997) was an American-bred and British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse, best known for winning the Epsom Derby in 1980. After winning one minor race as a two-year-old he showed improved form in 1980 to win the Classic Trial Stakes and the Chester Vase. He won the Derby in a fast time but sustained a leg injury in the race which ruled him out for the rest of the year. He failed when returning as a four-year-old and was retired to stud, where he had limited success as a sire of winners.

Background[edit]

Henbit was a "leggy"[1] bay horse bred in Kentucky by Helen Drake Jones, owner of Mineola Farm near Lexington.[2] His sire was Hawaii, a South African Champion at two and three and then in the United States, the 1969 American Champion Turf Horse. Henbit's dam Chateaucreek was a daughter of the 1963 Kentucky Derby winner and American Champion Three-Year-Old Colt, Chateaugay. As a descendant of the American broodmare Some More, Chateacreek came from the branch of Thoroughbred family 3-d which also produced Dancing Brave, Lucky Debonair and Delta Blues.[3]

As a yearling, Henbit was sold for $24,000[4] and was owned during his racing career by Etti Plesch, who had previously won the Derby with Psidium in 1961 and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe in 1970 with Sassafras. Henbit was trained by Dick Hern at West Ilsley and ridden in most of his races by Willie Carson.

Racing career[edit]

1979: two-year-old season[edit]

Henbit made his racecourse debut at Royal Ascot in June 1979, when he finished fourth behind Star Way in the six furlong Chesham Stakes. He was off the course for three months before reappearing in a one mile maiden race at Newbury Racecourse. He was always among the leaders in a field of twenty-five runners and won by a length from Val's Mill. On his final appearance of the season, the colt was moved up sharply in class to contest the Group One Dewhurst Stakes over seven furlongs at Newmarket Racecourse in October. He started a 16/1 outsider but ran well to finish fourth behind Monteverdi, Tyranavos and Romeo Romani. In their annual Racehorses of 1979, Timeform described him as a colt who was likely to show better form when tried over longer distances as a three-year-old.[4]

1980: three-year-old season[edit]

In the spring of 1980, Henbit established himself a fringe contender for the Derby by winning the Classic Trial over one and a quarter miles at Sandown. Although he defeated the Vincent O'Brien-trained Huguenot in impressive style, he was offered at odds of 33/1 for the Derby, with his stable companion Water Mill being regarded as a stronger candidate.[5] On 6 May he won the one and a half mile Chester Vase in which he defeated Moomba Masquerade the future St Leger Stakes winner Light Cavalry. Although he did not seem entirely at ease on the tight, left-handed circuit he won "very pleasingly" and his odds for Epsom were immediately cut to 16/1.[6] In the next three weeks Henbit attracted strong support in the betting as several of the market leaders were either withdrawn or ran poorly in trial races.[7]

At Epsom Downs Racecourse in June, Henbit started the 7/1 second favourite, behind the Irish-trained colt Nikoli, for the Derby. The race carried a prize of £166,820, making it the most valuable race run on turf up to that time, and attracted a field of twenty-four runners. The 201st running of the race took place in fine, hot weather, and drew an estimated crowd of 500,000 spectators, including Queen Elizabeth II.[8] Carson positioned Henbit just behind the leaders and turned into the straight in fifth place before moving up to challenge in the straight. He took the lead from the outsider Rankin a furlong from the finish, veering sharply to the right as he did so. The colt appeared to recover quickly and he held the late challenge of Master Willie to win by three-quarters of a length, with Rankin in third place.[9] Henbit's success in the race was the second in two years for Hern and Carson, who had won with Troy in 1979,[8] and his winning time of 2:34.77 was the fastest since Nijinsky in 1970.[1]

Henbit returned from the race with a large swelling on his right foreleg and examinations revealed that he had sustained a hairline fracture to his cannon bone. The horse was confined to his box for three months with his leg in plaster.[10]

1981: four-year-old season[edit]

Henbit did return to the racecourse in 1981,[11] but finished unplaced on his two starts. In the Jockey Club Stakes at Newmarket in April he looked extremely impressive before the race and led for nine furlongs but dropped away quickly in the closing stages and finished last of the six runners behind Master Willie. In July he was sent to Ireland for the Royal Whip Stakes at the Curragh. He took the lead two furlong from the finish but faded into fifth place behind Last Light. He was then retired, with Hern expressing the view that the colt had never fully recovered from his injury.[12]

Assessment[edit]

In 1979, Henbit was given a rating of 118 by the independent Timeform organisation, eleven pound below their top two-year-old Monteverdi.[4] In the following year he received a Timeform rating of 130, placing him seven pounds behind the top-rated horse of the year Moorestyle.[13] In their book A Century of Champions, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Henbit a “inferior” Derby winner.[14]

Stud career[edit]

Retired to stud in 1982, Henbit sired 152 race winners but few of his flat-race runners were of any note. He had more success, however, when he was moved to Helshaw Grange Stud in Shropshire and marketed as a sire of jumpers.[2] He sired two leading National Hunt racehorses in Kribensis, winner of the 1990 Champion Hurdle and Sybillin, a steeplechaser whose wins included the Victor Chandler Chase and the Tingle Creek Trophy.[15] Henbit died at age twenty in 1997.

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Henbit (USA), bay stallion, 1977[16]
Sire
Hawaii (SAF)
1964
Utrillo (ITY)
1958
Toulouse Lautrec Dante
Tokamura
Urbinella Alycidon
Isle of Capri
Ethane (SAF)
1947 
Mehrali Mahmoud
Una
Ethyl Clustine
Armond
Dam
Chateaugay (USA)
1970
Chateaugay (USA)
1960
Swaps Khaled
Iron Reward
Banquet Bell Polynesian
Dinner Horn
Mooncreek (USA)
1963
Sailor Eight Thirty
Flota
Ouija Heliopolis
Psychist (Family: 3-d)[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Henbit is no quitter". Calgary Herald. 5 June `1980. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Breeder of Henbit dies". Racing Post. 21 November 2003. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Brown Bess - Family 3-d". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  4. ^ a b c Timeform staff (1980). Racehorses of 1979. Timeform. ISBN 0-900-59929-4. 
  5. ^ "White and Gold" (6 May 1980). "Henbit for the Chester Vase". Glasgow Herald. p. 27. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  6. ^ "Chester win puts Henbit at 16-1". New Straits Times. 8 May 1980. p. 21. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  7. ^ "Can Hebit dictate pace in Derby?". Evening Times. 27 May 1980. p. 27. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  8. ^ a b "Henbit and Willie Carson win". The Age. 5 June 1980. p. 24. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  9. ^ "Henbit hits bonanza in richest ever Derby". Montreal Gazette. 5 June 1980. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  10. ^ "Henbit in plaster". Sydney Morning Herald. 10 June 1980. p. 31. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  11. ^ Alistair Burnett (30 April 1981). "Hero's Return". Evening Times. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  12. ^ Timeform staff (1982). Racehorses of 1981. Timeform. ISBN 0-900-59933-2. 
  13. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions (Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1. 
  14. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press,. ISBN 1-901570-15-0. 
  15. ^ "Henbit Stud Record". Bloodstock.racingpost.com. 2012-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-08. 
  16. ^ "Henbit pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-08.