Hendon (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Hendon in Greater London for the 2010 general election.
|Electorate||74,329 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Matthew Offord (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hendon North and parts of Hendon South|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Harrow East, Harrow West, Hendon North, Hendon South and Wembley North|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
The constituency was originally created for the 1918 General Election. By 1941 the estimated electorate was the largest at 217,900. and the constituency was divided into two parts (Hendon North and Hendon South) for the 1945 general election.
In the boundary change legislation passed to implement the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies before the 1997 General Election the London Borough of Barnet's Parliamentary representation was reduced from four seats to three and the Hendon North constituency was combined with a northern part of the Hendon South constituency. Although this new seat re-adopted the name Hendon, this version is smaller, as a south-eastern swathe of Hendon South was then placed in the new seat, Finchley and Golders Green. Within 10% of the average electorate, the new seat avoided malapportionment that would otherwise exist by way of two under-sized constituencies.
Including the period of division into larger north/south replacement seats (1945-1997), for one term a Labour Party MP has represented Hendon (as broadly drawn), Barbara Ayrton-Gould in Hendon North (1945-1950). However on its re-composition arranged before the 1997 election Andrew Dismore seized the seat from the Tories who were otherwise victors and held it until 2010. No Liberal or Liberal Democrat has served these seats since 1910. Neither independent candidates nor those of any other political party have won the seat or its predecessors.
Since 2010 the constituency has been made up of seven wards from the London Borough of Barnet:
- Burnt Oak, Colindale, Edgware, Hale, Hendon, Mill Hill, West Hendon.
No national reviews took place between the Representation of the People Act 1918 which enfranchised this constituency and the next such Act in 1945. Later national reviews took place by the newly established Boundary Commissions for the four countries of United Kingdom for the elections of 1950, 1974, 1983, 1997 and 2010. As can be seen from the map, during the early period the seat spanned the area made up of the present seat and primarily the two neighbours to east and west, Chipping Barnet and Harrow East.
Under the Fifth Review of Westminster Constituencies, looking at the population subset North London, and as a consequence of abolishing ward-sharing, Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's recommendation that the shared part of Underhill be transferred to the constituency of Chipping Barnet, parts of the wards Golders Green and Finchley Church End be transferred to Finchley and Golders Green and that shared parts of Mill Hill ward be received from the named seats (to the north-east and south-east).
Members of Parliament
|1945||constituency abolished: see Hendon North and Hendon South|
|General Election 2010: Hendon|
|Liberal Democrat||Matthew Harris||5,734||12.4||−1.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.1|
|General Election 2005: Hendon|
|Liberal Democrat||Nahid Boethe||5,831||13.9||+2.3|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||George Weiss||68||0.2||+0.2|
|Progressive Democratic Party||Michael Stewart||56||0.1||−0.2|
|General Election 2001: Hendon|
|Liberal Democrat||Wayne Casey||4,724||11.6||+0.7|
|Workers Revolutionary||Stella Taylor||164||0.4||+0.1|
|Progressive Democratic Party||Michael Stewart||107||0.3||N/A|
|General Election 1997: Hendon|
|Conservative||Sir John Gorst||18,528||37.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Wayne Casey||5,427||10.8||N/A|
|Referendum Party||S. Rabbow||978||2.0||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Stella Taylor||153||0.3||N/A|
|General Election 1935: Hendon
|Conservative||Sir Reginald Blair||69,762||65.78|
|Labour||Mrs Amber Blanco-White||28,375||26.75|
|Liberal||Basil E Goldstone||7,920||7.47|
|General Election 1931: Hendon
|Labour||Mrs Amber Blanco-White||15,305||18.75|
|General Election 1929: Hendon
|Unionist||Rt Hon. Philip Cunliffe-Lister||31,758||52.3|
|Labour||Dr. Robert Lyons||15,434||25.5|
|Liberal||Margery Irene Corbett Ashby||13,449||22.2|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- The Guinness Book Of Records 1980
- North London: New Constituencies Ward Breakdown (ElectoralCalculus) accessed 13 April 2010
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.