Hendrik Andriessen

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Hendrik Franciscus Andriessen (17 September 1892, Haarlem – 12 April 1981, Haarlem) was a Dutch composer and organist. He is remembered most of all for his improvisation at the organ and for the renewal of Catholic liturgical music in the Netherlands. Andriessen composed in a musical idiom that revealed strong French influences. He was the brother of pianist and composer Willem Andriessen and the father of the composers Jurriaan Andriessen and Louis Andriessen and of the flutist Heleen Andriessen.

Life and career[edit]

Andriessen studied composition with Bernard Zweers and organ with Jean-Baptiste de Pauw at the Conservatory of Amsterdam. As the organist at Utrecht Cathedral, he became well known for his improvisation abilities. From 1926 to 1954, he lectured in composition and music theory at the Amsterdam Conservatory while also teaching at the Institute for Catholic Church Music in Utrecht between 1930 and 1949. He was the director of the Utrecht Conservatory from 1937 to 1949.

During World War II, Andriessen refused to join the "Cultural House" and was thus barred from public functions by the Nazi occupiers. The only musical activities he was allowed were to give lessons and to accompany church services. He was held hostage by German occupiers from 13 July until 18 December 1942, when he was released.

In 1949, he was appointed director of the Royal Conservatory in The Hague, a post he held until 1957. Between 1954 and 1962, he was appointed an Extraordinary Professor of Musicology at the Catholic University of Nijmegen.

Andriessen's works included, besides eight masses, a setting of the Te Deum, four symphonies, variations for orchestra, lieder for voice and orchestra, chamber music, sonatas for cello and for piano, and works for solo organ.

Selected works[edit]

Orchestra[edit]

  • 4 Symphonies (1930, 1937, 1946, 1954)
  • Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Johann Kuhnau, for string orchestra (1935)
  • Variations on a Theme by Couperin for solo flute, string orchestra, and harp (1944)
  • Ricercare (1949) (also arranged for wind orchestra, 1977)
  • Concerto for Organ and Orchestra (1950)
  • Symphonic Etude (1952)
  • Violin Concerto (1969)
  • Cello Concertino (1970)
  • Oboe Concertino (1970)
  • Chromatic Variations (1970)

Wind orchestra[edit]

  • Ricercare (1977) (rev. from 1949 orchestral work)

Chamber[edit]

  • 1914 Sonate, for violin and piano
  • 1924 Sonatina, for viola and piano
  • 1926 Sonate, for cello and piano = Sonate pour violoncelle et piano [a Thomas Canivez]
  • 1952 Ballade, for oboe and piano
  • 1967 Sonate, for viola and piano
  • 1937 Drie Inventionen
  • 1938 Sérénade, for flute/violin, violin/oboe en cello/bassoon
  • 1950 Suite for violin and piano I.Preludio II. Fuguetta III. Air Varié IV. Finale
  • 1951 Quintet, for Woodwind Quartet
  • 1957 Quartetto in stile antico for String Quartet
  • 1967 Tre Pezzi, for flute and harp
  • 1969 L'Indifferent, for String Quartet
  • 1972 Divertimento a cinque, for flute, oboe, violin, viola and cello
  • 1973 Choral Varié, for 3 trumpets and 3 trombones

Organ[edit]

  • Aria (1944)
  • 4 Chorals (Premier: 1913), (Deuxième: 1916, rev. 1965), (Troisième: 1920), (Quatrième: 1921, rev. 1951)
  • Fête-Dieu (1918)
  • Fuga a 5 voici c kl. terts (1916)
  • In dulci jubilo (1961)
  • Interlude (1957)
  • Interludium (1968)
  • Intermezzi: 24 pieces in two books (1935 and 1943–46)
  • Intermezzo (1950)
  • Meditation on the hymn "O Lord with wondrous mystery" (1960)
  • O filii et filiae (1961)
  • O sacred head (1962)
  • Offertorium (1962)
  • Passacaglia (1929)
  • Praeludium en Fuga in d
  • Preghiera (1962)
  • Quattro studi per organo (1953)
  • Sinfonia (1939)
  • Sonata da Chiesa (1927)
  • Suite (1968)
  • Thema met variaties (1949)
  • Toccata (1917)
  • Veni, Creator Spiritus (1961)

Piano[edit]

  • Sonate(1934)
  • Pavane(1937)
  • Passepied(1942)
  • Menuet(1944)
  • Sérénade(1950)

Opera[edit]

  • Philomela (1948–1949), in 3 acts; libretto by Jan Engelman
  • De Spiegel uit Venetië (The Mirror from Venice; Der Spiegel von Venedig) (1963–1964), chamber opera in 1 act; libretto by Hélène Nolthenius

Choir[edit]

  • Missa in honorem Sacratissimi Cordis, with organ (1919)
  • Missa Simplex, a cappella (1928)
  • Missa diatonica (1935)
  • Magnificat, with organ (1936)
  • Missa Christus Rex (1938)
  • Missa solemnis, with organ (1946)
  • Te Deum, with orchestra (1968)

Lieder[edit]

  • Magna res est amor, with organ (1919, orchestrated 1919)
  • Fiat domine, with organ (1920, orchestrated 1930)
  • Miroir de peine (set of five songs on texts by French poet Henri Ghéon, 1875–1944) (1923, orchestrated 1933)
  • Trois pastorales (1935)

Books and other writings[edit]

  • César Franck (1941)
  • Over muziek (1950)
  • Muziek en muzikaliteit (1952)

External links[edit]