Hendon Central tube station
Location of Hendon Central in Greater London
|Local authority||London Borough of Barnet|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||2|
|Fare zone||3 and 4|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1923||Opened as terminus (CCE&HR)|
|1924||Became through station|
|Added to list||20 July 2011|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
The station is on the Edgware branch of the Northern line, between Colindale and Brent Cross stations, and is on the boundary between Travelcard Zone 3 and Zone 4. Its postcode is NW4 2TE. It was opened along with Brent Cross (then called Brent) tube station on 19 November 1923 as the first stage of an extension of the Golders Green branch of the Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway. The station served as the terminus of the line's western fork until 18 August 1924 when the second and final section of the extension to Edgware was opened.
Hendon Central, like all stations north from Golders Green, is a surface station (although the tracks enter twin tunnels a short distance further north on the way to Colindale). When it was built it stood "in lonely glory amid fields", as one writer puts it, south of the old village of Hendon, which has since been swallowed up by London's suburbs. The station is a Grade II listed building, designed in a neo-Georgian style by Stanley Heaps, who also designed Brent Cross tube station in a similar style, with a prominent portico featuring a Doric colonnade.
The fact that the area was largely undeveloped allowed a hitherto unusual degree of coordination between the station and the surrounding buildings that were constructed over the next few years. The station was intended to be the centre and a key architectural feature of a new suburban town; it faces a circus 240 feet (73 m) in diameter that is intersected by four approach roads which provide access to all parts of Hendon and the surrounding areas beyond. For many years this was a roundabout known as 'Central Circus'; however it is now a crossroads controlled by traffic signals. Writing in 1932, William Passingham commended the integrated approach taken at Hendon Central as "an outstanding example of the co-ordination of road-planning with passenger station requirements." He noted, only nine years after the station opened, that it had already become the centre of an "ever-widening cluster of new houses" and accurately predicted that it would become "the centre of [a] small township", or what would now be called a suburb.
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived from the original on 26 January 2014.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Hendon Central Underground Station". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage.
- Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Jackson, Alan Arthur; Croome, Desmond F. (1962). Rails through the clay: a history of London's tube railways. Allen & Unwin. p. 171.
- "16 London Underground Stations Listed At Grade II". English Heritage. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Cherry, Bridget; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1999). London 4: north. Buildings of England, vol. 48. Penguin. p. 161.
- Passingham, William (1932). Romance of London's Underground. Sampson Low & Co. p. 66.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hendon Central tube station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- Construction of Hendon Central station, 1922
- Partially completed station, 1923
- Crowd waiting for the first opening of the station, 19 November 1923
- Exterior of station on opening day, 19 November 1923
- View of Platforms and tunnel entrances, 1924. Note rural landscape beyond station awaiting development.
- Station building, 1929, now incorporated into a larger commercial building
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|