Chai Wan

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Not to be confused with Wan Chai or Chai Wan Kok.
Chai Wan
Chai Wan Overview 201407.jpg
A view of Chai Wan, Siu Sai Wan and the Cargo Handling Basin
Traditional Chinese 柴灣
Simplified Chinese 柴湾
Hanyu Pinyin Chaiwan
Literal meaning firewood bay

Chai Wan (/ˌ ˈwɑːn/; Chinese: 柴灣), formerly mistakenly known as Sai Wan (西灣),[citation needed] lies at the east end of the urban area of Hong Kong Island next to Shau Kei Wan. The area is administratively part of the Eastern District, and is a mosaic of industrial and residential areas. The population was 186,505 in 2001.

Geography[edit]

Skyline of Chai Wan, extending from Island Resort in Siu Sai Wan (left) to Heng Fa Chuen (right), viewed from Lei Yuen Mun (Kowloon) across the Lei Yue Mun channel.

Chai Wan is built on land reclaimed from the bay and extends west from Lei Yue Mun in Heng Fa Chuen (see below) and east to Siu Sai Wan. Mount Collinson and Pottinger Peak on the south and Mount Parker on the west, restrict further development. Shek O Country Park is at the south of Chai Wan.

Panorama[edit]

Panorama of Chai Wan

History[edit]

Aerial view of Chai Wan

Chai Wan was formerly known as Sai Wan (西灣). At the beginning of the 18th century, the area consisted of six villages: Dai Ping Village, Law Uk, Luk Uk, Nam Uk, Sai Village, Sing Uk.

In 1845, the British military built a fort and a barracks in Siu Sai Wan which operated until the 1980s. Sai Sau Wan become an area for new population.

In 1929, the Boy Scouts Association, Hong Kong Branch purchased land for the Chai Wan Campsite where Chai Wan Park is now situated. The land returned to Hong Kong Government for development in the early 1970s.

In 1952, the government began building low-income housing that gradually replaced rural villages in the area.

Culture[edit]

The Law Uk Folk Museum was formerly a village and is now a museum, a branch of the Hong Kong Museum of History.

Housing[edit]

This area has about 200-300 high rise buildings, most of them being residential.

Public housing estates[edit]

Heng Fa Chuen[edit]

Heng Fa Chuen
Heng Fa Chuen Hong Kong.jpg
A bird's eye view of Heng Fa Chuen
Traditional Chinese 杏花邨
Simplified Chinese 杏花邨
Cantonese Jyutping Hang6 Faa1 Cyun1
Literal meaning Almond Flower Village

Heng Fa Chuen is a private residential estate in Chai Wan, jointly developed by MTR Corporation and Kerry Properties. Construction of the residential estate began on 13 August 1977, ended on 26 April 1982 and officially opened on 10 July 1982.

The area was reclaimed from Pak Sha Wan (白沙灣) and Lei Yue Mun Bay (鯉魚門灣). The current promenade along the shoreline was once a beach, surrounded by barren hills and vegetation. Further west, there was once a quarry, near to the site of the Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence. However, the quarry was decommissioned by the Hong Kong Government, after it was mined out. The miners dispersed, with some moving to Chai Wan and settling in wooden houses. There were still traces of it when the of the Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence was established.

In the early 1980s, when the Island Line of the MTR was being planned, the working name of the station was "Chai Wan Quay", according to the Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates Mass Transportation Study. It became Heng Fa Chuen when MTR became the rightful developer of the land for the station and depot. Not only was the name changed, but also it was relocated to its present place from the old location near Chai Wan pier/Ming Pao Industrial Centre.

There are 6,504 apartments in 48 residential blocks[1] managed by MTR Property Management, with Paradise Mall, a shopping centre,[2] attached to it. The world's 11,000th McDonald's fast-food restaurant was opened at Heng Fa Chuen in 1989.[3] In 2000, a PARKnSHOP supermarket replaced the existing Carrefour giant chain supermarket. This Carrefour store, which opened in December 1996, was the first one opened in Hong Kong. It is an item of note that the area used to be under the flightpath of planes landing on the southern side of Kai Tak Airport's runway, and therefore some tower blocks had to be built lower than others.[4][5]

Siu Sai Wan[edit]

Main article: Siu Sai Wan

Siu Sai Wan is a newly developed residential area, located in the eastern part of Chai Wan. The population is about 80,000.

Chai Wan, viewed from Cape Collinson Buddhist Cemetery

Education[edit]

Schools in the area include:

  • Islamic Kasim Tuet Memorial College.[6]
  • Caritas Chai Wan Marden Foundation Secondary School
  • Chong Gene Hang College (張振興伉儷書院)
  • Cognito College (Hong Kong) (文理書院(香港))
  • French International School (Hong Kong)

In Heng Fa Chuen:

  • Lingnan Secondary School (嶺南中學)
  • The Salvation Army Ann Wyllie Memorial Primary School (救世軍韋理夫人紀念學校)
  • The C. & M. A. Scholars' Kindergarten (上書房中英文幼稚園)
  • St. Dominic Kindergarten (聖道明幼稚園)
  • The Creative Kindergarten (啟思幼稚園)
  • The Ruth Kindergarten (路德會幼稚園)

Cemeteries[edit]

Mount Collinson has a range of cemeteries:

Transport[edit]

MTR[edit]

Chai Wan is served by two stations of the MTR rapid transit railway:

The Chai Wan Depot is located under blocks 1 to 18 of Heng Fa Chuen Estate and beside Heng Fa Chuen Station. It houses trains serving on the Island Line, and inspections of trains are carried out here.

Expressways[edit]

Major roads[edit]

Bus routes[edit]

  • New World First Bus: 8, 8P, 81, 81A, 82,82X, 82M, N8, N8P
  • Citybus: 8S, 85, 85P, 8X, 19, 698R, 780, 780P, 788, 789, N8X, A12
  • Cross-harbour routes: 106, 118, 118P, 606, 606X, 682, 682P, 694, 802, N118

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°16′N 114°14′E / 22.27°N 114.24°E / 22.27; 114.24