Henley (UK Parliament constituency)

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Henley
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Henley in Oxfordshire.
Outline map
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
County Oxfordshire
Electorate 73,851 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Henley, Thame and Shiplake
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament John Howell (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Henley is a constituency[n 1] in Oxfordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2008 by John Howell, a Conservative.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The area has since 1910 been a Conservative safe seat, making it one of the longest held seats by the party's candidates in the country.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers south Oxfordshire, excluding the Wallingford/Wantage/Didcot area and is named after Henley-on-Thames, a touristic town in the southeast on the River Thames. The area has most of the South Oxfordshire local government district.

Boundary review[edit]

The Boundary Commission's review before the 2010 election led to minor changes to the seat as a consequence of population changes. Suggestions to alter the name of the constituency to "Henley and Thame" or "South Oxfordshire" were ultimately rejected by the Commission. The seat has electoral wards:

History[edit]

The best-known past Members of Parliament were Michael Heseltine and Boris Johnson.

Henley has been a safe Conservative seat for several generations. The high profile former cabinet minister Michael Heseltine served as its MP for over 25 years. Heseltine was succeeded by the equally high profile Boris Johnson in 2001. In May 2008, Johnson was elected as Mayor of London, and he thus resigned from the Commons on 4 June 2008,[2] resulting in a by-election in the constituency, which was won by John Howell.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party Notes
1885 Edward William Harcourt Conservative
1886 Francis Parker Conservative
1895 Robert Hodge Conservative Became Sir Robert Hodge, Baronet in 1902, assumed surname Hermon-Hodge in 1903
1906 Philip Morrell Liberal
1910 Valentine Fleming Conservative
1917 by-election Sir Robert Hermon-Hodge, Bt. Conservative
1918 Reginald Terrell Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1924 Robert Henderson Conservative
1932 by-election Gifford Fox Conservative
1950 John Hay Conservative
Feb 1974 Michael Heseltine Conservative Later Baron Heseltine; Cabinet minister 1979-86 and 1990–97
2001 Boris Johnson Conservative Elected Mayor of London May 2008
2008 by-election John Howell Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Henley[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Howell
Green Mark Stevenson[5]
Labour Sam Juthani[6]
UKIP Barry Cooper
General Election 2010: Henley[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Howell 30,054 56.2 +3.0
Liberal Democrat Andy Crick 13,466 25.2 −0.9
Labour Richard McKenzie 5,835 10.9 −4.1
UKIP Laurence Hughes 1,817 3.4 +0.9
Green Mark Stevenson 1,328 2.5 −0.8
BNP John Bews 1,020 1.9 −1.7
Majority 16,588 31.0
Turnout 53,520 71.4 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

