Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea (1628–1689) of Eastwell, Kent, was the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea.

Finch was the son of Thomas Finch, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, and the grandson of Elizabeth Finch, 1st Countess of Winchilsea. His first cousin was Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham. He married four times and was the father of at least 16 children. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge.[1] He married his first wife Diana, daughter of Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham and Elizabeth Cecil, on 21 May 1645. His married his second wife Mary Seymour the daughter of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Lady Frances Devereux, about 1650. He married third, Catherine Norcliffe, daughter of Sir Thomas Norcliffe, on 10 April 1673. He married his fourth wife Elizabeth Ayres on 29 October 1681. She was the mother of John Finch, 6th Earl of Winchilsea, who died unmarried and without issue.

William Finch was his first son and heir by Mary and born before 1654, he bore the courtesy title of the Lord Maidstone, and later died in battle at sea. The second child of this family was a daughter Frances (wed Thomas Thynne, 1st Viscount Weymouth), and in 1657 the third was a son named Heneage, born 11 January 1657. His son Heneage Finch, 5th Earl of Winchilsea was married to Anne, the daughter of Sir William Kingsmill.[2] Before October 1660 when the Heneage family went to the Ottoman Empire, a third son Thomas was born (1658). Finch's grandson Henry Thynne (1675–1708) was the son of his daughter Frances.

"His contemporaries called him 'amorous', and in Turkey he was reputed to have 'had many women' and 'built little houses for them'. "

On his return from Ottoman territory in June 1668, King Charles II remarked to Finch, "My Lord, you have not only built a town, but peopled it too".

Lord Finch was appointed by his friend George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle a Governor of Dover Castle, and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the July 1660, also Lord Lieutenant of Kent and afterwards ambassador to the Ottoman Empire and served in this capacity from between 1660–69.

Samuel Pepys first referred to him as the Lord Winchilsea. (Note the difference in spelling from the modern place name, Winchelsea.)

King Charles II had landed at Kent on his way to London to secure the throne on 25 May 1660. The King arrived in Dover with 20 ships and frigates, the Lord General and his life guard was accompanied by the Earl of Winchelsea to the cheer of the crowding locals gathered upon the beach to witness a salute fired from the guns of Dover Castle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.queens.cam.ac.uk/page-242
  2. ^ Burkes' Peerage (1939).

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Bendish, 2nd Baronet
British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
1660–1669
Succeeded by
Sir Daniel Harvey
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Kent
jointly with The Earl of Southampton 1662–1667
The Duke of Richmond 1668–1672

1660–1688
Succeeded by
The Lord Teynham
Custos Rotulorum of Kent
1660–1688
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Vice-Admiral of Kent
1672–1687
Preceded by
Robert Blake
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1660
Succeeded by
The Duke of York and Albany
Preceded by
The Duke of Somerset
Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
1675–1683
Succeeded by
The Duke of Somerset
Preceded by
The Earl of Feversham
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Kent
1689
Succeeded by
The Viscount Sydney
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Finch
Earl of Winchilsea
1639–1689
Succeeded by
Charles Finch
Viscount Maidstone
1639–1689
New title Baron FitzHerbert
1660–1689
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Finch
Baronet
(of Eastwell, Kent)
1639–1689
Succeeded by
Charles Finch