Henderson County, Kentucky

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Not to be confused with Henderson, Kentucky. ‹See Tfd›
Henderson County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Henderson County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Named for Richard Henderson
Seat Henderson
Largest city Henderson
Area
 • Total 467.24 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 440.12 sq mi (1,140 km2)
 • Water 27.11 sq mi (70 km2), 5.80%
Population
 • (2010) 46,250
 • Density 102/sq mi (39/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.hendersonky.com

Henderson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,250.[1] The county seat is Henderson.[2] The county was formed in 1799 and named for Colonel Richard Henderson[3] who originally purchased 17,000,000 acres (69,000 km2) of land from the Cherokee Indians, only to have the purchase voided by the Virginia legislature. Then, in 1778, the Richard Henderson Company was granted 200,000 acres (810 km2) in recognition of the $50,000 paid by the company to the Cherokee Indians in the Treaty of Watauga. Land in that grant is included in the present boundary of Henderson County.

Henderson County is part of the Evansville, IN-KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The Kentucky clergyman and university president LaVerne Butler was born in Henderson County in 1926.[4]

Geography[edit]

Henderson County is part of the Western Coal Fields region of Kentucky. According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 467.24 square miles (1,210.1 km2), of which 440.12 square miles (1,139.9 km2) (or 94.20%) is land and 27.11 square miles (70.2 km2) (or 5.80%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

A strip known as "Green River Island" is part of Kentucky but is on the Indiana side of the Ohio River; an extension of the island was the subject of Handly's Lessee v. Anthony, a U.S. Supreme Court case in 1820.[6] The Ellis Park Race Course is located here.

Also the home of the Southern Cherokee Nation in 1893 the Southern Cherokee was welcomed to Kentucky and recognized as an Indian tribe by Governor John Young Brown. The Southern Cherokee still live in Henderson County today.

History[edit]

Henderson County was established in 1799 from land given by Christian County. The 1843 courthouse was torn down in the 1960s to make way for a new one.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,468
1810 4,703 220.4%
1820 5,714 21.5%
1830 6,659 16.5%
1840 9,548 43.4%
1850 12,171 27.5%
1860 14,262 17.2%
1870 18,457 29.4%
1880 24,515 32.8%
1890 29,536 20.5%
1900 32,907 11.4%
1910 29,352 −10.8%
1920 27,609 −5.9%
1930 26,295 −4.8%
1940 27,020 2.8%
1950 30,715 13.7%
1960 33,519 9.1%
1970 36,031 7.5%
1980 40,849 13.4%
1990 43,044 5.4%
2000 44,829 4.1%
2010 46,250 3.2%
Est. 2012 46,513 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 44,829 people, 18,095 households, and 12,576 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 per square mile (39 /km2). There were 19,466 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 91.16% White, 7.10% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.

There were 18,095 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,892, and the median income for a family was $44,703. Males had a median income of $33,838 versus $22,572 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,470. About 9.70% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Journalist, and former county prosecutor, Ewing Galloway lived his entire life in Henderson County.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  4. ^ "LaVerne Butler". Lexington Herald Leader, December 18, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ Handly's Lessee v. Anthony, 18 U.S. 374 (1820)
  7. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. p. 250. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Ewing Galloway Dies of Injury". Kentucky New Era. 29 June 1953. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 

Coordinates: 37°48′N 87°34′W / 37.80°N 87.57°W / 37.80; -87.57