Henri Christiné

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Henri Marius Christiné (27 December 1867 – 25 November 1941) was a French composer of Swiss birth.[1]

The son of a French Savoyard watchmaker,[2] Christiné was born in Geneva, Switzerland. He began by teaching at the lycée in Geneva, while pursuing his interest in music and playing organ in a local church. He married a cafe singer whose troupe was passing through Geneva, and went with her to Nice where they were married.[3] He made his home in France, writing songs firstly for his wife and then for popular singers such as Mayol, Dranem, and Fragson. He also conducted for the music hall at the Place Clichy.

Although Christiné wrote some operettas for the Scala theatre in Paris before the First World War, his career took off when he had his operetta Phi-Phi staged the day of the Armistice on 11 November 1918, with words by Albert Willemetz and Fabien Solar and which ran for three years at the Bouffes-Parisiens. This success was followed by Dédé in 1921, Madame (1923) and J'adore ça (1925). These works were in the forefront of a new fashion in music-theatre: sparkling, witty, jazzy musical plays.[4] Christiné's tunes are often based around repeated refrains of six or seven notes (a 'hook') which made them catchy and popular for contemporary audiences.[5]

In the 1930s Christiné contributed to the renewed fashion for more large-scale spectacular musicals, with pieces for the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris, Au temps des Merveilleuses and Yana; for these he wrote the more vibrant numbers, while Richepin did the romantic songs.[6] "Le Bonheur, Mesdames" and "Le Flirt ambulant" were rearrangements of his songs from the 1900s.[7] He died in Nice, France.

Phi-Phi and Dédé are still occasionally revived in France.

Works[edit]

  • 1903 : Service d'amour, Brussels
  • 1904 : Mam'zelle Chichi, Paris
  • 1907 : Les Vierges du harem, Brussels
  • 1908 : Cinq minutes d'amour, Paris
  • 1918 : Phi-Phi, Paris
  • 1921 : Dédé, Paris
  • 1923 : Madame, Paris
  • 1925 : J'adore ça ; PLM,[8] Paris
  • 1926 : J'aime !, Paris
  • 1929 : Arthur, Paris
  • 1931 : Encore cinquante centimes (with Maurice Yvain), Paris
  • 1933 : La Madone du promenoir ; L'Affaire Brocs, Paris
  • 1934 : Le Bonheur, mesdames ! ; Au temps des Merveilleuses (with Tiarko Richepin)
  • 1934 : La Poule ; Yana (with Tiarko Richepin)

Songs[edit]

  • La Petite Tonkinoise (1905)
  • Elle est épatante
  • Je connais une blonde
  • Reviens
  • Valentine

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gänzl K. Henri Christiné. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. Macmillan, London and New York, 1997.
  2. ^ Bruyr J. Que sais-je? L'operette. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris, 1962.
  3. ^ Ziegler J. Booklet notes accompanying CD 461 961-2, Dédé, 2001.
  4. ^ Gänzl K. Henri Christiné. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. Macmillan, London and New York, 1997.
  5. ^ Nichols R. The Harlequin Years: music in Paris 1917-1929. Thames & Hudson, London, 2002.
  6. ^ Traubner R. Operetta, a theatrical history. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1983.
  7. ^ L'encyclopédie multimedia de la comédie musicale théâtrale en France (1918-1940), accessed 13.8.09
  8. ^ (Le Train Bleu)