Henley by-election, 2008 [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Howell 19,796 56.9 +3.4
Liberal Democrat Stephen Kearney 9,680 27.8 +1.8
Green Mark Stevenson 1,321 3.8 +0.5
BNP Tim Rait 1,243 3.6 N/A
Labour Richard McKenzie 1,066 3.1 −11.6
UKIP Chris Adams 843 2.4 −0.1
Monster Raving Loony Bananaman Owen 242 0.7 N/A
English Democrats Derek Allpass 157 0.4 N/A
Independent Amanda Harrington 128 0.4 N/A
Common Good Dick Rodgers 121 0.3 N/A
Independent Louise Cole 91 0.3 N/A
Fur Play Party Harry Bear 73 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,116 29.1 +1.6
Turnout 34,761 50.5 −17.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.8
General Election 2005: Henley[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Boris Johnson 24,894 53.5 +7.4
Liberal Democrat David Turner 12,101 26.0 −1.0
Labour Kaleem Saeed 6,862 14.7 −6.4
Green Mark Stevenson 1,518 3.3 +0.7
UKIP Delphine Gray-Fisk 1,162 2.5 −0.7
Majority 12,793 27.5
Turnout 46,537 67.9 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +4.2
General Election 2001: Henley[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Boris Johnson 20,466 46.1 −0.3
Liberal Democrat Catherine Bearder 12,008 27.0 +2.3
Labour Janet Matthews 9,367 21.1 –1.6
UKIP Philip Collings 1,413 3.2 N/A
Green Oliver Tickell 1,147 2.6 +1.6
Majority 8,458 19.1
Turnout 44,401 64.3 −13.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Henley[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 23,908 46.4 −13.3
Liberal Democrat Tim Horton 12,741 24.7 +0.6
Labour Duncan Enright 12,700 22.7 +7.8
Referendum Party Sebastian Sainsbury 2,299 4.5 N/A
Green Mrs Susan Miles 514 1.0 N/A
Natural Law Nigel Barlow 221 0.4 –0.1
Whig Party Thomas Hibbert 160 0.3 N/A
Majority 11,167 21.7 −13.9
Turnout 77.6 −2.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Henley[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 30,835 59.7 −1.4
Liberal Democrat David G. Turner 12,443 24.1 −2.2
Labour Ivan J. Russell-Swinnerton 7,676 14.9 +2.3
Independent Alan S. Plane 431 0.8 +0.8
Natural Law Ms. Sara A. Banerji 274 0.5 +0.5
Majority 18,392 35.6 +0.8
Turnout 51,659 79.8 +4.9
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Henley[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 29,978 61.1
Liberal J. Madeley 12,896 26.3
Labour M. B. Barber 6,173 12.6
Majority 17,082 34.8
Turnout 75.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Henley[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 27,039 59.7
Liberal I. Brook 13,258 29.3
Labour I. Roxburgh 4,282 9.5
Women for Life On Earth R. Johnson 517 1.1 N/A
One Nation Conservative T. Rogers 213 0.5 N/A
Majority 13,781 30.4
Turnout 72.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Henley[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 29,982 58.7
Liberal S. Atack 11,693 22.9
Labour D. J. Whiting 9,435 18.5
Majority 18,289 35.8
Turnout 77.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Henley[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 22,504 49.0
Liberal S. R. C. Evans 12,288 26.8
Labour I. M. Haig 11,141 24.3
Majority 10,216 22.2
Turnout 73.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Henley[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Heseltine 24,367 48.4
Liberal S. R. C. Evans 15,467 30.7
Labour A. Alexander 10,500 20.9
Majority 8,900 17.7
Turnout 81.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Henley[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 33,452 53.4
Labour Miss Maeve J. Denby 19,310 30.8
Liberal Arthur W. Giles 8,907 14.2 N/A
Anti-Common Market Daniel Brunner 960 1.5 N/A
Majority 14,142 22.6
Turnout 74.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Henley[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 28,994 55.4
Labour George Cunningham 23,320 44.6
Majority 5,674 10.9
Turnout 75.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Henley[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 24,898 49.2
Labour Arthur Ledger 16,614 32.8
Liberal Arthur W. Giles 9,081 18.0
Majority 8,284 16.4
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Henley[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 24,417 53.4
Labour Arthur Ledger 15,014 32.9
Liberal Charles Truman 6,261 13.7 N/A
Majority 9,403 20.6
Turnout 78.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Henley[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 24,061 58.6
Labour Miss Nora J T Wiles 16,980 41.4
Majority 7,081 17.3
Turnout 75.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Henley[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 23,621 58.0
Labour Constantine Gallop 17,090 42.0
Majority 6,531 16.0
Turnout 78.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Henley[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Albert Hay 20,488 49.4
Labour A. E. G. Hawkins 14,709 35.5
Liberal Peter William Vincent Minoprio 6,255 15.1
Majority 5,779 13.9
Turnout 81.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Henley[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gifford Fox 22,286 42.5
Labour J. S. Cook 19,457 37.1
Liberal Lionel Brett 10,718 20.4
Majority 2,829 5.4
Turnout 66.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gifford Wheaton Grey Fox 22,024 70.4
Liberal J H May 9,254 29.6
Majority 12,770 40.8
Turnout 31,278 56.9
Conservative hold Swing
Henley by-election, 1932[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gifford Wheaton Grey Fox 16,553 69.9 -2.3
Liberal Richard Borlase Matthews 7,129 30.1 +13.8
Majority 9,424 39.8 -16.1
Turnout 23,682 48.9 -19.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Ronald Henderson 24,015 72.2
Liberal Richard Borlase Matthews 5,411 16.3
Labour F J Hembury 3,809 11.5
Majority 18,604 55.9
Turnout 33,235 68.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Ronald Henderson 16,943 51.9
Liberal Sir Geoffrey Ernest Tritton 9,786 29.9
Labour Bernard Benjamin Gillis 5,962 18.2
Majority 7,157 22.0
Turnout 32,631 73.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1924: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Ronald Henderson 14,830 64.8
Liberal Charles Alan Bennett 8,060 35.2
Majority 6,770 29.6
Turnout 22,890 70.2
Conservative hold Swing
Sir Henry Rew
General Election 1923: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Antonio Reginald Terrell 12,092 51.8
Liberal Sir Robert Henry Rew 11,266 48.2
Majority 826 3.6
Turnout 23,358 73.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1922: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Antonio Reginald Terrell 11,545 53.1
Liberal Sir Robert Henry Rew 10,204 46.9
Majority 1,341 6.2
Turnout 21,749 69.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Henley[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Thomas Antonio Reginald Terrell 10,757 67.7
Liberal Edmund L Macnaghten 5,138 32.3
Majority 5,619 35.4
Turnout 15,895 52.2
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 

Coordinates: 51°39′N 1°03′W / 51.65°N 1.05°W / 51.65; -1.05