Henbury

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This article is about the district of Bristol, England. For other places of the same name, see Henbury (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°30′18″N 2°37′42″W / 51.5050°N 2.6284°W / 51.5050; -2.6284

Henbury
Bristol henbury.png
Boundaries of the city council ward, shown within Bristol.
Population 9,498 [1]
OS grid reference ST564786
Unitary authority Bristol
Ceremonial county Bristol
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS
Dialling code 0117
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bristol North West
List of places
UK
England
Bristol

Henbury is a suburb of Bristol, England, approximately 5 miles north west of the city centre. It was formerly a village in Gloucestershire and is now bordered by Westbury-on-Trym to the south; Brentry to the east and the Blaise Castle estate, Blaise Hamlet and Lawrence Weston to the west. To the north lie the South Gloucestershire village of Hallen and the entertainment/retail park Cribbs Causeway.

The Hazel Brook (also known as the Hen), a tributary of the River Trym, flows through Henbury and crosses Henbury Road in a small ford near The Salutation, a Toby Carvery pub. The ford floods relatively often and a small bridge exists to allow traffic to pass, situated a few metres away.

Henbury is also the name of a council ward for Bristol City Council that includes both Henbury and Brentry.[2]

Henbury Golf Club sits on the south border.

Barratt Homes has recently started a new development in Henbury, known as Hazel Grove. It consists of circa 150 houses and apartments.

History[edit]

Henbury was first mentioned in 692 as Heanburg. The name is from the Old English hēan byrig, meaning 'high fortified place'.[3] It was mentioned in the Domesday Book as Henberie.

Henbury was historically a very large parish. It extended to the River Severn and included King's Weston, Lawrence Weston, Charlton, Easter Compton, Pilning, Northwick and Aust.[4] When the civil parish was created in 1866, parts of the ancient parish were separated to form the civil parishes of Redwick and Northwick (later Pilning and Severn Beach)[5] and Aust.[6]

In 1901, part of the civil parish was absorbed into Bristol, and further parts were absorbed into Bristol between then and 1933. In 1935, the civil parish was abolished, when the remaining parts were absorbed into the civil parishes of Pilning and Severn Beach, and Almondsbury.[7]

Botany Bay is an old name for the area of Henbury centred on the modern Marmion Crescent believed to derive from the nineteenth century name of a row of cottages.[8] The Great House, Henbury was the home of the Astry family, and of Scipio Africanus (see below). Nearby Henbury Court was built by Thomas Stock to replace the Great House. Henbury Court was demolished in the 1950s.[9]

Churches[edit]

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Henbury

The parish Church of St Mary the Virgin dates from approximately 1096. The tower is from the early 13th century. The north chapel was built, and further restoration work undertaken by Thomas Rickman in 1836, with further restoration by G. E. Street in 1875-7. It is a grade II* listed building.[10] The churchyard contains the grave of Scipio Africanus, the west African 18th century manservant of Charles William Howard, 7th Earl of Suffolk.

Emmanuel Chapel Henbury is an independent evangelical church located on Satchfield Crescent.

St Antony's Church is a Catholic church which was built in the 1950s and is also located on Satchfield Crescent.

Schools[edit]

List of schools in Henbury, Bristol:

Other buildings[edit]

Crow Lane shops

Henbury Village Hall is a Grade II listed building which is currently used as a French language school for children.

Henbury Leisure Centre is home to a 25-metre swimming pool, fitness suite, full size all weather pitch and a variety of fitness programmes and classes. It is located on the site of Henbury Secondary School.

The Henbury Lodge Hotel is operated by Best Western. The building itself is believed to have been built around 1600 as two cottages, before being combined into one dwelling in 1712.

Transportation and transport links[edit]

Henbury is served by buses of First Bristol, routes 1, 40 and 76.

Henbury provides good access to major trunk roads such as the A4018, M4 and M5 motorways. It is located approximately two miles away from M5 junction 17 and five miles from the M4/M5 interchange. Britol city centre is approximately five miles south east of Henbury.

Henbury station on the Henbury Loop railway between St Andrews Road and Filton Junction was opened in 1910 and closed in 1964.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Henbury". 2001 Census Ward Information Sheet. Retrieved 21 February 2007. 
  2. ^ Ward map
  3. ^ Mills, A.D. and Room, A. A Dictionary of British Place-Names Oxford University Press
  4. ^ Extract from National Gazetteer, 1868
  5. ^ Vision of Britain: Pilning and Severn Beach
  6. ^ Vision of Britain: Aust
  7. ^ Vision of Britain: Henbury
  8. ^ "Countryside Walk: Cribbs Causeway – Easter Compton – Spaniorum – Botany Bay" (PDF). Bristol City Council. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  9. ^ Davis, Bertram R (1962). "The Henbury Epitaphs". www.gertlushonline.co.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2009. 
  10. ^ "Church of St Mary the Virgin". Images of England. Retrieved 19 February 2007. 
  11. ^ "Subterranea Britannica: SB-Sites: North Filton Platform". www.subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2009. 

External links[edit]