Hendon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hendon
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hendon in Greater London for the 2010 general election.
County Greater London
Electorate 74,329 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Matthew Offord (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Hendon North and parts of Hendon South
19181945
Number of members One
Replaced by Harrow East, Harrow West, Hendon North, Hendon South and Wembley North
Created from Harrow
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Hendon /ˈhɛndʉn/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament.[n 2] since 2010 by Matthew Offord of the Conservative Party.

History[edit]

First creation[edit]

The constituency was originally created for the 1918 General Election. By 1941 the estimated electorate was the largest at 217,900.[2] and the constituency was divided into two parts (Hendon North and Hendon South) for the 1945 general election.

Second creation[edit]

In the boundary change legislation passed to implement the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies before the 1997 General Election the London Borough of Barnet's Parliamentary representation was reduced from four seats to three and the Hendon North constituency was combined with a northern part of the Hendon South constituency. Although this new seat re-adopted the name Hendon, this version is smaller, as a south-eastern swathe of Hendon South was then placed in the new seat, Finchley and Golders Green. Within 10% of the average electorate, the new seat avoided malapportionment that would otherwise exist by way of two under-sized constituencies.

Including the period of division into larger north/south replacement seats (1945-1997), for one term a Labour Party MP has represented Hendon (as broadly drawn), Barbara Ayrton-Gould in Hendon North (1945-1950). However on its re-composition arranged before the 1997 election Andrew Dismore seized the seat from the Tories who were otherwise victors and held it until 2010. No Liberal or Liberal Democrat has served these seats since 1910. Neither independent candidates nor those of any other political party have won the seat or its predecessors.

Boundaries[edit]

Hendon constituency within the parliamentary county of Middlesex, showing boundaries used from 1918-45.

Since 2010 the constituency has been made up of seven wards from the London Borough of Barnet:

  • Burnt Oak, Colindale, Edgware, Hale, Hendon, Mill Hill, West Hendon.[3]

1918-1945[edit]

No national reviews took place between the Representation of the People Act 1918 which enfranchised this constituency and the next such Act in 1945. Later national reviews took place by the newly established Boundary Commissions for the four countries of United Kingdom for the elections of 1950, 1974, 1983, 1997 and 2010. As can be seen from the map, during the early period the seat spanned the area made up of the present seat and primarily the two neighbours to east and west, Chipping Barnet and Harrow East.

2010 review[edit]

Under the Fifth Review of Westminster Constituencies, looking at the population subset North London, and as a consequence of abolishing ward-sharing, Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's recommendation that the shared part of Underhill be transferred to the constituency of Chipping Barnet, parts of the wards Golders Green and Finchley Church End be transferred to Finchley and Golders Green and that shared parts of Mill Hill ward be received from the named seats (to the north-east and south-east).

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1918 Philip Cunliffe-Lister Conservative
1935 Reginald Blair Conservative
1945 constituency abolished: see Hendon North and Hendon South
1997 constituency recreated
1997 Andrew Dismore Labour
2010 Matthew Offord Conservative

Election results[edit]

Elections 1997-2015[edit]

General Election 2010: Hendon[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Matthew Offord 19,635 42.3 +5.2
Labour Andrew Dismore 19,529 42.1 −3.0
Liberal Democrat Matthew Harris 5,734 12.4 −1.7
UKIP Robin Lambert 958 2.1 +0.5
Green Andrew Newby 518 1.1 −0.7
Majority 106 0.2
Turnout 46,374 58.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.1
General Election 2005: Hendon
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Dismore 18,596 44.4 −8.1
Conservative Richard Evans 15,897 38.0 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Nahid Boethe 5,831 13.9 +2.3
Green David Williams 754 1.8 +1.8
UKIP Melvyn Smallman 637 1.5 +0.5
Rainbow Dream Ticket George Weiss 68 0.2 +0.2
Progressive Democratic Party Michael Stewart 56 0.1 −0.2
Majority 2,699 6.5
Turnout 41,839 58.3
Labour hold Swing −6.5
General Election 2001: Hendon
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Dismore 21,432 52.5 +3.1
Conservative Richard Evans 14,015 34.3 -2.7
Liberal Democrat Wayne Casey 4,724 11.6 +0.7
UKIP Craig Crosbie 409 1.0 +0.5
Workers Revolutionary Stella Taylor 164 0.4 +0.1
Progressive Democratic Party Michael Stewart 107 0.3 N/A
Majority 7,417 18.2
Turnout 40,851 52.2 -13.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1997: Hendon
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andrew Dismore 24,683 49.3 N/A
Conservative Sir John Gorst 18,528 37.0 N/A
Liberal Democrat Wayne Casey 5,427 10.8 N/A
Referendum Party S. Rabbow 978 2.0 N/A
UKIP B. Wright 267 0.5 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Stella Taylor 153 0.3 N/A
Majority 6,155 12.3 N/A
Turnout 65.7 N/A

Elections 1929-1935[edit]

General Election 1935: Hendon

Electorate: 164,802

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Reginald Blair 69,762 65.78
Labour Mrs Amber Blanco-White 28,375 26.75
Liberal Basil E Goldstone 7,920 7.47
Majority 41,387 39.02
Turnout 64.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Hendon

Electorate: 113,780

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Cunliffe-Lister 66,305 81.25
Labour Mrs Amber Blanco-White 15,305 18.75
Majority 51,000 62.49
Turnout 71.73
Conservative hold Swing
Margery Corbett Ashby
General Election 1929: Hendon[6]

Electorate 84,212

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Philip Cunliffe-Lister 31,758 52.3
Labour Dr. Robert Lyons 15,434 25.5
Liberal Margery Irene Corbett Ashby 13,449 22.2
Majority 16,324 26.8
Turnout 72.0
Unionist hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ The Guinness Book Of Records 1980
  3. ^ North London: New Constituencies Ward Breakdown (ElectoralCalculus) accessed 13 April 2010
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ http://www.barnet.gov.uk/hendon-constituency-candidates2010.pdf
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.